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WORLD WAR 1

Lloyd C.II


Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter (1915)


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The Lloyd C-series of biplanes was produced in three major reconnaissance versions - the C.II, C.III and C.IV.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/26/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Lloyd C.II was a reconnaissance biplane fielded by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War 1, with service of the type beginning in 1915. The C.II had a direct origin from the pre-war Lloyd C.I, an competition-winning, two-seat, reconnaissance biplane design of 1914 which, itself, borrowed from Lloyd's experiences in license-production of aircraft for the Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke (DFW) firm of Germany. At least 100 of the C.II were produced and made available in 1915 while its derivatives - the C.III and C.IV - saw production totals reach approximately 50 and 40 units respectively.

The C.II was of a mostly conventional biplane design and layout, with the powerplant situated to the front of a flat-faced plywood (covered in linen) fuselage dominated by an upper and lower wing assembly and tapering off into a traditional empennage. The aircraft reserved room for a pilot and an observer/rear gunner seated in a tandem open-air cockpit with the pilot in the forward area and the observer in the aft area. Wings were slightly swept-back and braced by parallel struts and applicable cabling. The upper and lower wing assemblies were staggered and of unequal span to one another. Armament was only made available to the crew after the start of hostilities in World War 1 and became just a single trainable 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun, this fitted to a half-circle mounting in the rear cockpit. Bombs were a part of the C.II's forte and could account for some offensive punch in the form of 200lbs of ordnance.

The Lloyd C.II saw combat service with the air forces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Poland. The Polish C.IIs were eventually captured and utilized for training by their captors. Some C.IIs eventually saw service past the war and up to 1920.

The C.II was powered by a single Hiero-type inline engine of 145 horsepower mounted in the front of the fuselage. Output from the powerplant allowed for a maximum speed of up to 80 miles per hour with a range of 250 miles. A service ceiling of 9,800 feet was possible and a rate-of-climb of 1,100 feet per minute was reported. The aircraft maintained a wingspan of 45 feet, 11 inches and an overall length of 29 feet, 6 inches.

The Lloyd C.II was produced in two major follow-up derivatives in the C.III and C.IV. The C.III, essentially an uprated (and slightly faster) C.II model, was fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine of 160 horsepower with a majority of the aircraft produced by WKF (43) while Lloyd itself handled limited production (at least 8 such systems). The C.IV was also fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine and given a greater wingspan (47 feet, 8 inches). A total of 48 C.IVs were delivered (one of these being a conversion model).

Specifications



Service Year
1915

Origin
Austria-Hungary national flag graphic
Austria-Hungary

Crew
2

Production
190
UNITS


Lloyd - Vienna / WKF - Vienna
National flag of Austria National flag of the Austro-Hungarian Empire National flag of Hungary National flag of Poland Austria-Hungary; Poland
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.


Length
29.5 ft
(9.00 m)
Width/Span
45.9 ft
(14.00 m)
Height
11.2 ft
(3.40 m)
Empty Wgt
1,995 lb
(905 kg)
MTOW
2,976 lb
(1,350 kg)
Wgt Diff
+981 lb
(+445 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Lloyd C.II production variant)
Installed: 1 x Hiero 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine developing 145 horsepower.
Max Speed
80 mph
(128 kph | 69 kts)
Ceiling
9,843 ft
(3,000 m | 2 mi)
Range
154 mi
(248 km | 459 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
1,100 ft/min
(335 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Lloyd C.II production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
STANDARD:
1 x 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun in rear cockpit (flexible mounting).

OPTIONAL:
Up to 200lb of external ordnance.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 2


C.II - Base Production Designation; fitted with Hiero engine; 100 examples produced.
C.III - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased top speed; 50 examples produced between Lloyd and WKF.
C.IV - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased wingspan; 40 examples produced.


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