In the mid-1920s, the British Air Ministry, on behalf of the Fleet Air Arm (FAA), drew up a new requirement in "Specification 22/26" calling for a twin-seat, carrier-based reconnaissance aircraft. Fairey Aviation Company was one of the respondents with what became their Fairey "Fleetwing" biplane product. The aircraft competed unsuccessfully against the Hawker "Osprey" for the specification and this resulted in just one aircraft being completed.
Design of the Fleetwing is attributed to Marcel Lobelle.
The Fleetwing utilized a traditional biplane wing arrangement but its upper element was considerably larger than the lower. "N-style" struts were used to connect the two planes outboard of the fuselage. The crew of two was seated in tandem in separate cockpits with the pilot located aft / under the upper wing section. The engine was set within a streamlined nose section and the tail utilized a traditional arrangement. The undercarriage was fixed and only the two main legs were wheeled. Dimensions included a length of 29.3 feet, a height of 11.4 feet and a wingspan of 37 feet. Gross weight was 4,740lb. Power was from a single Rolls-Royce F.XI "Kestrel I" series water-cooled inline engine outputting 480 horsepower. This drove a two-bladed propeller at the nose.
A product of its time, construction of the aircraft was mixed, involving wood, canvas and metal. Other consistent qualities were its "tail-dragger", fixed undercarriage and open-air cockpits.
Proposed armament was a 7.7mm Vickers machine gun in a fixed, forward-firing fuselage position (portside, synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades) along with a 7.7mm Lewis Machine Gun on a specialized mounting in the rear cockpit. 4 x 20lb bombs could be carried under the portside wing for light bombing duties.
The prototype Fleetwing went airborne for the first time on May 16th, 1929. The following month, the FAA conducted its deck trials leading to the Fleetwing being fitted with all-metal wing mainplanes as well as the Rolls-Royce "Kestrel IIMS" water-cooled supercharged series engine of 600 horsepower. Additional trials were held in October of 1929 which led to the Hawker product (a navalized version of the Hawker Hart) being selected ahead of the Fleetwing.
As built, the Fleetwing recorded a maximum speed of 169 miles-per-hour and held a rate-of-climb of 1,190 feet-per-minute.
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
✓Air-to-Air Combat, Fighter
General ability to actively engage other aircraft of similar form and function, typically through guns, missiles, and/or aerial rockets.
✓Ground Attack (Bombing, Strafing)
Ability to conduct aerial bombing of ground targets by way of (but not limited to) guns, bombs, missiles, rockets, and the like.
✓Maritime / Navy
Land-based or shipborne capability for operating over-water in various maritime-related roles while supported by allied naval surface elements.
✓Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR), Scout
Surveil ground targets / target areas to assess environmental threat levels, enemy strength, or enemy movement.
✓X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)
Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.
29.4 ft (8.95 m)
37.0 ft (11.28 m)
11.4 ft (3.48 m)
3,307 lb (1,500 kg)
4,740 lb (2,150 kg)
+1,433 lb (+650 kg)
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base Fairey Fleetwing production variant)
1 x Rolls-Royce Kestrel IIMS V-12 water-cooled supercharged inline engine developing 600 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller at the nose.
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