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HQ-7 (CH-SA-4)

Self-Propelled Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Vehicle [ 1996 ]

The HQ-7 benefits from a 6x6 wheeled chassis for mobility and a trainable mounting to engage low-flying aerial targets at short ranges.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/11/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Closer ties with the French government allowed China to purchase a selection of French-originated battlefield solutions which, in turn, were reengineered and - in some cases - further developed to better suit Chinese industry and local requirements. The "HQ-7" is one such product operated by the People's Liberation Army Ground Force of China. It is a self-propelled anti-aircraft solution used in the low-altitude, short-ranged air defense role with mobility provided through a 6x6 wheeled arrangement. The missile launcher (with integrated radar) sits over the hull roof with the crew provided protection from small arms fire and artillery spray. The missiles are a Chinese evolution of the French "Crotale" system (detailed elsewhere on MilitaryFactory.com) of same form-and-function. About 200 are held in the active PLAGF active inventory.

The vehicle is known to NATO as "CH-SA-4".

The vehicle has hinged side entry doors and a twin-windshield cab with side-by-side seating. Access hatches are noted over the hull roof. The forward placement of the crew results in the powerpack being set at the rear of the hull. Over the middle is the launcher component which sits on a trainable mounting allowing for elevation and traversal. Roadwheels are large and split across three total axels - one forward and two rear. The vehicle does not have noticeable ground clearance, limiting its cross-country capabilities.

Original production forms fell under the HQ-7A designation. Its improved form became the HQ-7B. A navalized variant was developed as the HHQ-7. The series has seen export as the FM-80 (HQ-7A), FM-90 (HQ-7B), and the FM-90N (FM-90, navy).

Operators beyond China currently (2023) include global allies Algeria, Bangladesh, Iran, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

China national flag graphic

In Active Service.

China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Algeria National flag of Bangladesh National flag of China National flag of Iran National flag of Pakistan National flag of Turkmenistan Algeria; Bangladesh; China; Iran; Pakistan; Turkmenistan
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Anti-Aircraft / Airspace Denial
Base model or variant can be used to search, track, and neutralize airborne elements at range.

Wheeled Arrangement
Wheeled arrangement gives this system an inherent road-running capability, enhancing mobility.
Traversable Main Armament
Armament is situated in a traversing component, allowing for all-around engagement of enemy threats.
NBC Protection
Crew is provided (either as standard or optional) protection against Nuclear-Biological-Chemical agents for enhanced survivability in contaminated zones.
Crew has access to night-vision equipment, allowing for low-light or night time operations.
Anti-Aircraft / Air-Defense Capable
System is given an anti-aircraft defense component to protect itself from low-flying aerial threats at range.

26,455 lb
12,000 kg
13.2 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the HQ-7 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Diesel-fueled turbocharged engine driving conventional six-wheeled / all-wheeled arrangement.
55.9 mph
(90.0 kph)
341.8 mi
(550.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the HQ-7 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
2 OR 4 x HQ-7 short-ranged Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs) on turret over hull roof.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a surface-to-air missile weapon

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
2 OR 4 x SAMs.

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Images Gallery

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Image of the HQ-7 (CH-SA-4)
Image from the Chinese MoD; Public Release.

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