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WORLD WAR 1

Euler D.II


Biplane Fighter Aircraft (1917)


Aviation / Aerospace

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Image from the Public Domain.

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Only thirty or so Euler D.II biplane fighters were built due to slow production and the end of World War 1 in 1918.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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Success during the fighting of World War 1 (1914-1918) often meant that tactics and technology were often mimicked by the other side. This proved the case with the various technical implementations seen in both camps, particularly concerning the air war. Case-in-point was the successful French-made Nieuport 11 "fighting scout", a single-gunned, single-seat biplane which helped to turn the tide of the air war back in favor of the Allies during 1916. To potentially mimic the success of this enemy platform, German authorities called on local industry to reproduce this machine and the best representation to arise from this endeavor came in the form of the Euler D.I.

The D.I did not prove an outright success and suffered through a development period that saw only two hit the Front in a training role before the end of 1916. Flight trials were only had in early-1917 and fifty were ordered before another fifty were added. With an engine change to produce the D.II fighting standard, the latter fifty-strong order was converted to cover these newer, potentially better-performing machines.

Between the two marks, the airframe was left largely intact with the defining feature being a switch from the earlier Oberursel U.O. 7-cylinder rotary of 80 horsepower to the more potent Oberursel U.I. 7-cylinder rotary of 100 horsepower. The engine was still being used to drive a two-bladed wooden propeller at the nose and performance included a maximum speed of 90 miles per hour (slightly faster than the original D.I model) and an increase to the aircraft's rate-of-climb.

Armament remained a single 7.92mm machine gun in a fixed, forward-firing mounting over the nose, synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.

In March of 1917, German authorities placed an order for thirty of the type to be featured in the fighting. However, production of these machines ultimately proved slow under wartime conditions and the first forms were not delivered until December. Overtaken by other mounts, the D.II was used strictly in the fighter training role and little more was had from the line. The war ended with the Armistice of November 1918.

Specifications



Service Year
1917

Origin
Imperial Germany national flag graphic
Imperial Germany

Status
RETIRED
Not in Service.
Crew
1

Production
30
UNITS


Euler-Werke - German Empire
National flag of the German Empire German Empire
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.


Length
19.5 ft
(5.95 m)
Width/Span
24.4 ft
(7.45 m)
Height
9.0 ft
(2.75 m)
Empty Wgt
838 lb
(380 kg)
MTOW
1,356 lb
(615 kg)
Wgt Diff
+518 lb
(+235 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Euler D.II production variant)
Installed: 1 x Oberursel U.I. 7-cylinder rotary piston engine developing 100 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
Max Speed
90 mph
(145 kph | 78 kts)
Range
134 mi
(215 km | 398 nm)
Rate-of-Climb
700 ft/min
(213 m/min)


♦ MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030


(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base Euler D.II production variant. Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database. View aircraft by powerplant type)
1 x 7.92mm machine gun in fixed, forward-firing mounting over the nose and synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun


(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)
Hardpoint Mountings: 0


D.II - Base Series Designation.


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