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Twin-Barreled, Towed Anti-Aircraft (AA) Gun System

Armor / Land Systems

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Image courtesy of the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image courtesy of the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

The ZPU-2 is the two-barrel version of the ZPU anti-aircraft system.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/29/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
Experience in World War 2 (1939-1945) led the Soviet Army to developing small, portable anti-aircraft gun systems centered around a suitable mounting with wheeled carried and an adequate rate-of-fire to combat the threat posed by low-flying aircraft and light-skinned vehicles. The "ZPU" line was born with design work stemming from 1945 and begat a family of similar-minded weapon systems led by the single-barreled ZPU-1, the twin-barreled ZPU-2 and the four-barreled ZPU-4. The first system entered service in 1949 and still sees combat service with many operators today (2014).

The ZPU-2 is the two-barreled form combining the firepower of two 14.7mm heavy machine guns fed from individual ammunition cassettes. The machine guns feature "quick-change" barrels to combat overheating and are managed through a basic action by a sole operator while the entire gunnery crew typically numbers five. The gun is connected to its mounting hardware to which then the entire system is affixed to a two-wheeled carriage assembly that allows the weapon to either be wheeled short distances by a crew or driven by mover vehicle to a new location. The twin-gun approach instantly doubles the effectiveness of the original ZPU-1 single-gun series and is not as complex or ammunition-hungry as the subsequent ZPU-4 models. The guns are cleared to fire standard Armor-Piercing Incendiary (API) projectiles, similar rounds with a Tungsten core (API-T) and Instant Incendiary (II) ammunition as required.

The weapon system sports a traveling weight around 2,200lbs and displays a weight of 1,400lbs when made ready to fire. The mounting system allows for an elevation range of +90 to -7 degrees allowing the guns to engage both land- and air-based targets. Traversal is a full 360-degree due to the wheeled nature of the carriage. The guns reach out to 16,400 feet against air targets (4,600 feet effective range) and out to 26,250 feet against ground targets. The carriage carries 2,400 rounds of 14.7mm ammunition.

ZPU-2 guns have seen combat actions in some of the most famous conflicts of the 20th Century including the Korean War (1950-1953), the Vietnam War (1955-1975) and the Persian Gulf War (1991). Due to its Soviet origins, the ZPU-2 has seen widespread sales and use by many Soviet-allied and aligned nations and states including Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Pakistan, and Vietnam.

The weapon was produced in China as the Type 58 and in Poland as the PKM-2. Local ammunition production also occurred in Bulgaria, China, Egypt, Poland and Romania.


State Factories - Soviet Union / China / Poland
20,000 Units
National flag of Afghanistan National flag of Albania National flag of Algeria National flag of Angola National flag of Bangladesh National flag of Benin National flag of Bulgaria National flag of Burkina Faso National flag of Cambodia National flag of Cameroon National flag of Cape Verde National flag of Chad National flag of China National flag of Croatia National flag of Cuba National flag of Egypt National flag of Ethiopia National flag of Ghana National flag of Guinea-Bissau National flag of Iran National flag of Iraq National flag of Israel National flag of Laos National flag of Libya National flag of Madagascar National flag of Malawi National flag of Mali National flag of Malta National flag of Mauritania National flag of Mongolia National flag of Morocco National flag of Mozambique National flag of Namibia National flag of Nicaragua National flag of North Korea National flag of Pakistan National flag of Poland National flag of Romania National flag of Russia National flag of Sao Tome and Principe National flag of Seychelles National flag of South Africa National flag of Soviet Union National flag of Sri Lanka National flag of Sudan National flag of Syria National flag of Tanzania National flag of Togo National flag of Uganda National flag of ; Vietnam National flag of Yugoslavia National flag of Zaire National flag of Zambia National flag of Zimbabwe Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Bangladesh; Benin; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cambodia; Cameroon; Cape Verde; Chad; China; Republic of Congo; Croatia; Cuba; Egypt; Ethiopia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Iran; Iraq; Israel; North Korea; Laos; Libya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Malta; Mauritania; Mongolia; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Nicaragua; North Korea; Pakistan; Poland; Romania; Russia; Sao Tome and Principe; Seychelles; Sri Lanka; Somalia; South Africa; Soviet Union; Sudan; Syria; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Vietnam; Yugoslavia; Zambia; Zaire; Zimbabwe
- Anti-Aircraft / Airspace Denial
- Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
11.61 ft (3.54 m)
6.30 ft (1.92 m)
6.00 ft (1.83 m)
1 tons (639 kg; 1,409 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the ZPU-2 production model)
None. This is a towed-artillery piece.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the ZPU-2 production model)
Maximum Range:
5 miles (8 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the ZPU-2 production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
2 x 14.5mm heavy machine guns in side-by-side arrangement.

2,400 x 14.5mm ammunition
(Showcased armament details pertain to the ZPU-2 production model)
ZPU-2 - Base Series Designation; twin-barreled version of the ZPU family of AA gun systems.
Type 58 - Chinese-produced model of the ZPU-2.
PKM-2 - Polish-produced model of the ZPU-2.

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