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Carro Armato L3-35Lf (Lanciafiamme)

Mobile Flamethrower Tankette

The Carro Armato L3-35Lf was nothing more than the L3 series Italian tankette reworked into a flame-throwing tank.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 6/13/2017
National Flag Graphic


Year: 1940
Manufacturer(s): State Factories - Italy
Production: 50
Capabilities: Infantry Support; Tank vs Tank; Reconnaissance (RECCE); Support/Special Purpose;
Crew: 2
Length: 10.40 ft (3.17 m)
Width: 4.59 ft (1.4 m)
Height: 4.27 ft (1.3 m)
Weight: 5 tons (4,450 kg); 9,811 lb
Power: 1 x FIAT-SPA CV3 4-cylinder water-cooled engine developing 43 horsepower.
Speed: 25 mph (40 kph)
Range: 62 miles (100 km)
Operators: Kingdom of Italy
After a good showing of its man-portable backpack flamethrowers in Ethiopia, the Italian Army moved to expand the effectiveness of this lethal weapon. The system was revised some and enlarged to be installed in the existing Carro Armato L3/38 tankette series to produce the L3-35Lf (Lanciafiamme) mobile flamethrowing vehicle. The tankette retained its crew of two but one of the hull-mounted machine guns was replaced by the flame projector which was positioned offset to left in the upper hull superstructure (the driver sat right of the weapon). Behind the vehicle was a two-wheeled carriage (weighing 1,100lb) containing the necessary propellant stores for the weapon. A rigid arm joined the two components while a flexible hose was used to drive the propellant from trailer to tankette. The trailer was required as there proved little room within the vehicle itself to store the flammable contents.

In practice, the vehicles proved of limited value on the battlefields of World War 2 (1939-1945) as time wore on. Crew conditions were cramped and armor protection was light while no defensive armament was fitted. The projector held a range of about 25 yards and could fire a stream for 20 seconds total - further limiting any advantage the vehicle had. Regardless, the L3-35lf became the most widely used of all the Italian flame-projecting tanks available.

A revised form of the vehicle finally did away with the trailer and mounted a smaller fuel/propellant store atop the rear hull of the tankette.


1 x Flame projector.

20 seconds of fuel/propellant.

Variants / Models

• L3-35Lf (Lanciafiamme) - Base Series Designation
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