×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
ARMOR
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
SPANISH CIVIL WAR
WORLD WAR 2

T-26


Infantry Light Tank Tracked Combat Vehicle (1931)


Land Systems / Battlefield

1 / 3
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted
2 / 3
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted
3 / 3
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted

Jump-to: Specifications

The T-26 began as a direct copy of the British Vickers 6-ton Type E light tank.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/20/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
As was the norm after World War 1 in all industrialized nations around the globe, Soviet warplanners set about to upgrade their armed forces to meet the demands of the everchanging battlefield. In particular demand was the improvement of the armored corps which were progressively outclassed by their contemporaries. Attempts were made to develop and indigenous design but most came to naught. As such, the British-based Vickers 6-ton Type E series were available in limited numbers stemming from a 1930 purchase from England and were selected for further development.

The British Type E became the T-26 in the Soviet inventory and brought about as a light infantry tank. The initial production version featured twin turrets in a distinct World War 1 style layout, each turret mounting a single 7.62mm anti-infantry machine gun. This version was known as the T-26A1 and were basically carbon copies of the British production models. From there, the previously Vickers design evolved into several variants starting with the base T-26A, all centering on increased crew protection and the mounting of evermore potent weapons. Power was derived from a single GAZ-type T-26 8-cylinder gasoline engine that delivered some 91 horsepower. The system would be crewed by 3 personnel. The T-26A2 followed shortly there after and became the first all-Russian production models armed with Soviet machine guns.
One T-26 model appeared with a 1 x 7.62mm and a 1 x 12.7mm (.50 caliber) machine gun array whilst another mounted an additional 27mm cannon in place of the aforementioned heavy machine gun. A 37mm main gun was fitted to the T-26A-5. The T-26B model series became the definitive T-26 tank as the twin turret design was dropped in favor of a more traditional single turret layout. This single turret was initially fitted with the 37mm main gun of the T-26A-5 but was later upgraded to a more potent 45mm variety.

The pinnacle T-26 design came with the arrival of the T-26S series. This particular series saw a change from riveted construction techniques to welded designing. Not only did this improve the overall protection of the tank turret but it also removed the deadly effect of having rivets blown clean from their holes from inside in the event of a direct hit by the enemy. The T-26 was spawned into other battlefield roles, more notably the addition of bridging tanks (in the ST-26 model), command vehicles (in the T-26A-4V and T-26B-2V models) and flamethrowing derivatives (all tanks beginning with the "OT" designation. An attempt was made with mounting a 76.2mm main gun to the turret which would go on to become the AT-1.

T-26s entered service in 1931 and were in play until 1942, by which time they were wholly obsolete. Captured T-26s in German hands were modified as gun carriers (75mm PaK 97/38 light tank destroyers) while Russian use of their own system was interupted after their factories were overrun. In any case the T-26 was reported to be a stable system without much fanfare. It was adequate for the role but hardly an impressive machine. It did operate in combat conditions from the Spanish Civil War and combat against German, Japanese and Finnish forces alike, earning the Russians some much-needed experience in the realm of tank design and - more importantly - mass production of military systems.

Specifications



Service Year
1931

Origin
Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Crew
3
CREWMEN
Production
12,000
UNITS


Factory No. 174 / Stalingrad Tractor Factory - Soviet Union
National flag of Afghanistan National flag of Finland National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Hungary National flag of Italy National flag of the Kingdom of Italy National flag of Romania National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Spain National flag of Taiwan National flag of Turkey Afghanistan; Finland; Hungary; Kingdom of Italy; Nazi Germany; Romania; Soviet Union; Spain; Taiwan; Turkey
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Infantry Support
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems.
Tank-vs-Tank
Engage armored vehicles of similar form and function.


Length
16.0 ft
4.88 m
Width
11.2 ft
3.41 m
Height
7.9 ft
2.41 m
Weight
20,723 lb
9,400 kg
Tonnage
10.4 tons
LIGHT
(Showcased structural values pertain to the T-26B production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x GAZ T-26 8-cylinder gasoline engine developing 91 horsepower.
Speed
17.4 mph
(28.0 kph)
Range
108.7 mi
(175.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the T-26B production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 37mm OR 45mm main gun
1 x 7.62mm machine gun

Other Variants:
1 OR 2 x 7.62mm machine gun(s)
1 x Flame Projector in place of main gun(flamethrowing variant)
1 x 12.7mm machine gun


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
165 x 45mm projectiles
3,654 x 7.62mm ammunition


T-26 - Base Series Designation; based on the British Vickers 6-ton Type E light tank design.
T-26A (T-26 Model 1931) - Initial Production Model Designation.
T-26A-1
T-26A-2 - Fitted with two turrets mounting 1 x 7.62mm machine guns each.
T-26A-3 - Fitted with 1 x 12.7mm machine gun and 1 x 7.62mm machine gun.
T-26A-4 - Fitted with 1 x 27mm cannon and 1 x 7.62mm machine gun.
T-26A-4(U) - Command Vehicle; also T-26A-4V.
T-26A-5 - Fitted with 1 x 37mm main gun and 1 x 7.62mm machine gun.
T-26B (T-26 Model 1933) - Single turret design series.
T-26B-1 - Mounting 1 x 37mm main gun
T-26B-2 - Improved T-26B; all-welded construction; improved turret with gun counterweight added at rear.
T-26B-2(U) - Command Vehicle
T-26S Model 1937 - Fitted with 45mm main gun; may also be known as the T-26C or T-26E.
OT-26 - Flamethrowing Tank based on the T-26A model series.
OT-30 - Flamethrowing Tank based on the T-26B model series.
OT-133 - Flamethrowing Tank; based on the T-26S model series.
ST-26 - Bridging Tank; also IT-26.
AT-1 - Converted T-26 into 76.2mm self-propelled gun role.


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003- :::NEWSITE