×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Scale (2024) Special Forces

PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)


Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Transport Aircraft


Poland | 1993



"The PZL M.28 Skytruck has proven itself a modest success on the world market."

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the PZL M.28 Skytruck Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Transport Aircraft.
2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-65B turboprop engines developing 1,100 horsepower each and driving five-bladed propeller units.
Propulsion
221 mph
355 kph | 192 kts
Max Speed
25,000 ft
7,620 m | 5 miles
Service Ceiling
932 miles
1,500 km | 810 nm
Operational Range
2,165 ft/min
660 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the PZL M.28 Skytruck Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Transport Aircraft.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
43.0 ft
13.10 m
O/A Length
72.3 ft
(22.05 m)
O/A Width
16.1 ft
(4.90 m)
O/A Height
9,039 lb
(4,100 kg)
Empty Weight
16,535 lb
(7,500 kg)
MTOW
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28) family line.
M.28 Skytruck - Base Series Designation
An-28 - Original license-production Antonov aircraft by PZL; PZL-10S engines.
An-28TD - Base military transport variant
M.28B - Improved military transport
M.28B Bryza - Military transport
M.28B Bryza 1R - Maritime patroller and reconnaissance.
M.28B Bryza 1E - Maritime patroller and reconnaissance.
M.28B bryza 1RM bis - Maritime patroller and reconnaissance with submarine hunting equipment.
M.28.05 Skytruck - Maritime patroller with Search and Rescue capability.
M.28+ Skytruck Plus - Proposed lengthened fuselage form.
C-145A - USAF special forces variant
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/13/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

In 1986, Ukrainian aircraft concern Antonov (then part of the Soviet Union) introduced to market the Antonov An-28, a light-class, twin-engined turboprop transport aircraft. One-hundred ninety-one were ultimately built in four major versions and both civilian and military operators took notice - from Armenia and Angola to the Venezuela and Vietnam. Among the list of operators became Poland and the country eventually took on local, licensed production of the series which led to a locally-refined model as the M.28 "Skytruck" by PZL Mielec.

The original Antonov An-28 was recorded a first-flight on July 22nd, 1984 and early production models still carried 2 x PZL-10S turboprop engines (the TVD-10B series under license) driving three-bladed propeller units as well as the An-28 designation.

At the core of the An.28's success was its high-wing arrangement which added natural lifting properties and improved on short-field operations. A rugged understructure and reinforced undercarriage also gave good rough-field operation. Beyond this, the An.28 was given a relatively compact footprint as transports go and held a deep fuselage with raised empennage to facilitate cargo movement into, out of, and around the aircraft. It was these qualities that have allowed the aircraft to continually find favor with civilian and military groups including special forces outfits around the world.

In addition to the stated, the aircraft also sported excellent handling and a rear cargo door allows for unfettered access to the hold within the fuselage. The interior could also be converted to suit various roles including passenger hauling. An anti-stall feature was also built-in.

After the fall of the Soviet Empire in 1991, PZL was free to maximum the An-28 for Western customers and took to installing a Western avionics fit, Western instrumentation and Pratt & Whitney Canada turboprop engines. The aircraft now flew with 2 x PT6A-65B engines of 1,100 horsepower and these drove five-bladed Hartzell propeller units. It is in this guise that the An-28 became the PZL M.28 "Skytruck" and achieved a first-flight on July 24th, 1993. Certification followed in March of 1996.

The M.28 seats a crew of two and can fit an additional nineteen passengers with a properly-equipped cabin. Its payload capability is 5,070lb. Overall length of the aircraft is 42.11 feet with a wingspan of 72.4 feet and a height of 16 feet. Empty weight is 9,310lb against an MTOW of 16,535lb. Power is from 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-65B turboprop engines rated at 1,100 horsepower each. Performance specs include a maximum speed of 220 miles per hour, a cruise speed of 170 mph, a range out to 930 miles and a service ceiling up to 25,000 feet. Rate-of-climb is 2,165 feet-per-minute.

The modern Polish Air Force and Navy services use a militarized form of the M.28 as the M.28B "Bryza" ("Sea Breeze"). These fly with 2 x PZL-10S series engines. Other Polish variants include the An.28TD basic transport, the M.28B improved model, the M.28B Bryza 1R maritime patroller, the M.28B Bryza 1E maritime ecological reconnaissance patroller, the M.28B Bryza 1RM bis maritime patroller (with submarine hunting functionality) and the M.28 05 Skytruck for the maritime patrol and Search and Rescue (SAR) roles.

The United States Air Force (Special Operations Warfare Center) is perhaps the most notable foreign Skytruck operator and fields their fleet (of sixteen aircraft) with 2 x Pratt & Whitney PT6A-65B turboprop engines. The type, designated locally as the "C-145A", is used in special mission roles but the line is being phased out as of this writing (some eleven are in storage as of 2017). C-145As has operated in the Afghanistan Theater of War.

The M.28+ "Skytruck Plus" is a proposed, extended fuselage model which has not been adopted.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

September 2018 - PZL Mielec, owned by Sikorsky (which in turn is owned by Lockheed Martin), delivered a single M.28 aircraft to the Ecuadorian Army.

Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 176 Units

Contractor(s): PZL Mielec - Poland / Sikorsky (Lockheed Martin) - USA / Antonov - Ukraine
National flag of Indonesia National flag of Jordan National flag of Poland National flag of the United States National flag of Vietnam National flag of Venezuela

[ Guyana; Indonesia; Jordan; Nepal; Poland; Suriname; United States; Venezuela; Vietnam ]
1 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
2 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
3 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
4 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
5 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
6 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
7 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
8 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
9 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.
10 / 10
Image of the PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28)
Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS imagery database.

Going Further...
The PZL M.28 Skytruck (An-28) Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Transport Aircraft appears in the following collections:
HOME
AVIATION INDEX
AIRCRAFT BY COUNTRY
AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE AIRCRAFT
AIRCRAFT BY CONFLICT
AIRCRAFT BY TYPE
AIRCRAFT BY DECADE
MODERN AIRCRAFT
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks of the World U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols Breakdown U.S. 5-Star Generals List WWII Weapons by Country World War Next

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)