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Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Truck [ 2018 ]

The CS-VP3 serves the modern Chinese Land Forces in the MRAP role and has been featured in the UN mission in Mali.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/31/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The close-quarters urban fighting environment experienced by America and its Allies after the 2003 invasion of Iraq shed a spotlight on the need for modern survivability solutions for infantrymen beyond that as was offered by the ubiquitous HUMVEE line. This resulted in a concerted effort on the part of military vehicle manufacturers to delivery what came to be known as "MRAPs" ("Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected") vehicles - trucks with enhanced protection capabilities including specialized hull and chassis design, run-flat tires, and improved armor. China has taken to these lessons itself and, with the help of the experienced MRAP experts of South Africa, put forth a line of in-house MRAPs all its own, resulting in such types as the NORINCO CS/VP3 series 4x4 vehicle.

NORINCO is a Chinese defense powerhouse responsible for delivering on many of its military designs concerning infantry-level small arms and Army-centric armored vehicles. It is an acronym for "China NORth Industries COrporation".

Mobile Land Systems (MLS) of South Africa first received the MRAP contract in November of 2010 calling for as many as 10,000 vehicles to be secured for the Chinese military who sought a mine-protected vehicle to keep pace with global rivals - namely the United States. Poly Technologies of China then teamed with Changan Industries to help bring the vehicle to the local market and early forms were built from South African-supplied kits that were then assembled by Changan in China.

In the CS/VP3, a proven, fully-suspended 4x4 all-wheeled arrangement is used. True to its South African roots, its hull is of the "V-shape" pattern to deflect under-vehicle blasts away from the occupants and key mechanical drive components of the truck, enhancing its battlefield survivability in contested environments. Beyond this mine-resistant quality are bullet-resistant windows giving protection from both small arms fire and artillery spray. The truck is equipped with a diesel-fueled engine and provides the vehicle with an road operating speed up to 65 miles-per-hour with a range out to 500 miles depending on load. With its inherently high suspension, cross-country travel is also possible.

The truck takes on a conventional appearance with the engine housed in the bow. Aft of this is the side-by-side driving section leading the spacious passenger area seated over the rear of the chassis. The roadwheels are well-spaced at each corner of the frame. A spare tire is carried over the rear right side wall. Windows span the front, sides, and rear of the hull for excellent situational awareness. A complete fire suppression system is included as are creature comforts such as air conditioning. Road weight is 16.5 tons while structural dimensions include a length of 7.58 meters, a beam of 2.45 meters, and a height of 3.25 meters (with turrets installed).

Beyond the driver, an additional eleven occupants can be carried in the standard internal configuration.

Inherent versatility also means that the base chassis can be converted to perform other critical battlefield roles including fast reconnaissance / scouting, Command and Control (C2), and MEDEVAC. There is a limited water-fording capability built into the truck's design.

Beyond China, Nigeria and Uganda are a known global operators of the CS/VP3 series of MRAP.

China has been operating the vehicle in its UN mission to Mali. These have been fielded with additional protection measures including mesh screens over the windows, headlamps, and sides of the hull, a slatted grille extension component, side hull bulges, roof-mounted interference poles, and a pair of roof-mounted / machine gun-equipped machine gun armored emplacements (these seated in line) - all intended to protect the occupants from guerilla-style attacks, hidden explosives, and rocket assaults. Armament options include both 7.62mm and 12.7mm machine gun types as well as 30mm/40mm Automatic Grenade Launchers (AGLs) to defend against - or root out - enemy elements.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

China national flag graphic

In Active Service.

China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO) / Poly Technologies / Changan Industries - China / Mobile Land Systems (MLS) - South Africa
(View other Vehicle-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of China National flag of Nigeria National flag of Uganda China; Nigeria; Uganda
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Amphibious Assault
Traverse bodies of open water under own power with / without preparation.
Infantry Support
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems.
Armored Car
Design, of typically lightweight nature, providing onroad/offroad capabilities for the scouting or general security roles.
Designed to withstand attacks from mines and ambushes through specialized design and survivability features.
Can conduct reconnaissance / scout missions to assess threat levels, enemy strength, et al - typically through lightweight design.
General utility-minded design to accomplish a variety of battlefield tasks, typically in a non-direct-combat fashion.

Wheeled Arrangement
Wheeled arrangement gives this system an inherent road-running capability, enhancing mobility.
Typical of older tank designs, this vehicle sports its main armament in multiple turrets.
Traversable Main Armament
Armament is situated in a traversing component, allowing for all-around engagement of enemy threats.
System can enter and traverse open water sources - either rivers, lakes, and streams; Amphibious Assault operation support.
Cross-Country Capability
Design includes such features as a track-link system or high ground clearance to better traverse offroad.
Angled Armor
Angled armor at key facings adds inherent ballistics protection to the vehicle.
Shallow Glacis
The shallow design of the glacis plate provides the vehicle with inherent ballistics protection as well as contributes to a lower overall profile - making it more difficult to disable.
NBC Protection
Crew is provided (either as standard or optional) protection against Nuclear-Biological-Chemical agents for enhanced survivability in contaminated zones.
Smoke Screening
Vehicle has capability to self-generate a smoke screen, either through launched grenades or built-in engine funtion (raw fuel injection).
Crew has access to night-vision equipment, allowing for low-light or night time operations.
Vehicle features an in-built anti-infantry capability for local defense of the vehicle or general troop suppression.
Troop Carrier
Vehicle (or its variants) has an inherent troop-carrying capability, providing protected cover for embarked allies in contested areas.
Gun Ports
Vehicle allows occupants to engage outside targets from within the confines (and safety) of the vehicle.
Vehicle's proven running gear and overall makeup lends itself well to fulfill other battlefield roles by way of specialized designs.

24.9 ft
7.58 m
8.0 ft
2.45 m
10.7 ft
3.25 m
33,069 lb
15,000 kg
16.5 tons
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base NORINCO CS/VP3 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x Diesel-fueled engine of unknown make, model, and output power driving 4x4 all-wheeled arrangement.
Transmission: 1 x Automatic transmission system.
62.1 mph
(100.0 kph)
497.1 mi
(800.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base NORINCO CS/VP3 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 7.62mm OR 12.7mm machine gun in forward turret.
1 x 7.62mm OR 12.7mm machine gun in aft turret.

Also any personal weapons carried by the crew.

Supported Types

Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun
Graphical image of the M3 Grease Gun submachine gun

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
1,000 x 7.62mm ammunition (estimated).
550 x 12.7mm ammunition (estimated).

CS/VP3 - Base Series Designation.

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Images Gallery

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Image of the NORINCO CS/VP3
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.


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