Military Factory logo
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
Icon of navy warships
Icon of military officer saluting
Icon of a dollar sign

Lloyd C.II

Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter

Lloyd C.II

Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Lloyd C-series of biplanes was produced in three major reconnaissance versions - the C.II, C.III and C.IV.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Austria-Hungary
YEAR: 1915
MANUFACTURER(S): Lloyd - Vienna / WKF - Vienna
PRODUCTION: 190
OPERATORS: Austria-Hungary; Poland
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Lloyd C.II model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 29.53 feet (9 meters)
WIDTH: 45.93 feet (14 meters)
HEIGHT: 11.15 feet (3.4 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,995 pounds (905 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 2,976 pounds (1,350 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Hiero 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine developing 145 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 80 miles-per-hour (128 kilometers-per-hour; 69 knots)
RANGE: 154 miles (248 kilometers; 134 nautical miles)
CEILING: 9,843 feet (3,000 meters; 1.86 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,100 feet-per-minute (335 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
1 x 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun in rear cockpit (flexible mounting).

OPTIONAL:
Up to 200lb of external ordnance.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• C.II - Base Production Designation; fitted with Hiero engine; 100 examples produced.
• C.III - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased top speed; 50 examples produced between Lloyd and WKF.
• C.IV - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased wingspan; 40 examples produced.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter.  Entry last updated on 10/26/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Lloyd C.II was a reconnaissance biplane fielded by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War 1, with service of the type beginning in 1915. The C.II had a direct origin from the pre-war Lloyd C.I, an competition-winning, two-seat, reconnaissance biplane design of 1914 which, itself, borrowed from Lloyd's experiences in license-production of aircraft for the Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke (DFW) firm of Germany. At least 100 of the C.II were produced and made available in 1915 while its derivatives - the C.III and C.IV - saw production totals reach approximately 50 and 40 units respectively.

The C.II was of a mostly conventional biplane design and layout, with the powerplant situated to the front of a flat-faced plywood (covered in linen) fuselage dominated by an upper and lower wing assembly and tapering off into a traditional empennage. The aircraft reserved room for a pilot and an observer/rear gunner seated in a tandem open-air cockpit with the pilot in the forward area and the observer in the aft area. Wings were slightly swept-back and braced by parallel struts and applicable cabling. The upper and lower wing assemblies were staggered and of unequal span to one another. Armament was only made available to the crew after the start of hostilities in World War 1 and became just a single trainable 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun, this fitted to a half-circle mounting in the rear cockpit. Bombs were a part of the C.II's forte and could account for some offensive punch in the form of 200lbs of ordnance.

The Lloyd C.II saw combat service with the air forces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Poland. The Polish C.IIs were eventually captured and utilized for training by their captors. Some C.IIs eventually saw service past the war and up to 1920.

The C.II was powered by a single Hiero-type inline engine of 145 horsepower mounted in the front of the fuselage. Output from the powerplant allowed for a maximum speed of up to 80 miles per hour with a range of 250 miles. A service ceiling of 9,800 feet was possible and a rate-of-climb of 1,100 feet per minute was reported. The aircraft maintained a wingspan of 45 feet, 11 inches and an overall length of 29 feet, 6 inches.

The Lloyd C.II was produced in two major follow-up derivatives in the C.III and C.IV. The C.III, essentially an uprated (and slightly faster) C.II model, was fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine of 160 horsepower with a majority of the aircraft produced by WKF (43) while Lloyd itself handled limited production (at least 8 such systems). The C.IV was also fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine and given a greater wingspan (47 feet, 8 inches). A total of 48 C.IVs were delivered (one of these being a conversion model).




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (80mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Lloyd C.II's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
190
190

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue