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Lloyd C.II

Austria-Hungary (1915)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter.

 Entry last updated on 10/26/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Lloyd C.II  
Picture of Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter

The Lloyd C-series of biplanes was produced in three major reconnaissance versions - the C.II, C.III and C.IV.

The Lloyd C.II was a reconnaissance biplane fielded by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War 1, with service of the type beginning in 1915. The C.II had a direct origin from the pre-war Lloyd C.I, an competition-winning, two-seat, reconnaissance biplane design of 1914 which, itself, borrowed from Lloyd's experiences in license-production of aircraft for the Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke (DFW) firm of Germany. At least 100 of the C.II were produced and made available in 1915 while its derivatives - the C.III and C.IV - saw production totals reach approximately 50 and 40 units respectively.

The C.II was of a mostly conventional biplane design and layout, with the powerplant situated to the front of a flat-faced plywood (covered in linen) fuselage dominated by an upper and lower wing assembly and tapering off into a traditional empennage. The aircraft reserved room for a pilot and an observer/rear gunner seated in a tandem open-air cockpit with the pilot in the forward area and the observer in the aft area. Wings were slightly swept-back and braced by parallel struts and applicable cabling. The upper and lower wing assemblies were staggered and of unequal span to one another. Armament was only made available to the crew after the start of hostilities in World War 1 and became just a single trainable 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun, this fitted to a half-circle mounting in the rear cockpit. Bombs were a part of the C.II's forte and could account for some offensive punch in the form of 200lbs of ordnance.

The Lloyd C.II saw combat service with the air forces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Poland. The Polish C.IIs were eventually captured and utilized for training by their captors. Some C.IIs eventually saw service past the war and up to 1920.

The C.II was powered by a single Hiero-type inline engine of 145 horsepower mounted in the front of the fuselage. Output from the powerplant allowed for a maximum speed of up to 80 miles per hour with a range of 250 miles. A service ceiling of 9,800 feet was possible and a rate-of-climb of 1,100 feet per minute was reported. The aircraft maintained a wingspan of 45 feet, 11 inches and an overall length of 29 feet, 6 inches.

The Lloyd C.II was produced in two major follow-up derivatives in the C.III and C.IV. The C.III, essentially an uprated (and slightly faster) C.II model, was fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine of 160 horsepower with a majority of the aircraft produced by WKF (43) while Lloyd itself handled limited production (at least 8 such systems). The C.IV was also fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine and given a greater wingspan (47 feet, 8 inches). A total of 48 C.IVs were delivered (one of these being a conversion model).
Any available statistics for the Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).
Lloyd C.II Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Year: 1915
Type: Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter
Manufacturer(s): Lloyd - Vienna / WKF - Vienna
Production: 190
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 2
Length: 29.53 ft (9 m)
Width: 45.93 ft (14.00 m)
Height: 11.15 ft (3.40 m)
Empty Weight: 1,995 lb (905 kg)
MTOW: 2,976 lb (1,350 kg)

Installed Power
1 x Hiero 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine developing 145 horsepower.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 80 mph (128 kph; 69 kts)
Maximum Range: 154 mi (248 km; 134 nm)
Service Ceiling: 9,843 ft (3,000 m; 1.86 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,100 ft/min (335 m/min)

1 x 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun in rear cockpit (flexible mounting).

Up to 200lb of external ordnance.

Operators List
Austria-Hungary; Poland

Series Model Variants
• C.II - Base Production Designation; fitted with Hiero engine; 100 examples produced.
• C.III - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased top speed; 50 examples produced between Lloyd and WKF.
• C.IV - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased wingspan; 40 examples produced.