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Hansa-Brandenburg B.I (Type D/FD)

Biplane Reconnaissance Aircraft

Hansa-Brandenburg B.I (Type D/FD)

Biplane Reconnaissance Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Hansa-Brandenburg B.I was designed by Ernst Heinkel and was an unarmed reconnaissance aircraft of World War 1.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Imperial Germany
YEAR: 1914
MANUFACTURER(S): Hansa-Brandenburg - Germany
PRODUCTION: 0
OPERATORS: Austria-Hungary; Poland; Norway
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Hansa-Brandenburg B.I (Type D/FD) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 27.76 feet (8.46 meters)
WIDTH: 43.08 feet (13.13 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.51 feet (2.9 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,676 pounds (760 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 2,337 pounds (1,060 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Benz Bz.III 6-cylinder water-cooled inline engine developing 160 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 78 miles-per-hour (125 kilometers-per-hour; 67 knots)
RANGE: 186 miles (300 kilometers; 162 nautical miles)
CEILING: 10,499 feet (3,200 meters; 1.99 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 430 feet-per-minute (131 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• B.I(Type D) - Initial Production Model; fitted with the Benz Bz.II series engine.
• B.I(Type FD) - Second Production Model; fitted with the Benz Bz.III series engine.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Hansa-Brandenburg B.I (Type D/FD) Biplane Reconnaissance Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 12/8/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Ernst Heinkel - whose German firm Heinkel would gain some level of notoriety in World War 2 - designed a series of reconnaissance aircraft for the Hansa-Brandenburg firm during World War 1. The B.I was one such aircraft, an unarmed two-seat reconnaissance platform that made its way to the frontlines for a time. Though a serviceable aircraft in her own right, the B.I went on to set the stage for the more capable C.I and C.II aircraft - these being armed reconnaissance versions with more capabilities - appearing from 1916 and onwards. First flight of the B.I occurred in 1914 with deliveries to the Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops of the Austro-Hungarian Empire thereafter.

The B.I fuselage took on a boxy-type appearance complete with slab sides, a straight-faced top and a somewhat-curved forward underside. The engine was fitted to the extreme forward of the design and powered a two-blade wooden propeller. As a biplane, the B.I featured an upper and lower wing assembly that saw both wings staggered in their placement and were of an unequal span (the upper assembly with a wider span). Each wing sported two bays with parallel struts and applicable cabling. The pilot sat direct aft of the engine compartment and behind and beneath the upper wing assembly. The pilot was accompanied by his observer who was situated directly behind him in a combined cockpit area - that is, there was not two distinct cockpits in the B.I, which was conventional in other two-seaters from other nations. The fuselage tapered off into the empennage that featured a single vertical tail fin and horizontal planes. The undercarriage of the B.I was nothing more than two braced and fixed main landing gear wheels coupled with a simple tail skid under the empennage. The B.I did not carry any armament for self-defense.

The B.I operated with an empty weight of 1,680lbs and a gross weight of 2,340lbs. Range was listed at 190 miles with a top speed equaling 78 miles per hour. A service ceiling of 10,500 feet was possible with a rate-of-climb of 430 feet-per-minute.

The B.I was produced in two major variants. While both retained their base military designation of "B.I", Hansa-Brandenburg assigned the company designations of "Type D" and "Type FD" to denote their difference in selected engines. The Type D model was the initial production form and powered by the Benz Bz.II series engine. The Type FD was the second production form and powered by the Benz Bz.III series engine of 160 horsepower.

Aero, a Czechoslovakian firm, produced the B.I in both wartime and in the after-years as the "Ae 10", with this experience proving priceless in development of other derivatives for the firm. Along with the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Norway was another notable B.I user. Poland fielded the type in the post-war years with their Polish Air Force.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (78mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  BER
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  SYD
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Hansa-Brandenburg (Type FD)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue