STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Aero Vodochody - Czechoslovakia
LENGTH: 27.23 feet (8.3 meters)
WIDTH: 41.99 feet (12.8 meters)
HEIGHT: 10.17 feet (3.1 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 2,381 pounds (1,080 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 3,389 pounds (1,537 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Air-cooled radial piston engine.
SPEED (MAX): 125 miles-per-hour (201 kilometers-per-hour; 109 knots)
RANGE: 472 miles (760 kilometers; 410 nautical miles)
CEILING: 24,606 feet (7,500 meters; 4.66 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 683 feet-per-minute (208 meters-per-minute)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Aero A.12 Light Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft.
Entry last updated on 4/11/2018.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Aero A.12 was designed specifically to succeed the company's previous biplane effort - the A.11. The A.11 appeared in the early 1920s and was produced in some 440 examples to be operated by the air arms of both Czechoslovakia and Finland. The type was of a basic design, featuring a biplane wing assembly and tandem seating for the pilot and observer/rear gunner with a front-mounted engine. The A.11 saw production during World War 1 and in the years following. The A.12 was essentially a improved form fulfilling the same functional roles of reconnaissance and light bombing. Production of the type was limited in a world that was still reeling and recovering from the First World War. Production figures below are estimated.
Externally, the A.12 mimicked much of the lines found on the A.11. The biplane wings were of uneven span with single bays. The engine - an air-cooled radial piston powerplant - was fitted to a front compartment and powered a two-bladed wooden propeller set low in the nose. The fuselage was slab-sided with curved edges making the A.12 a rather clean design. The pilot saw in an open-air position just below the upper wing assembly and aft of the engine. To his rear was the circular, open-air position for the rear observer, machine gunner. A ring mount was provided to hold a trainable .303 inch Lewis type machine gun or two. The pilow managed a single .303 inch Vickers machine gun in a fixed, forward-firing emplacement. All told, this provided the A.12 with enough offensive and defensive prowess for the time. Light bombs could be affixed under the wings for the light bombing role. The undercarriage of a typical design for the time, made up of two main landing gear wheels supported by multiple struts under the center portion of the wingspan - helping to displace the overall weight of the aircraft when at rest. The tail section was supported along the ground by a simple tail skid. The empennage was conventional, featuring a single, rounded vertical tail fin and a pair of applicable horizontal planes.
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Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (125mph).
Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Aero A.12's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units