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Lloyd C.II

Austria-Hungary (1915)
Picture of Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter

The Lloyd C-series of biplanes was produced in three major reconnaissance versions - the C.II, C.III and C.IV.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter.  Entry last updated on 10/26/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Lloyd C.II was a reconnaissance biplane fielded by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War 1, with service of the type beginning in 1915. The C.II had a direct origin from the pre-war Lloyd C.I, an competition-winning, two-seat, reconnaissance biplane design of 1914 which, itself, borrowed from Lloyd's experiences in license-production of aircraft for the Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke (DFW) firm of Germany. At least 100 of the C.II were produced and made available in 1915 while its derivatives - the C.III and C.IV - saw production totals reach approximately 50 and 40 units respectively.

The C.II was of a mostly conventional biplane design and layout, with the powerplant situated to the front of a flat-faced plywood (covered in linen) fuselage dominated by an upper and lower wing assembly and tapering off into a traditional empennage. The aircraft reserved room for a pilot and an observer/rear gunner seated in a tandem open-air cockpit with the pilot in the forward area and the observer in the aft area. Wings were slightly swept-back and braced by parallel struts and applicable cabling. The upper and lower wing assemblies were staggered and of unequal span to one another. Armament was only made available to the crew after the start of hostilities in World War 1 and became just a single trainable 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun, this fitted to a half-circle mounting in the rear cockpit. Bombs were a part of the C.II's forte and could account for some offensive punch in the form of 200lbs of ordnance.

The Lloyd C.II saw combat service with the air forces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Poland. The Polish C.IIs were eventually captured and utilized for training by their captors. Some C.IIs eventually saw service past the war and up to 1920.

The C.II was powered by a single Hiero-type inline engine of 145 horsepower mounted in the front of the fuselage. Output from the powerplant allowed for a maximum speed of up to 80 miles per hour with a range of 250 miles. A service ceiling of 9,800 feet was possible and a rate-of-climb of 1,100 feet per minute was reported. The aircraft maintained a wingspan of 45 feet, 11 inches and an overall length of 29 feet, 6 inches.

The Lloyd C.II was produced in two major follow-up derivatives in the C.III and C.IV. The C.III, essentially an uprated (and slightly faster) C.II model, was fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine of 160 horsepower with a majority of the aircraft produced by WKF (43) while Lloyd itself handled limited production (at least 8 such systems). The C.IV was also fitted with an Austro-Daimler engine and given a greater wingspan (47 feet, 8 inches). A total of 48 C.IVs were delivered (one of these being a conversion model).

Any available statistics for the Lloyd C.II Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (80mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Lloyd C.II's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
190
190


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Austria-Hungary
Service Year: 1915
Classification Type: Reconnaissance Biplane Fighter
Manufacturer(s): Lloyd - Vienna / WKF - Vienna
Production Units: 190
Global Operators:
Austria-Hungary; Poland
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Lloyd C.II model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
29.53 ft


Meters
9 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
45.93 ft


Meters
14 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
11.15 ft


Meters
3.4 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,995 lb


Kilograms
905 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
2,976 lb


Kilograms
1,350 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Hiero 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine developing 145 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
80 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
128 kph


Knots
69 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
154 mi


Kilometers
248 km


Nautical Miles
134 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
9,843 ft


Meters
3,000 m


Miles
1.86 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
1,100 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
335 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (2):

STANDARD:
1 x 8mm Schwarzlose machine gun in rear cockpit (flexible mounting).

OPTIONAL:
Up to 200lb of external ordnance.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• C.II - Base Production Designation; fitted with Hiero engine; 100 examples produced.
• C.III - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased top speed; 50 examples produced between Lloyd and WKF.
• C.IV - Fitted with Austro-Daimler powerplant; increased wingspan; 40 examples produced.