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Nieuport 27

Biplane Fighter Aircraft

France | 1917

"The Nieuport 27 was a continuation of the Nieuport 17 fighter line of 1916."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/15/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Nieuport Nie.27 (or simply Nieuport 27) was designed by Gustave Delage and became an advanced trainer and frontline fighter, serving with units of the Aeronautique Militaire of France, the Royal Flying Corps of Britain and the Corpo Aeronatico Militaire of Italy during World War 1. Service for the type began in 1917 with production handled by both Nieuport of France and Nieuport-Macchi of Italy. Despite it being categorized as a fighter, the aircraft was generally utilized as an advanced trainer for most of her war-time career. The design was, in essence, a continuation of the successful Nieuport 17 of 1916 attempting to build upon the successes of the former.

Design of the Nie.27 ran in line with the smattering of offerings found throughout World War 1. As a biplane fighter, the Nie-27 made use of a staggered and equal-span wing assembly with the upper surface area noticeably larger than that of the lower. The lower wings were connected to the lower fuselage just below and aft of the engine mount. The upper wing sat some distance above the engine mount and was braced to the upper forward fuselage via four main struts. The wings themselves were set between the engine and the cockpit when viewed in the profile and featured V-struts in a single-bay arrangement. Nie-27s were the last Nieuport fighters to feature this type of wing strut. The engine was fitted to the extreme forward portion of the fuselage complete with a curved cowling and powered a two-blade propeller. The pilot sat in an open-air cockpit with reasonably good views. The empennage was conventional and sported a single vertical tail fin with applicable horizontal planes, all with rounded edges. The undercarriage was fixed and featured two main landing gears and a simple skid at the base of the tail.

When armed, Nie.27s were fielded with Vickers (French and Italian Nie.27s) or Lewis machine guns (British Nie.27s). If a Vickers was used, a single machine gun was fitted to the forward fuselage over the engine compartment just forward of the pilot's windscreen and synchronized, via an interrupter gear, to fire through the spinning propeller blades. If a Lewis-type machine gun was utilized, the weapon was fitted to a special Foster Mount arranged atop the upper wing assembly. It was not uncommon to two machine guns on an Nie.27, though at the expense of some performance. Trainer Nie.27 mounts were unarmed.

General performance for the Nie.27 resulted in a maximum speed of 116 miles per hour with a service ceiling of approximately 18,200 feet. A rate-of-climb to 16,400 feet could be achieved in 22 minutes with an operational range of about 150 miles. Power was initially from a Le Rhone Rotary engine of 130 horsepower (as found on the Nie.24bis series) but this was oft-replaced in the trainer role by lower-rated 110- or 120-horsepower versions.

Most all Nieuport fighters still utilizing the "V-strut" wing supports were given up for good during the spring fighting of 1918, eventually replaced by more able-bodied types - such was the short-lived service life of the Nieu.27.

Operators of the aircraft included France, Italy, Japan, Poland, Russia (later overtaken by the new powered governing the now-Soviet Union), the United Kingdom, the United States and Uruguay. For the United Kingdom, the Nie.27 served with Nos. 1, 14, 17, 29, 40, 60, 67, 111, and 113 Squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps. Poland operation of the aircraft resulted in only a single example being procured. The United States fielded the aircraft as a training mount through the American Expeditionary Force as well as the later United States Army Air Service (1918).

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Nieuport 27 Biplane Fighter Aircraft.
1 x Le Rhone 9J rotary engine developing 130 horsepower.
115 mph
185 kph | 100 kts
Max Speed
18,209 ft
5,550 m | 3 miles
Service Ceiling
155 miles
250 km | 135 nm
Operational Range
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Nieuport 27 Biplane Fighter Aircraft.
19.2 ft
5.85 m
O/A Length
26.9 ft
(8.20 m)
O/A Width
7.9 ft
(2.42 m)
O/A Height
838 lb
(380 kg)
Empty Weight
1,290 lb
(585 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Nieuport 27 Biplane Fighter Aircraft .
1 x 7.7mm Vickers machine gun in fixed, forward-firing mounting on fuselage OR 1 x 7.7mm Lewis machine gun in fixed, forward firing position on Foster mounting over upper wing assembly (sometimes installed along with fuselage 7.7mm Vickers).
Notable series variants as part of the Nieuport 27 family line.
Nie.17 - Airframe on which the Nieuport 27 is developed from.
Nie.21 - Regarded as most successful of the Type 17 off-shoots; fitted with 80hp powerplant; enlarged ailerons.
Nie.23 - Fitted with either 80hp or 120hp engine; based off of the Type 17 but heavier weight.
Nie.24 - Training variant; featured circular-section fuselage construction; aerodynamic refinements throughout; fixed vertical fin assembly.
Nie.27 - Featured redesigned tailplane assembly; redesigned tail skid.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Nieuport 27. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 1,000 Units

Contractor(s): Societe Anonyme des Etablissements Nieuport - France / Nieuport-Macchi - Italy
National flag of Bulgaria National flag of France National flag of Greece National flag of Italy National flag of the Kingdom of Italy National flag of modern Japan National flag of Poland National flag of Russia National flag of Serbia National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Thailand National flag of Turkey National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States National flag of Uruguay National flag of Yugoslavia

[ Bulgaria; France; Greece; Kingdom of Italy; Japan; Poland; Imperial Russia; Serbia; Soviet Union; Thailand; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Yugoslavia ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 120mph
Lo: 60mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (115mph).

Graph Average of 90 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Production Comparison
Entry compared against Ilyushin IL-2 (military) and Cessna 172 (civilian) total production.
MACH Regime (Sonic)
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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Image of the Nieuport 27
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Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Nieuport 27 Biplane Fighter Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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