Airbus Helicopters X3 (X Cubed)
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The compound Eurocopter X3 helicopter development combines a traditional mast-mounted main rotor with side-mounted propeller units.
Detailing the development and operational history of the Airbus Helicopters X3 (X Cubed) Experimental Compound Helicopter. Entry last updated on 5/8/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The overall design of the X3 features pleasing and well-contoured lines from nose to tail. As in the EC155, the X3 sports a finely sharpened nose assembly with the two-person cockpit just aft. A passenger compartment is located directly behind the cockpit seats. The main powerplant is fitted within the engine compartment mounted atop the fuselage. The twin engine arrangement powers the main rotor installation as well as a pair of propeller-based systems and there is no conventional tail rotor as seen on contemporary helicopters (the portside propeller spins at less RPMs than the starboard mounting, countering the inherent torque effect from the main rotor). As such, energy is not wasted along a long shaft to the tail rotor but instead added to the forward speed output. The empennage is smooth and rounded to the extreme aft end to which a pair of horizontal fins are affixed. The undercarriage is completely retractable.
Power for the X3 comes from the 2 x Rolls-Royce Turbomeca RTM322 series turboshaft engines each delivering 2,270 shaft horsepower. These powerplants rotate a five-bladed main rotor atop the fuselage as well as a pair of five-bladed tractor propeller systems fitted to wingstubs along the fuselage sides. Cruise speed is expected to be in the vicinity of 252 miles per hour. A service ceiling of 12,500 feet is estimated.
Only a single prototype form of the X3 has been completed. Some sources state that EADS intends the X3 to be a true production-ready helicopter and not a technology demonstrator or "proof of concept" design. Only time will tell for sure.
In 2014, the sole X-3 example was given to the Musee de l'Air for display.
Any available statistics for the Airbus Helicopters X3 (X Cubed) Experimental Compound Helicopter are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).
Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (253mph).
Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.