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Vultee A-35 Vengeance


Dive Bomber Aircraft


United States | 1941



"The Vultee A-35 Vengeance was delivered for the defense of France but the results there forced future orders to British hands via Lend-Lease."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/26/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The A-35 Vengeance was a dive bomber produced by the Vultee Aircraft Company and resulted in over a thousand examples being used by foreign forces under the Lend-Lease Act. Originally ordered for French use as the V-72, some 300 examples arrived before the fall of France. Subsequent examples were sent to Britain where they were utilized in some limited operational roles (in Burma) but were mostly relegated to target towing tugs for the Royal Air Force in Europe. This light combat use mostly came from the under-performing specifications that followed the aircraft, quite the underdog when taken up against its contemporaries. Additional users included Free French forces operating in North Africa, the Indian Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force.

The A-35 appeared very much the fundamental aircraft with a low-set monoplane wing and a single vertical tail surface. The fuselage was long, fitting in a Wright-powered R-2600 14-cylinder radial engine capable of 1,700 horsepower (A-35B). A battery of 6 x 12.7mm (.50 caliber) machine guns were mounting in the leading edges of the wings, three to a wing, and a single 12.7mm machine was positioned in a flexible mount rear cockpit position. The pilot sat in a glazed covered canopy area with the rear gunner in tandem. In the dive bombing role, the system could take on some 2,000lb of bombs.

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At its core, the A-35 was a further design of the preceding A-31 platform, developed at a time when the German Ju 87 Stuka (detailed elsewhere on this site) showed the world just how devastating dive bombers could be. Vultee produced about 99 A-35A models for the US Army and were followed by the improved A-35B model series at the 100th example and beyond. The A-35B came about due to the requirements of the Army for Vultee to fix several combat deficiencies in their initial production model. Changes and fixes included the expanding of the 4 x 12.7mm machine gun array in the wings to 6 x 12.7mm machine guns, a redesigned tail surface and modifications to the fuel system. Self-sealing fuel tanks were also implemented for added security, a practice now the norm at the height of World War 2.

Though evaluated and accepted by US military planners, the A-35 was never seriously used in combat with America forces, with the military seeing more value in light twin engine bombers already at play than with this dedicated dive bomber. As such, the A-35 was relegated to more menial roles when in service with the US Army, primarily as target tugs and trainers.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Vultee A-35 Mk IV Vengeance Dive Bomber Aircraft.
1 x Wright R-2600-13 14-cylinder radial engine developing 1,700 horsepower.
Propulsion
279 mph
449 kph | 242 kts
Max Speed
22,293 ft
6,795 m | 4 miles
Service Ceiling
1,400 miles
2,253 km | 1,217 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Vultee A-35 Mk IV Vengeance Dive Bomber Aircraft.
2
(MANNED)
Crew
39.8 ft
12.12 m
O/A Length
48.0 ft
(14.63 m)
O/A Width
15.3 ft
(4.67 m)
O/A Height
16,400 lb
(7,439 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Vultee A-35 Vengeance Dive Bomber Aircraft .
STANDARD:
6 x 12.7mm machine guns in wings
1 x 12.7mm machine gun in rear cockpit

OPTIONAL:
Up to 2,000lbs of bombs.

2 x 250lb bombs underwing
2 x 500lb bombs held in an internal bomb bay
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Vultee A-35 Vengeance family line.
A-31 - Initial Model Series Designation
V-72 - Original Order Model Designation for French purchase; 300 examples delivered.
Mk I - British designation for Lend-Lease initial Venegance aircraft production model order.
Mk II - British designation for Lend-lease Vengeance aircraft.
Mk III - Lend-Lease transfer models purchased by US for British usage.
Mk IV - "Improved" Vengeance of which 563 examples produced.
A-35 - "Improved" A-31
A-35A - Conversion models based on the A-35; 99 examples produced; 4 x 12.7mm machine guns in wings plus 1 x 12.7mm machine gun in flexible rear mount; fitted with Wright R-2600-19 Cyclone radial engine of 1,600hp.
A-35B - Improved A-35A model withredesigned tail surface, 12.7mm armament from 7.62mm armament and mechanical fuel pump system implemented.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Vultee A-35 Vengeance. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1,962 Units

Contractor(s): Vultee Aircraft - USA
National flag of Australia National flag of Brazil National flag of France National flag of India National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States

[ Australia; Brazil; France (Free French) India; United Kingdom; United States ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (279mph).

Graph Average of 225 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
1962
36183
44000
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
EarlyYrs
WWI
Interwar
WWII
ColdWar
Postwar
Modern
Future
1 / 1
Image of the Vultee A-35 Vengeance
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
GROUND ATTACK
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Vultee A-35 Vengeance Dive Bomber Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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