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NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07)

Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle

China | 2007

"The NORINCO PLZ-07 Self-Propelled Howitzer platform was unveiled for public viewing in October of 2009."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/02/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The modern Chinese Army (the People's Liberation Army = PLA) currently fields two distinct forms of self-propelled artillery - one in 122mm and another in the more standard 155mm. The 122mm caliber is a hold-over from the Soviet Cold-war era and still serves a (limited) purpose on the battlefield today. One example of this vehicle form in service is the PLZ-07, also known as the "Type 07". The vehicles were developed by China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) and made their first public appearance in October of 2009.

The PLZ-07 design is based upon the existing chassis f the ZBD-97 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) detailed elsewhere on this site. The vehicle is very similar in form and function to the Soviet 2S1 "Gvozdika".

The PLZ-07 is intended as a direct successor to aging vehicle lines like the Type 70, Type 85 and Type 89. As such it retains a track-and-wheel form and houses its gunnery crew in a fully-enclosed, 360-degree traversing turret structure fitted over the rear of the tank. The driver takes up a position in the hull. The entire crew complement numbers five men.

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Drive power is supplied by a diesel unit of 600 horsepower installed in the front-right of the hull. The running gear includes six rubber-tired roadwheels to a track side with the dive sprocket at front and the track idler at rear. Three track return rollers are used. Suspension is by way of a torsion bar arrangement. Maximum road speed is 65 kmh and range is out to 500 kilometers.

The 122mm main gun tube, based on the Soviet-era D-30 towed artillery gun, is seated in the front facing of the turret and is featured with a fume extractor and large muzzle brake as well as an integral recoil mechanism. The standard High-Explosive (HE) shell can reach out to ranges of 18 kilometers while rocket-assisted types have a range well over 25 kilometers giving the vehicle a fairly good reach.

In addition to the 122mm main armament, the vehicle sports a 12.7mm heavy machine gun for the anti-aircraft role. This weapon can also serve in suppression of enemy elements but the vehicle is largely intended for behind-frontline operations - utilizing either in-direct or direct methods of fire as needed. For self-screening, the tank is also equipped with four banks of three smoke grenade dischargers each; these are installed along the forward turret side facings.

As finalized, the PLZ-07 design sports a weight of 24.5 tons and features a length of 6.6 meters with a width of 3.28 meters and a height of 2.5 meters. This allows the combat system to traverse established road ways and bridges across China while also being capable of air transportation as well as rail transportation.

The amphibious assault form of the PLZ-07 tank is designated PLZ-07B.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07) Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle.
1 x Diesel-fueled engine developing 600 horsepower driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Installed Power
40 mph
65 kph
Road Speed
311 miles
500 km
The physical qualities of the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07) Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle.
21.7 ft
6.6 meters
O/A Length
10.8 ft
3.28 meters
O/A Width
8.2 ft
2.5 meters
O/A Height
54,013 lb
24,500 kg | 27.0 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07) Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle.
1 x 122mm main gun in front turret face.
1 x 12.7mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof.
4 x 4 Smoke Grenade Dischargers at turret cheeks.
30 x 122mm projectiles (estimated).
550 x 12.7mm ammunition.
12 x Smoke Grenades.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES - OPTIONAL.
Notable series variants as part of the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07) family line.
PLZ-07 - Base Series Designation.
Type 07 - Alternative Designation.
PLZ-07B - Amphibious assault model with revised bow.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 450 Units

Contractor(s): China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
National flag of China

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Image of the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.
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Image of the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.
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Image of the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.
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Image of the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.
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Image of the NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07)

Going Further...
The NORINCO PLZ-07 (Type 07) Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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