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Lloyd C.II

Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter

The Lloyd C-series of biplanes was produced in three major reconnaissance versions - the C.II, C.III and C.IV.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 10/26/2016
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Year: 1915
Manufacturer(s): Lloyd - Vienna / WKF - Vienna
Production: 190
Capabilities: Fighter; Reconnaissance (RECCE);
Crew: 2
Length: 29.53 ft (9 m)
Width: 45.93 ft (14 m)
Height: 11.15 ft (3.4 m)
Weight (Empty): 1,995 lb (905 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 2,976 lb (1,350 kg)
Power: 1 x Hiero 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine developing 145 horsepower.
Speed: 80 mph (128 kph; 69 kts)
Ceiling: 9,843 feet (3,000 m; 1.86 miles)
Range: 154 miles (248 km; 134 nm)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,100 ft/min (335 m/min)
Operators: Austria-Hungary; Poland
The Lloyd C.II was a reconnaissance biplane fielded by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War 1, with service of the type beginning in 1915. The C.II had a direct origin from the pre-war Lloyd C.I, an competition-winning, two-seat, reconnaissance biplane design of 1914 which, itself, borrowed from Lloyd's experiences in license-production of aircraft for the Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke (DFW) firm of Germany. At least 100 of the C.II were produced and made available in 1915 while its derivatives - the C.III and C.IV - saw production totals reach approximately 50 and 40 units respectively.

The C.II was of a mostly conventional biplane design and layout, with the powerplant situated to the front of a flat-faced plywood (covered in linen) fuselage dominated by an upper and lower wing assembly and tapering off into a traditional empennage. The aircraft reserved room for a pilot and an observer/rear gunner seated in a tandem open-air cockpit with the pilot in the forward area and the observer in the aft area. Wings were slightly swept-back and braced by parallel struts and applicable cabling. The upper and lower wing assemblies were staggered and of unequal span to one another. Armament was only made available to the crew after the start of hostilities in World War 1 and became just a single trainable 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun, this fitted to a half-circle mounting in the rear cockpit. Bombs were a part of the C.II's forte and could account for some offensive punch in the form of 200lbs of ordnance.

The Lloyd C.II saw combat service with the air forces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Poland. The Polish C.IIs were eventually captured and utilized for training by their captors. Some C.IIs eventually saw service past the war and up to 1920.

The C.II was powered by a single Hiero-type inline engine of 145 horsepower mounted in the front of the fuselage. Output from the powerplant allowed for a maximum speed of up to 80 miles per hour with a range of 250 miles. A service ceiling of 9,800 feet was possible and a rate-of-climb of 1,100 feet per minute was reported. The aircraft maintained a wingspan of 45 feet, 11 inches and an overall length of 29 feet, 6 inches.

The Lloyd C.II was produced in two major follow-up derivatives in the C.III and C.IV. The C.III, essentially an uprated (and slightly faster) C.II model, was fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine of 160 horsepower with a majority of the aircraft produced by WKF (43) while Lloyd itself handled limited production (at least 8 such systems). The C.IV was also fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine and given a greater wingspan (47 feet, 8 inches). A total of 48 C.IVs were delivered (one of these being a conversion model).


1 x 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun in rear cockpit (flexible mounting).

Up to 200lb of external ordnance.

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun

Variants / Models

• C.II - Base Production Designation; fitted with Hiero engine; 100 examples produced.
• C.III - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased top speed; 50 examples produced between Lloyd and WKF.
• C.IV - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased wingspan; 40 examples produced.
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