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ZPU-2

Twin-Barreled, Towed Anti-Aircraft (AA) Gun System

ZPU-2

Twin-Barreled, Towed Anti-Aircraft (AA) Gun System

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
OVERVIEW



The ZPU-2 is the two-barrel version of the ZPU anti-aircraft system.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Soviet Union
YEAR: 1949
MANUFACTURER(S): State Factories - Soviet Union / China / Poland
PRODUCTION: 20,000
OPERATORS: Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Bangladesh; Benin; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cambodia; Cameroon; Cape Verde; Chad; China; Republic of Congo; Croatia; Cuba; Egypt; Ethiopia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Iran; Iraq; Israel; North Korea; Laos; Libya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Malta; Mauritania; Mongolia; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Nicaragua; North Korea; Pakistan; Poland; Romania; Russia; Sao Tome and Principe; Seychelles; Sri Lanka; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; Syria; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Vietnam; Yugoslavia; Zambia; Zaire; Zimbabwe
National flag of Afghanistan
AFG
National flag of Albania
ALB
National flag of Algeria
ALG
National flag of Angola
ANG
National flag of Benin
BEN
National flag of Bulgaria
BUL
National flag of Cambodia
CAM
National flag of Cameroon
CMR
National flag of Cape Verde
CPV
National flag of Chad
CHA
National flag of China
CHN
National flag of Croatia
CRO
National flag of Cuba
CUB
National flag of Egypt
EGY
National flag of Ethiopia
ETH
National flag of Ghana
GHA
National flag of Guinea-Bissau
GBI
National flag of Iran
IRA
National flag of Iraq
IRQ
National flag of Israel
ISR
National flag of Laos
LAO
National flag of Libya
LIB
National flag of Madagascar
MDG
National flag of Malawi
MLW
National flag of Mali
MAL
National flag of Malta
MLT
National flag of Mauritania
MAR
National flag of Mongolia
MNG
National flag of Morocco
MOR
National flag of Mozambique
MOZ
National flag of Namibia
NAM
National flag of Nicaragua
NCR
National flag of North Korea
NKO
National flag of Pakistan
PAK
National flag of Poland
POL
National flag of Romania
ROM
National flag of Russia
RUS
National flag of Sao Tome and Principe
STP
National flag of Seychelles
SEY
National flag of South Africa
SAF
National flag of Sri Lanka
SRI
National flag of Sudan
SUD
National flag of Syria
SYR
National flag of Tanzania
TAN
National flag of Togo
TOG
National flag of Uganda
UGA
National flag of ; Vietnam
VTN
National flag of Yugoslavia
YGO
National flag of Zaire
ZAR
National flag of Zambia
ZAM
National flag of Zimbabwe
ZIM
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the ZPU-2 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 5
NBC PROTECTION: None.
NIGHTVISION: None.
ADVERTISEMENTS
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RANGE

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ARMAMENT



2 x 14.5mm heavy machine guns in side-by-side arrangement.

Ammunition:
2,400 x 14.5mm ammunition
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• ZPU-2 - Base Series Designation; twin-barreled version of the ZPU family of AA gun systems.
• Type 58 - Chinese-produced model of the ZPU-2
• PKM-2 - Polish-produced model of the ZPU-2


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the ZPU-2 Twin-Barreled, Towed Anti-Aircraft (AA) Gun System.  Entry last updated on 5/21/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Experience in World War 2 (1939-1945) led the Soviet Army to developing small, portable anti-aircraft gun systems centered around a suitable mounting with wheeled carried and an adequate rate-of-fire to combat the threat posed by low-flying aircraft and light-skinned vehicles. The "ZPU" line was born with design work stemming from 1945 and begat a family of similar-minded weapon systems led by the single-barreled ZPU-1, the twin-barreled ZPU-2 and the four-barreled ZPU-4. The first system entered service in 1949 and still sees combat service with many operators today (2014).

The ZPU-2 is the two-barreled form combining the firepower of two 14.7mm heavy machine guns fed from individual ammunition cassettes. The machine guns feature "quick-change" barrels to combat overheating and are managed through a basic action by a sole operator while the entire gunnery crew typically numbers five. The gun is connected to its mounting hardware to which then the entire system is affixed to a two-wheeled carriage assembly that allows the weapon to either be wheeled short distances by a crew or driven by mover vehicle to a new location. The twin-gun approach instantly doubles the effectiveness of the original ZPU-1 single-gun series and is not as complex or ammunition-hungry as the subsequent ZPU-4 models. The guns are cleared to fire standard Armor-Piercing Incendiary (API) projectiles, similar rounds with a Tungsten core (API-T) and Instant Incendiary (II) ammunition as required.

The weapon system sports a traveling weight around 2,200lbs and displays a weight of 1,400lbs when made ready to fire. The mounting system allows for an elevation range of +90 to -7 degrees allowing the guns to engage both land- and air-based targets. Traversal is a full 360-degree due to the wheeled nature of the carriage. The guns reach out to 16,400 feet against air targets (4,600 feet effective range) and out to 26,250 feet against ground targets. The carriage carries 2,400 rounds of 14.7mm ammunition.

ZPU-2 guns have seen combat actions in some of the most famous conflicts of the 20th Century including the Korean War (1950-1953), the Vietnam War (1955-1975) and the Persian Gulf War (1991). Due to its Soviet origins, the ZPU-2 has seen widespread sales and use by many Soviet-allied and aligned nations and states including Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Pakistan, and Vietnam.

The weapon was produced in China as the Type 58 and in Poland as the PKM-2. Local ammunition production also occurred in Bulgaria, China, Egypt, Poland and Romania.




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