×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Scale (2024) Special Forces

SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora


Surface-to-Air Missile Defense System


Soviet Union | 1961



"Despite its 1960s origins, the SA-3 Goa is still part of the military inventories of many countries."

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora Surface-to-Air Missile Defense System.
Dependent upon carrier vehicle.
Installed Power
Structure
The physical qualities of the SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora Surface-to-Air Missile Defense System.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora Surface-to-Air Missile Defense System.
2 OR 4 x Surface-to-Air Missiles (V-600 or V601 missile types).
AMMUNITION:
2 OR 4 x Surface-to-Air Missiles (V-600, 60kg warhead or V601, 70kg warhead).
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora family line.
SA-3 "Goa" - NATO Reporting Name
SA-N-1 "Goa" NATO reporting Name for navalized SA-3 Goa variant.
SA-3A - US DoD designation of base model
SA-3B - US DoD designation of "Neva-M" model
SA-N-1B - US DoD designation of navalized "Neva-M".
S-125 - Base Series Designation
S-125M "Neva-M" - Upgraded S-125; appearing in 1964.
S-125M1 "Neva-M1" - Upgraded S-125M
M-1 "Volna" - Navalized SA-3 Goa designation
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 11/14/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

With more nimble and advanced aircraft emerging from the West during the Cold War decades, it fell to Soviet engineers to develop counters when protecting the vast airspace of the Soviet frontier. These sort of developments always began with a more capable missile to which an associated tracking and engagement suite was coupled. The completed unit could then be seated on any tracked or wheeled chassis capable of carrying the weapon's weight or affixed as a static emplacement to defend key Soviet installations or regions.

In 1961, adoption of the S-125 "Neva" (also "Pehora") occurred in the Soviet Army. Its design was attributed to engineer Aleksei Mihailovich Isaev from the Almaz Central Design Bureau and intended as a bridge to the earlier S-25 "Berkut" missile series of 1955 and the high-altitude S-75 "Dvina" system of 1957. The S-125 went on to see combat service in the Yom Kippur War (1973), Angolan Civil War (1975-2002), the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), the Gulf War (1991), and the Kosovo War (1998-1999). Its widespread acceptance in the inventories of many Soviet-supported states and allies has allowed it to remain a viable air-defense system even today (2014). Additionally, modernization programs have expanded its battlefield usefulness for some host nations.

The basic vehicle for the S-125 launcher was a 6x6 wheeled Soviet Army truck which utilized a standard automobile configuration with a front-mounted diesel-powered drive and a three-person cab. This arrangement typically saw two of the large missiles seated over the rear of the vehicle. The launcher held an inherent elevation range as well as traversal. Deployment was first seen around the capital city of Moscow beginning in 1961 and, in time, the Soviet Navy deployed a special over-water version. Further development begat a quadruple missile launcher developed to increase first-hit chances.


Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.


Following in 1964 was a slightly revised form with improved guidance and added a modified rocket booster by way of the "S-125M" designation. It was, itself, improved through the upcoming "S-125M1". The navalized version became the SA-N-1 (M-1 "Volna"). Original missiles were designated "V-600" and sported a 132lb warhead with an engagement range out to 9.3 miles. Improvements to its design brought about adoption of the "V-601" series which added a further 22lbs to the warhead with drastically increased engagement beyond 20 miles. The warhead in both types was of a High-Explosive, FRAGmentation (HI-FRAG) design with command-based detonation. The missile was powered by a solid propellant rocket motor capable of reaching altitudes beyond 55,000 feet.

Beyond the missile section of the SA-3 arrangement was its direction radar. This was actually a collection of accompanying systems that included a C-band target acquisition element, a fire control and guidance segment, and an E-band altitude/rangefinder. Working collectively, the arrangement ensured a potent level of success even against fast-moving, agile targets.

For the remerging Russian Army, the S-125 series was eventually succeeded by the SA-10 "Grumble" (S-300) and SA-12 "Giant" families. Other operators have either discontinued use of the line or have developed local modernization programs (as is the case with Serbian and Ukrainian stocks). Former operators include Afghanistan, Cambodia, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Finland, Hungary, Iraq, Romania, Russia, Somalia, Slovakia, South Yemen, and Yugoslavia. Russia retired their stock during the 1990s and Iraq's collection was destroyed in the 2003 American-led invasion. Back in the 1991 Gulf War campaign, Iraqi SA-3s managed limited success against coalition aircraft - though claiming at least one General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon multirole fighter.

Notable current operators (as of 2014) include Angola, Cuba, Egypt, Georgia, India, Libya, North Korea, Poland, Syria, Venezuela, Vietnam, and Yemen (among others, see operators list).

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 3,000 Units

Contractor(s): State Factories - Soviet Union
National flag of Algeria National flag of Angola National flag of Armenia National flag of Bulgaria National flag of Cuba National flag of Czechia National flag of Egypt National flag of Ethiopia National flag of Finland National flag of Georgia National flag of modern Germany National flag of East Germany National flag of Hungary National flag of India National flag of Iraq National flag of Libya National flag of Mozambique National flag of North Korea National flag of Peru National flag of Poland National flag of Romania National flag of Russia National flag of Serbia National flag of Slovakia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Somalia National flag of Syria National flag of Tanzania National flag of Turkmenistan National flag of Ukraine National flag of Vietnam National flag of Yemen National flag of Yugoslavia National flag of Zambia

[ Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Azebaijan; Bulgaria; Burma; Cambodia; Cuba; Czechoslovakia; Egypt; East Germany; Ethiopia; Finland; Georgia; Hungary; India; Iraq; Libya; Moldova; Mozambique; North Korea; Peru; Poland; Romania; Russia; Serbia; Somalia; Soviet Union; South Yemen; Slovakia; Syria; Ukraine; Tanzania; Turkmenistan; Vietnam; Yemen; Yugoslavia; Zambia ]
1 / 1
Image of the SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora

Going Further...
The SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora Surface-to-Air Missile Defense System appears in the following collections:
HOME
ARMOR INDEX
ARMOR BY COUNTRY
VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE VEHICLES
VEHICLES BY CONFLICT
VEHICLES BY TYPE
VEHICLES BY DECADE
COLD WAR VEHICLES
MODERN TANKS
MODERN ARTILLERY
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks of the World U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols Breakdown U.S. 5-Star Generals List WWII Weapons by Country World War Next

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)