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Vickers Wellington

Medium Bomber Aircraft

United Kingdom | 1938

"The Vickers Wellington was the primary medium bomber of the Royal Air Force at the start of World War 2."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/19/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Vickers Wellington was the primary bomber of the Royal Air Force at the start of World War 2, serving up until late 1943 when it was relegated to second line roles. The Wellington saw production numbers exceed 11,400 and found its mark as a night bomber. Outlasting many of its 1930s-designed contemporaries, the Wellington proved a vital and successful additional to the Royal Air Force's offensive reach early in the war.

The Wellington was designed as early as 1932 to meet a RAF requirement for a medium-class, two-engined bomber. The resulting prototype first flew in 1936 and joined Bomber Command in production form for 1938 - in time for the opening phases of World War 2. Still utilizing construction and design technology that would prove obsolescent by the middle years of the war, the Wellington nonetheless soldiered on. The series would go on to be powered by a mix of Hercules, Pegasus and Merlin engines throughout her career, these powerplants mounted on the monoplane wings which straddled the streamlined fuselage. The whole crew complement reached up to six personnel. An internal bomb load capacity was limited to 4,500 lb of conventional drop ordnance while defensive armament became a mix of 7.7mm machine guns - two fitted to a forward turret, four at a rear turret, and an additional two machine guns mounted at beam (waist) positions. Despite the defensive-minded network of machine guns, this array was soon found to be inadequate as Wellingtons suffered from large defenseless angles about her design. As such, early daylight bombing raids proved disastrous for the type.

It would not be until the Wellington was featured as a night time bomber that the aircraft shined. Wellingtons would go on to form a powerful addition to Bomber Command plans going forward, the primary mission being to derail German war capabilities during hard-to-defend, low-light hours. As much as the Wellington progressed throughout its time in the war, it was nonetheless becoming outclassed by the addition of new bombers to the Allied cause along with new Axis fighters used in interception sorties. The Wellington would fly its last offensive mission in October of 1943. Even so the type would go on to serve in other forms such as that of maritime patrol - this version armed with two torpedoes and specialized equipment. Other Wellingtons served in the dedicated transport role, as crew trainers, and even as research platforms concerning development of turbojets.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Vickers Wellington Mk III Medium Bomber Aircraft.
2 x Bristol Hercules XI radial piston engines developing 1,500 horsepower each.
255 mph
411 kph | 222 kts
Max Speed
18,996 ft
5,790 m | 4 miles
Service Ceiling
1,540 miles
2,478 km | 1,338 nm
Operational Range
930 ft/min
283 m/min
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Vickers Wellington Mk III Medium Bomber Aircraft.
5 or 6
64.6 ft
19.68 m
O/A Length
86.2 ft
(26.26 m)
O/A Width
16.4 ft
(5.00 m)
O/A Height
18,971 lb
(8,605 kg)
Empty Weight
34,000 lb
(15,422 kg)
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Vickers Wellington Medium Bomber Aircraft .
2 x 7.7mm machine guns in nose turret
4 x 7.7mm machine guns in tail turret
2 x 7.7mm machine guns in beam positions

Up to 4,500 lb of internally-held conventional drop bombs.
Notable series variants as part of the Vickers Wellington family line.
Mk I - Initial Production Model Series; fitted with Pegasus radial engines.
Mk IA - Fitted with Nash & Thompson type nose and tail turrets.
Mk IC - Ventral turret replaced by lateral position guns.
Mk II - Fitted with Merlin powerplants.
Mk III - Fitted with either Hercules III or Hercules XI type powerplants.
Mk IV - Fitted with Twin Wasp powerplants.
Mk V - Pressurized cabins for high-altitude operation; fitted with Hercules powerplant; did not see combat service.
Mk VI - Pressurized cabins for high-altitude operation; fitted with Merlin powerplant; did not see combat service.
Mk X - Fitted with Hercules XVIII; final production version of bomber type; last flown in 1943.
DW.Mk I - Maritime Variant; anti-mine equipment
DW.Mk IC - Dedicated Mine Layer
GR.Mk VIII - Fitted with ASV radar system and Pegasus powerplant.
GR.Mk XI - Torpedo Bomber; fitted with Hercules engines.
GR.Mk XII - Torpedo Bomber; fitted with Hercules engines.
GR.Mk XIV - Torpedo Bomber; fitted with Hercules engines.
T.Mk XVII - Trainer Variant
T.Mk XVIII - Trainer Variant
C.Mk XV - Transport Conversion Models of the Mk IC model.
C.Mk XVI - Transport Conversion Models of the Mk IC model.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Vickers Wellington. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 11,461 Units

Contractor(s): Vickers - UK
National flag of Australia National flag of Canada National flag of Czechia National flag of France National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany National flag of Greece National flag of New Zealand National flag of Poland National flag of Portugal National flag of South Africa National flag of the United Kingdom

[ Australia; Canada; Czechoslovakia; France (Free French); Nazi Germany; Greece; New Zealand; Poland; Portugal; South Africa; United Kingdom ]
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Image of the Vickers Wellington

Going Further...
The Vickers Wellington Medium Bomber Aircraft appears in the following collections:
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