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ASU-57


Airborne Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun (SPATG) (1951)


Land Systems / Battlefield

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Front right side view of an ASU-57 gun system
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Rear right side view of the ASU-57 self-propelled gun

Jump-to: Specifications

The ASU-57 self-propelled anti-tank gun carrier was the mainstay for Soviet airborne divisions for decades.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/02/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The ASU-57 was a Soviet-designed system meant to provide a self-propelled anti-tank gun option to airborne elements. The ASU was armed with a 57mm main gun (hence the "57" occurring in the designation) but was lightly armored and offered basic protection to the crew. The ASU-57 was fielded in large numbers during its production run but was later relegated to training duty with the arrival of the more capable ASU-85. 30 projectiles was provided for the main gun and it is reported that a rate of 10 rounds per minute could be achieved optimally.

Crew accommodations in the ASU-57 amounted to three personnel. The driver and loader were stationed to the right of the compartment, leaving the commander to the left. The hull was of welded aluminum and only 0.24 inches at its thickest. The crew sat in an open-air compartment with nothing more than a tarp to cover themselves from the elements. Besides the 57mm main gun, the crew was afforded a 7.62mm machine gun for self-defense. This machine gun could be removed for ground duty as well.

Weighing in at 3.5 tonnes, the ASU-57 self-propelled system could be airdropped by parachute with rockets assisting in cushioning the landing. Initially transported externally under the wings of a Tupolev Tu-4 bomber, the system was later carried internally in an Antonov An-12 aircraft and dropped by pallet.

Despite its compactness, the ASU-57 suffered from the minimal protection afforded to the crew. the 57mm main gun was also under-gunned when compared to the similar M56 American version mounting a 90mm main gun. The ASU-57 would eventually be replaced by the ASU-85, which featured far better armor protection and a larger caliber main gun.

Specifications



Service Year
1951

Origin
Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Crew
3
CREWMEN
Production
500
UNITS


MMZ - Soviet Union
National flag of Egypt National flag of Ethiopia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Vietnam National flag of Yugoslavia Egypt; Ethiopia; Soviet Union; Vietnam; Yugoslavia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Anti-Tank / Anti-Armor
Base model or variant can be used to track, engage, and defeat armored enemy elements at range.
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.
Infantry Support
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems.
Reconaissance
Can conduct reconnaissance / scout missions to assess threat levels, enemy strength, et al - typically through lightweight design.


Length
16.4 ft
4.99 m
Width
6.8 ft
2.08 m
Height
3.9 ft
1.18 m
Weight
7,379 lb
3,347 kg
Tonnage
3.7 tons
LIGHT
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base ASU-57 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x M-20E 4-cylinder gasoline-fueled water-cooled engine developing 50 to 55 horsepower driving a conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Speed
28.0 mph
(45.0 kph)
Range
155.3 mi
(250.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base ASU-57 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 57mm autocannon main gun.
1 x 7.62mm machine gun (optional).


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank cannon armament
Graphical image of a tank automatic cannon
Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
30 x 57mm projectiles


ASU-57 - Base Series Designation
ASU-57KShM - Command / Staff Variant; increased communications equipment.
BSU-11-57F (2T2) - Proposed Gun Carrier for 107mm B-11; single prototype example completed.
ASU-57P (Ob.574) - Proposed Amphibious ASU-57; five prototype vehicles completed.


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