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Aero A.12

Czechoslovakia (1923)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Aero A.12 Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 4/11/2018; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Aero A.12  
Picture of Aero A.12 Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft

The Aero A.12 emerged as a post-World War 1 aircraft design utilizing experience garnered in The Great War and replaced the successful Aero A.11.

The Aero A.12 was designed specifically to succeed the company's previous biplane effort - the A.11. The A.11 appeared in the early 1920s and was produced in some 440 examples to be operated by the air arms of both Czechoslovakia and Finland. The type was of a basic design, featuring a biplane wing assembly and tandem seating for the pilot and observer/rear gunner with a front-mounted engine. The A.11 saw production during World War 1 and in the years following. The A.12 was essentially a improved form fulfilling the same functional roles of reconnaissance and light bombing. Production of the type was limited in a world that was still reeling and recovering from the First World War. Production figures below are estimated.

Externally, the A.12 mimicked much of the lines found on the A.11. The biplane wings were of uneven span with single bays. The engine - an air-cooled radial piston powerplant - was fitted to a front compartment and powered a two-bladed wooden propeller set low in the nose. The fuselage was slab-sided with curved edges making the A.12 a rather clean design. The pilot saw in an open-air position just below the upper wing assembly and aft of the engine. To his rear was the circular, open-air position for the rear observer, machine gunner. A ring mount was provided to hold a trainable .303 inch Lewis type machine gun or two. The pilow managed a single .303 inch Vickers machine gun in a fixed, forward-firing emplacement. All told, this provided the A.12 with enough offensive and defensive prowess for the time. Light bombs could be affixed under the wings for the light bombing role. The undercarriage of a typical design for the time, made up of two main landing gear wheels supported by multiple struts under the center portion of the wingspan - helping to displace the overall weight of the aircraft when at rest. The tail section was supported along the ground by a simple tail skid. The empennage was conventional, featuring a single, rounded vertical tail fin and a pair of applicable horizontal planes.
Any available statistics for the Aero A.12 Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).
Aero A.12 Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Year: 1923
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Type: Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Aero Vodochody - Czechoslovakia
Production: 100
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 2
Length: 27.23 ft (8.3 m)
Width: 41.99 ft (12.80 m)
Height: 10.17 ft (3.10 m)
Empty Weight: 2,381 lb (1,080 kg)
MTOW: 3,389 lb (1,537 kg)

Installed Power
1 x Air-cooled radial piston engine.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 125 mph (201 kph; 109 kts)
Maximum Range: 472 mi (760 km; 410 nm)
Service Ceiling: 24,606 ft (7,500 m; 4.66 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 683 ft/min (208 m/min)

1 x .303 caliber Vickers machine gun in forward-fixed mount.
1 OR 2 x .303 caliber Lewis machine guns in rear trainable cockpit mount.

Unknown external ordnance load.

Operators List

Series Model Variants
• A.12 - Base Series Designation

Supported Weapon Systems
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun