MANUFACTURER(S): FMC Corporation - USA
OPERATORS: Canada; Netherlands
LENGTH: 15.09 feet (4.6 meters)
WIDTH: 7.87 feet (2.4 meters)
HEIGHT: 7.22 feet (2.2 meters)
WEIGHT: 10 Tons (8,775 kilograms; 19,346 pounds)
ENGINE: 1 x GMC Detroit Diesel 6V-53 6-cylinder diesel-fueled engine developing 215 horsepower.
SPEED: 44 miles-per-hour (71 kilometers-per-hour)
RANGE: 325 miles (523 kilometers)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Lynx CRV (M113-and-a-Half) Command and Reconnaissance Vehicle.
Entry last updated on 7/12/2014.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Lynx was an offshoot of the ubiquitous American M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) developed to serve in the command and reconnaissance roles. The new vehicle debuted in 1963 through FMC Corporation and utilized many of the sub-assemblies and components of the M113A1 model in a more compact offering. The fifth road wheel was deleted leaving just four to a hull side and the powerpack relocated from the front-right of the hull to the rear - this replacing the passenger cabin seen in the M113. A manually-operated M26 turret was added over the hull and featured the a primary armament of a single 0.50 caliber heavy machine gun for local defense. The crew was three - driver, commander, and observer/radio operator. Only the Netherlands and Canada ever accepted delivery of the Lynx with the Dutch taking on a stock of 250 units from 1966 on and the Canadians a stock of 174 units from 1968 on.
There proved some differences between the Lynxes fielded by the two nations. Dutch models utilized a crew arrangement which saw the driver at front-left and the radioman at front-right manning a 7.62mm machine gun and the commander at the center hull with the 0.50 caliber machine gun. All positions featured access hatches with vision blocks. Canadian versions retained the driver at front-left with the observer/radioman at rear-left (with 7.62mm machine gun on pintle mounting). The commander was then positioned at the 0.50 gun mount at midships offset to the right side of the hull. 1,155 x 0.50 caliber rounds stocked the primary machine gun and 2,000 x 7.62mm rounds fed the secondary machine gun. Dutch Lynxes were eventually up-gunned with a single, dual-feed 25mm Oerlikon KBA cannon in place of the heavy machine gun. 200 x 25mm projectiles were carried in an HE (High-Explosive) and APDS (Armor-Piercing, Discarding Sabot) mix. Canadian Lynxes were given up in 1993 with the arrival of the 8x8 wheeled Coyote series of armored vehicles.
As completed, the Lynx followed the same general profile as the preceding M113 marks. There was a shallow glacis plate and flat hull roof line. The side and back hull panels were vertical in their angles. Armor protection reached 32mm at the thickest facing and was of aluminum - same as the M113. Each track arrangement showcased four road wheels with a front-mounted drive sprocket and rear-set track idler. Light armor skirts protected the upper regions of the track sections. Smoke grenade launchers were fitted along the front hull panels in two banks of three launchers each. The vehicles were powered by a GMC Detroit Diesel 6V-53 6-cylinder diesel-fueled engine of 215 horsepower. The hulls sat atop a torsion bar suspension system. Operational ranges reached 325 miles with a maximum road speed of 44 miles per hour. As in the M113 design, the Lynx maintained an amphibious quality about her, though this required some preparation by the crew prior to water entry. Propulsion was through the motion of the tracks which yielded a top water-going speed of just 4 miles per hour.
Dimensions included a length of 4.6 meters, a width of 2.4 meters, and a height of 2.2 meters. Weight was 9.6 tons. In comparison, the original M113 was 4.8 meters long with a width of 2.7 meters and a height of 2.5 meters. Weight of these systems was 13.5 tons.
The Lynx was also known as the "M113-and-a-Half". It was contemplated by the U.S. Army but the decision was made to procure the compact M114 vehicle instead.