×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
ARMOR
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
MODERN

T-155 Firtina (Storm)


Self-Propelled Gun (2002)


Land Systems / Battlefield

1 / 1
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; no reproduction permitted

Jump-to: Specifications

The Turkish T-155 Firtina is based on the South Korean K9 Thunder self-propelled gun platform.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/26/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The T-155 "Firtina" (translating to "Storm") is a Turkish-based self-propelled gun derivative of the South Korean K9 "Thunder" (produced by Samsung Techwin) with subtle design and system elements to suit Turkish Army requirements. The T-155 is of a conventional design and sports a powerful long-range 155mm main gun in the artillery support role atop a tracked chassis providing strong cross-country qualities. To date, the T-155 has seen active operation against rebel forces (the PKK) near the northern Iraqi border and remains a critical portion of modern Turkish armored doctrine. Design work (following a South Korean/Turkish government defense procurement agreement) on the T-155 began in 1998 to which, after successful completion of trials with the Turkish Army, entered production in 2001 and subsequent service in 2002. To date, over 150 of the type have been delivered with a further 200 on order. Assembly is handled locally out of the 1st Army Maintenance Center Command at Adapazari. The T-155 is differentiated from its South Korean origins by its revised turret structure as well as locally-developed internals (fire control system (FCS), navigation and communications suite). The T-155 is comparable in scope to the ubiquitous American M109 SPG, German Pz 2000 and British AS-90 series and follows the same form and function on the modern battlefield.

Outwardly, the T-155 is of a highly traditional design arrangement. The chassis features a suspended track-and-wheel system fitted to each hull side. The engine is mounted to the front right of the vehicle with the turret set at the middle of the hull and overhanging to the rear (this provides the required internal maneuvering space for the ammunition and crew). This provides the needed support and clearance for the long running barrel assembly which is capped by a slotted muzzle break and supported through a heavy duty recoil system located at its base. The main gun is breech loaded in the usual fashion, though supported beyond its two manual loaders by an automatic feed mechanism. Communication antenna are fitted externally to each corner of the turret roof and an entry/exit hatch provides access to the anti-aircraft machine gun. The vehicle is crewed by five personnel with the driver seated in the front-left hull. The commander, gunner and two dedicated loaders reside in the turret. The 360-degree nature of the turret allows for engagement at all possible angles relative to hull center - this a far cry from the self-propelled guns of World War 2 which featured fixed superstructures requiring the entire vehicle to be facing the target area. As such, the T-155 can fire and relocate to another area as necessary without necessarily turning around to face front. The entire firing process (setup and action) is said to take just 30 seconds to complete, providing the Turkish Army with a expedient artillery solution.
Design of the T-155 centers around the power 155mm L52 main gun (in a revised turret structure when compared to the South Korean K9). The weapon is a highly effective, and accurate long-range artillery weapon utilized to lob large-caliber projectiles against enemy target areas. The 155mm projectile is a massive round (requiring multiple crew to handle) and can be equipped with a variety of payloads beyond the standard High-Explosive (HE) round and includes chemical, armor-piercing, anti-fortification, illumination and smoke types. The weapon's far reach allows the T-155 to operate well behind active frontlines and attack targets with relative impunity (assuming air superiority). The main gun lists a range of 40 kilometers though this varies based on the type of ammunition being fired and additional support granted from rocket-assisted munitions. The rear of the turret features access panels which open to accept live rounds and jettison spent shell casings. Self-defense of the T-155 against enemy infantry and low-flying aircraft (such as attack helicopters) is through a 12.7mm Browning heavy machine gun. When in transport mode, the main gun barrel is seated in the included barrel lock which prevents the barrel from moving.

Power for the T-155 is provided by a German-designed MTU-881 KA 500 diesel-fueled engine of 1,000 horsepower (as in the K9 Thunder). This results in a top road speed of 40 miles per hour and an operational range of 300 miles - specifications keeping it on par with modern Turkish mechanized forces. This makes the T-155 a tactically flexible weapon system and broadens Turkish military prowess considerably - no successful modern army is without its self-propelled 155mm gun system.

Outside of the Turkish Army, the T-155 has garnered interest from the Azerbaijani Army - they having since placed an order for as many as 40 units. Turkish authorities have planned an ammunition vehicle development based on the successful T-155 chassis (sans its turret and gun system of course). The ammunition vehicle will work in conjunction with the T-155 by directly supplying available projectiles through the rear of the turret to feed sustained fire. In this fashion, the already formidable T-155 will be made more valuable.

The Turkish Army has been actively using its T-155 inventory against Kurdish rebels since 2007 and has used T-155s to fire rounds into Syrian territory in response to attacks originating from its southern neighbor (as related to the 2011 Syrian people's uprising).

Specifications



Service Year
2002

Origin
Turkey national flag graphic
Turkey

Crew
5
CREWMEN
Production
300
UNITS


1st Army Maintenance Center Command - Turkey
National flag of Azerbaijan National flag of Turkey Azerbaijan; Turkey
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.


Length
39.4 ft
12 m
Width
11.5 ft
3.5 m
Height
11.3 ft
3.43 m
Weight
123,459 lb
56,000 kg
Tonnage
61.7 tons
HEAVY
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base T-155 Firtina (Storm) production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x MTU MT 881 Ka-500 8-cylinder, liquid-cooled diesel engine delivering 1,025 horsepower.
Speed
41.0 mph
(66.0 kph)
Range
298.3 mi
(480.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base T-155 Firtina (Storm) production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 155mm L52 main gun
1 x 12.7mm anti-aircraft heavy machine gun on turret roof.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
48 x 155mm projectiles
500 x 12.7mm ammunition


T-155 - Base Series Designation; based on the South Korean K9 Thunder SPG.


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-