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Lloyd C.II


Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter


Austria-Hungary | 1915



"The Lloyd C-series of biplanes was produced in three major reconnaissance versions - the C.II, C.III and C.IV."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/26/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Lloyd C.II was a reconnaissance biplane fielded by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War 1, with service of the type beginning in 1915. The C.II had a direct origin from the pre-war Lloyd C.I, an competition-winning, two-seat, reconnaissance biplane design of 1914 which, itself, borrowed from Lloyd's experiences in license-production of aircraft for the Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke (DFW) firm of Germany. At least 100 of the C.II were produced and made available in 1915 while its derivatives - the C.III and C.IV - saw production totals reach approximately 50 and 40 units respectively.

The C.II was of a mostly conventional biplane design and layout, with the powerplant situated to the front of a flat-faced plywood (covered in linen) fuselage dominated by an upper and lower wing assembly and tapering off into a traditional empennage. The aircraft reserved room for a pilot and an observer/rear gunner seated in a tandem open-air cockpit with the pilot in the forward area and the observer in the aft area. Wings were slightly swept-back and braced by parallel struts and applicable cabling. The upper and lower wing assemblies were staggered and of unequal span to one another. Armament was only made available to the crew after the start of hostilities in World War 1 and became just a single trainable 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun, this fitted to a half-circle mounting in the rear cockpit. Bombs were a part of the C.II's forte and could account for some offensive punch in the form of 200lbs of ordnance.

The Lloyd C.II saw combat service with the air forces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Poland. The Polish C.IIs were eventually captured and utilized for training by their captors. Some C.IIs eventually saw service past the war and up to 1920.

The C.II was powered by a single Hiero-type inline engine of 145 horsepower mounted in the front of the fuselage. Output from the powerplant allowed for a maximum speed of up to 80 miles per hour with a range of 250 miles. A service ceiling of 9,800 feet was possible and a rate-of-climb of 1,100 feet per minute was reported. The aircraft maintained a wingspan of 45 feet, 11 inches and an overall length of 29 feet, 6 inches.

The Lloyd C.II was produced in two major follow-up derivatives in the C.III and C.IV. The C.III, essentially an uprated (and slightly faster) C.II model, was fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine of 160 horsepower with a majority of the aircraft produced by WKF (43) while Lloyd itself handled limited production (at least 8 such systems). The C.IV was also fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine and given a greater wingspan (47 feet, 8 inches). A total of 48 C.IVs were delivered (one of these being a conversion model).

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter.
1 x Hiero 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine developing 145 horsepower.
Propulsion
80 mph
128 kph | 69 kts
Max Speed
9,843 ft
3,000 m | 2 miles
Service Ceiling
154 miles
248 km | 134 nm
Operational Range
1,100 ft/min
335 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
29.5 ft
9.00 m
O/A Length
45.9 ft
(14.00 m)
O/A Width
11.2 ft
(3.40 m)
O/A Height
1,995 lb
(905 kg)
Empty Weight
2,976 lb
(1,350 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter .
STANDARD:
1 x 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun in rear cockpit (flexible mounting).

OPTIONAL:
Up to 200lb of external ordnance.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Lloyd C.II family line.
C.II - Base Production Designation; fitted with Hiero engine; 100 examples produced.
C.III - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased top speed; 50 examples produced between Lloyd and WKF.
C.IV - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased wingspan; 40 examples produced.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Lloyd C.II. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 190 Units

Contractor(s): Lloyd - Vienna / WKF - Vienna
National flag of Austria National flag of the Austro-Hungarian Empire National flag of Hungary National flag of Poland

[ Austria-Hungary; Poland ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (80mph).

Graph Average of 75 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
190
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Lloyd C.II

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
RECONNAISSANCE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter appears in the following collections:
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