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Fokker T.V

Netherlands (1938)
Picture of Fokker T.V Medium Bomber / Bomber Interceptor

The few examples of the Fokker T.V available at the time of the German invasion of The Netherlands saw little success in combat.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Fokker T.V Medium Bomber / Bomber Interceptor.  Entry last updated on 4/27/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Originating on German soil prior to World War 1 (1914-1918), Fokker delivered several famous fighter types for the German Empire during the Great War. In 1919, the concern moved operations to neighboring Netherlands to begin anew. In the run up to World War 2 (1939-1945), the company put forth a variety of aircraft now mostly lost to history. Once such development became the T.V bomber/bomber destroyer which attracted the interest of the Netherlands Army Air Force amidst rising tensions to the East.

Origins of the T.V lay in the early part of the 1930s when rumors of possible renewed war in Europe threatened daily goings on. Joining another promising Dutch design already in motion, the fighter-minded Fokker D.XXI monoplane, the T.V bomber was being pushed from within the ranks of the Netherlands Army Air Force itself. Fokker unveiled what was, for the time, a largely modern monoplane bomber with a crew numbering five to include two pilots, a bombardier, navigator, radioman/gunner and dedicated gunner. The aircraft fielded a length of 60.5 feet long, a wingspan of 68.9 feet and a height of 13.8 feet.

With its twin Bristol Pegasus XXVI air-cooled radial piston engines developing 926 horsepower each, the aircraft could manage a top speed of 260 miles per hour, a cruising speed of 205 miles per hour, a range of 960 miles and a service ceiling nearing 16,400 feet. Offense was by way of a single 20mm Solothurn S-18/100 cannon in the nose to help combat incoming enemy bombers while defense was provided through 4 x 7.9mm Browning machine guns in dorsal, ventral, beam and tail positions. The listed bomb load was 2,200lbs for when the aircraft was used in the traditional bombing role. For overall construction, Fokker returned to their tried-and-proven wood-and-steel formula, this at a time when powers of the world were moving towards all-metal designs promising improved survivability and in-the-field robustness. It is noteworthy that the fuel tanks were not self-sealing. Coupled to the airframes largely wooden make-up, this proved disastrous in actual combat.
Despite a procurement contract already signed in December of 1936, the initial finalized airframe did not take flight until October 16th, 1937. The design resulted in a smooth aircraft with good handling qualities and sound armament. However, the bomber destroyer aspect was reduced to the point that the aircraft was more and more considered a traditional medium-class bomber platform instead. Initial deliveries followed in 1938 and into 1939 though, by this time, there proved nagging reliability issues with the powerplants. The issues were so apparent that the aircraft was only limited to the initial batch of the sixteen requested as the Netherlands government attempted to move on securing twin-engined Dornier Do 215 light bomber airframes from Germany itself - its soon-to-be enemy. However, this endeavor fell to naught when Germany invaded the Low Countries during the beginning phases of World War 2 in Western Europe - the invasion beginning on May 10th, 1940. This, no doubt, eliminated the prospect of securing the Do 215 bombers.

During the invasion thrusts, Netherlands forces fought a valiant campaign to retain their sovereignty alongside Belgium, Luxembourg and - ultimately, France. The existing T.V bombers were pressed into action and known to have been used directly against German forces at both The Hague and at Rotterdam. However, the T.V's fared rather poorly on the whole and useful numbers quickly dwindled after just a few short days of combat. Beyond their unreliable engines, the aircraft were prone to catching fire due to their base construction and unsecured fuel stores. All T.V bombers were therefore out of action by the end of the invasion on May 17th - resulting in a decisive German victory and paving the way to Paris, France. The German force numbered some 750,000 men against the Dutch defense of 280,000 - 22 divisions versus 9.

Such ended the story of the Fokker T.V in the grand scope of World War 2.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (259mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Fokker T.V's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
16
16


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Origin: Netherlands
Year: 1938
Type: Medium Bomber / Bomber Interceptor
Manufacturer(s): Fokker - Netherlands
Production: 16
Global Operators:
Netherlands
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Fokker T.V model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
5


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
52.49 ft


Meters
16 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
68.90 ft


Meters
21 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
13.78 ft


Meters
4.2 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
10,251 lb


Kilograms
4,650 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
16,865 lb


Kilograms
7,650 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Bristol Pegasus XXVI air-cooled radial piston engines developing 925 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
259 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
417 kph


Knots
225 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
963 mi


Kilometers
1,550 km


Nautical Miles
837 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
28,051 ft


Meters
8,550 m


Miles
5.31 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
1,261 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
384 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

STANDARD:
1 x 20mm Solothurn S-18/100 in nose
1 x 7.9mm machine gun in dorsal fuselage position.
1 x 7.9mm machine gun in ventral fuselage position.
2 x 7.9mm machine gun in fuselage beam positions
1 x 7.9mm machine gun in tail position

OPTIONAL:
Up to 2,200lbs of bombs
Variants: Series Model Variants
• T.V - Base Series Designation; 16 examples produced.