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Type 90 (Kyu-maru)

Main Battle Tank (MBT)

Armor / Land Systems

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The Japanese Army Type 90 Main Battle Tank represents a respectable frontline combat system.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 2/24/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The Japanese-produced Type 90 Main Battle Tank is in service with the Japanese Self-Defense Force and features the German-designed Rheinmetall 120mm smooth-bore main gun (produced in Japan by Japan Steel Works under license) and a computerized Fire-Control System (FCS) by Mitsubishi Electric. Full-NBC protection is afforded to the crew with passive night vision equipment as well. Production of the system spanned from 1989 to 2009 to which 341 examples were completed in all.

The Type 90 MBT utilizes a conventional layout and arrangement with the engine in a rear compartment, the turret at center and the driver in the hull-front. Unlike other "Western" MBTs, the Type 90 utilizes only a crew of three (as opposed to four) made up of the driver, commander and gunner. Projectile-loading duties are then handled by an automated loading system - this arrangement more similar to Soviet-Russian designs. The Type 90 has full hunter-killer appropriations that allow for the tank to fire on-the-move with accuracy. Beyond the 120mm main gun is a 7.62mm Type 74 coaxial machine gun and a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun for aircraft defense. Smoke grenade dischargers allow the vehicle to disperse its own smoke screen to cover maneuvers - either offensive or defense in nature.
Power is supplied from a Mitsubishi 10ZG 10-cylinder diesel-fueled engine developing 1,500 horsepower at 2,400rpm. The Type 90 maintains a maximum road speed of 70kmh with an operational range out to 350 kilometers on internal fuel.

Overall, the rather expensive Type 90 MBT is generally viewed as on par with other main battle tanks of this class 50-ton class. The chassis supports several other battlefield guises including an engineering vehicle with dozer blade, a bridgelayer with scissors-type blade and Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) variant with powered winch system.


Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Tokyo - Japan
341 Units
National flag of Japan Japan
- Engineering
- Tank vs Tank
- Main Battle Tank (MBT)
- Frontline
31.99 ft (9.75 m)
11.25 ft (3.43 m)
7.68 ft (2.34 m)
55 tons (50,000 kg; 110,231 lb)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the Type 90 (Kyu-maru) production model)
1 x Mitsubishi 10ZG 10-cylinder water-cooled, 2-stroke, diesel-fueled engine developing 1,500 horsepower at 2,400rpm driving conventional track-and-wheel arrangement.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Type 90 (Kyu-maru) production model)
Maximum Speed:
43 mph (70 kph)
Maximum Range:
249 miles (400 km)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Type 90 (Kyu-maru) production model; Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 120mm main gun in turret.
1 x 7.62mm co-axial machine gun in turret.
1 x 12.7mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) on turret roof.
6 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers on turret.

35 x 120mm projectiles.
2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition.
1,500 x 12.7mm ammunition.
6 x smoke grenades.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Type 90 (Kyu-maru) production model)
Type 90 MBT ("Kyu-maru") - Base combat production tank.
Type 90 ARV - Armored Recovery Vehicle conversion variant.
Type 91 AVLB - Bridgelayer conversion variant.

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