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Canon de 75 mle 1873 Reffye

Towed Breech-Loaded Field Gun

The Reffye Modele 1873 field gun of 75mm caliber was a design by Jean-Baptiste Verchere de Reffye.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 5/10/2017
National Flag Graphic


Year: 1873
Manufacturer(s): State Arsenals - France
Production: 600
Capabilities: Fire Support/Assault/Breaching;
Crew: 8
Power: None. This is a towed artillery piece.
Operators: France
The 75mm Reffye field gun appeared on the scene in the latter half of the 1800s. The design sported several unique concepts when compared to rival guns of the time - a sliding breech block and interrupted screw. This allowed the weapon to be effectively loaded/reloaded from the breech end of the weapon during a time when most all field guns were of muzzle-loading design. The system was developed by one Jean-Baptiste Verchere de Reffye which is where the gun also got its name - de Reffye serving as an artillery officer in the French Army at the time. He was also credited with development of one of the earliest machine guns to exist - the multi-shot "mitrailleuse".

The Reffye 75mm was introduced during 1873 and served until the turn of the century but was already under threat as soon as 1875 for, during that year, the French Army was already committing to the newer, more powerful 95mm Lahitolle series. These went on to see combat service with French forces in World War 1 (1914-1918).


1 x 75mm gun barrel

Depedent upon ammunition carrier.

Variants / Models

• Reffye Gun Model 1873 - Base Series Name
• Canon de Campagne de 5 de Reffye modele 1873 - Long-form name.
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