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Focke-Wulf Projekt II


Jet-Powered Fighter Proposal


Nazi Germany | 1943



"The Focke-Wulf Projekt II jet-powered fighter emerged from designer Kurt Tank during World War 2 as a design study and nothing more."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/26/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Famous German aviation engineer Kurt Tank (designer of the Fw 190 and Ta 153 fighters) fleshed out the Project II ("P.2") as another possible solution for a Luftwaffe single-seat, single-engine jet-powered fighter. The design appeared in June of 1943 and was of a sleek appearance with well-contoured surfaces and elegant lines. As with so many other mid-to-late war German jet fighter projects, the P.2 did not make it past the drawing board.

Tank elected for a mid-mounted wing design which showcased sweepback only along the leading wing edges. The cockpit was situated well-forward of midships and under a two-piece canopy providing the pilot with excellent vision of the upcoming terrain and allowing for a short nosecone assembly to be used. Two large fuel tanks were fitted directly aft of the cockpit, producing a raised dorsal spine which limited vision to the rear of the aircraft. The fuselage was of a rounded shape and tapered at the rear to form the tail unit. This assembly featured a single, rounded vertical fin and low-mounted horizontal planes. Unlike other jet fighter proposals of the period, the P.2 fitted its sole turbojet installation under the fuselage in an effort to provide better access to the system for service and repairs by ground crew. The engine of choice was to be the Junkers Jumo 004B/C turbojet, the same as fitted in the Messerschmitt 262 "Schwalbe" - the world's first operational jet fighter. The undercarriage was of a very modern approach, being tricycle in its general arrangement and fully retractable.

Proposed armament for the P.2 was 2 x 30mm MK 103 or MK 108 series cannons mounted under the cockpit floor, the barrels protruding slightly from the forward fuselage sides. 20mm MG 151/20 cannons would have been set in each wingroot (one gun per position).

Estimated performance specifications included a maximum speed of 528 miles per hour, a range out to 400 miles, and a service ceiling of 40,680 feet. Dimensions included a running length of 9.85 meters, a wingspan of 9.7 meters, and a height of 4.4 meters.

There was some criticism of the P.2 design, particularly in the placement of the engine under the fuselage. There were concerns of the drag imposed on the aircraft as well as the nose landing gear creating a disruption of airflow during landing and take-off actions. Additionally, there would always be the threat of such a low intake opening ingesting random airfield debris, damaging the engine and perhaps rendering it powerless. If the pilot was indeed forced to land the aircraft, especially without use of the undercarriage, the engine presented a unique and awkward challenge when attempting to land the P.2 on its belly. In most cases, this would have meant a total loss of the engine - a rather priceless commodity in resource-strapped Germany.

All of these critiques, however, proved moot for the P.2 was never to see the light of day, ending as just another in the long line of forgotten or overlooked wartime Luftwaffe ventures.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one aircraft design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Focke-Wulf Projekt II Jet-Powered Fighter Proposal.
1 x Junkers Jumo 004B turbojet engine developing 1,965 lb of thrust.
Propulsion
513 mph
825 kph | 445 kts
Max Speed
40,682 ft
12,400 m | 8 miles
Service Ceiling
398 miles
640 km | 346 nm
Operational Range
4,000 ft/min
1,219 m/min
Rate-of-Climb
City-to-City Ranges
Operational range when compared to distances between major cities (in KM).
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Structure
The nose-to-tail, wingtip-to-wingtip physical qualities of the Focke-Wulf Projekt II Jet-Powered Fighter Proposal.
1
(MANNED)
Crew
32.3 ft
9.85 m
O/A Length
31.8 ft
(9.70 m)
O/A Width
5,313 lb
(2,410 kg)
Empty Weight
7,385 lb
(3,350 kg)
MTOW
Design Balance
The three qualities reflected below are altitude, speed, and range. The more full the box, the more balanced the design.
RANGE
ALT
SPEED
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Focke-Wulf Projekt II Jet-Powered Fighter Proposal .
PROPOSED:
2 x 30mm MK 103 OR MK 108 cannons in forward fuselage.
2 x 20mm MG 151 cannons in the wing roots (one gun per wingroot).
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Focke-Wulf Projekt II family line.
Projekt II - Base Project Name
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Focke-Wulf Projekt II. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national aircraft listing.

Total Production: 0 Units

Contractor(s): Focke-Wulf - Nazi Germany
National flag of modern Germany National flag of Nazi Germany

[ Nazi Germany ]
Relative Max Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
Aircraft Max Listed Speed (513mph).

Graph Average of 563 MPH.
Era Crossover
Pie graph section
Showcasing Aircraft Era Crossover (if any)
Max Alt Visualization
Small airplane graphic
MACH Regime (Sonic)
Sub
Trans
Super
Hyper
HiHyper
ReEntry
RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030
Aviation Timeline
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WWII
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Future
1 / 1
Image of the Focke-Wulf Projekt II
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to airborne requirements.
AIR-TO-AIR COMBAT
X-PLANE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Focke-Wulf Projekt II Jet-Powered Fighter Proposal appears in the following collections:
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