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Kamov Ka-60 (Orca) / (Killer Whale)

Russia (2018)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Kamov Ka-60 (Orca) / (Killer Whale) Utility Transport Civilian / Military Helicopter.

 Entry last updated on 1/11/2018; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Kamov Ka-60 (Orca) / (Killer Whale)  
Picture of Kamov Ka-60 (Orca) / (Killer Whale) Utility Transport Civilian / Military Helicopter

The Kamov Ka-60 series is a relatively new Russian utility helicopter design with over 100 units currently on order.

The Kamov Ka-60 series of medium transport multi-role helicopters is intended to replace the aged Mil Mi-8 series. The Ka-60 (Kasatka or "Orca") was designed with multi-role capabilities in mind as well as survivability and adaptability so various forms of the type are being planned. These forms include a training model, reconnaissance platform (this could branch into an anti-tank and anti-helicopter form), a civilian passenger transport model and a navalized version. The Ka-60 will also be made available to foreign purchasers in the marketplace, extending the types reach considerably. A Western model complete with General Electric T700/CT7-2D1 series engines and a five-blade main rotor is also in the works (this as the Ka-62M model).

As with most helicopter types in this class, the Ka-60 features a two-seat cockpit with side-by-side seating for the pilot and co-pilot. The pilot mans the right-side seat position while the copilot is seated to his left. Dual controls are available for either position. The separate crew cabin can hold some 16 combat-ready personnel or six medical litters (with three medical personnel).

Externally, this Kamov design appears much more like its Western counterparts and is not so much in line with previous Kamov offerings. The nose assembly appears as a finely developed "snout" with a sloped front windshield and large windowed doors for the base crew (including windowed floor panels to either side of the nose). Passenger entry is accomplished through two large windowed cabin doors to either side of the fuselage. Engines are mounted above and behind the main cabin area in a contoured assembly. The overall airframe ends with a somewhat shortened tail section housing the tail rotor and applicable horizontal tail surfaces. Vertical fins protrude from the empennage sides.
The airframe is coated with an infrared adsorbent material for detection evasion, allowing for some level of "stealth" to be achieved, at least with a smaller radar signature. Construction is mostly of composite works while the fan blades feature Kevlar with carbon reinforcement. For added survivability, the fuel tanks feature polyurethane foam so direct hits are not as fatal. Interestingly, the Ka-60 features a fully-retractable tricycle landing gear system though the main gears are positioned at the front of the design (just aft of the pilot seating area) and a single rear landing gear is positioned at the base of the tail unit. The main rotor consists of four blades with swept back ends and sits tightly atop and between the engine housing. The blades are also of composite material and is touted as being able to resist the hit of a 23mm shell. The tail rotor is encased in a ring for added survivability and features a full-eleven blade arrangement. In terms of internal systems, the Ka-60 features the Arbalet millimeter wave radar, Otklik laser warning and Pastel radar warning receiver. The Arbalet system is located in the nose assembly while the other two systems make up the meat of the helicopters electronic warfare suite. Systems redundancy is achievable through duplicated systems on either side of the aircraft. The helicopter is expected to be able to mount a variety of light munitions in the form of rocket pods and various suppression-effect machine gun systems.

The Ka-60 was unveiled in July of 1997 at Lyubertsy and first flew on December 10th, 1998. Production began in 2003 at the RSK MiG LAPIK plant in Lukhovitsky. as of this writing, only some 7 or 8 systems have been delivered though an order of 200 is in place.

The Ka-62 began flight-testing in May of 2016.
Kamov Ka-60 Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Year: 2018
Status: In-Development
Type: Utility Transport Civilian / Military Helicopter
Manufacturer(s): Kamov Design Bureau - Russia
Production: 8
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 2
Length: 51.18 ft (15.6 m)
Width: 44.29 ft (13.50 m)
Height: 13.78 ft (4.20 m)
MTOW: 14,881 lb (6,750 kg)

Installed Power
2 x Rybinsk RKBM RD-600V turboshaft engines developing 1,282shp each and powering a four- OR five-blade main rotor with an eleven-blade tail rotor in a Fenestron shroud.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 191 mph (308 kph; 166 kts)
Maximum Range: 478 mi (770 km; 416 nm)
Service Ceiling: 18,701 ft (5,700 m; 3.54 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 2,047 ft/min (624 m/min)

Typically unarmed though can carry any of the following as optional for the gunship role:

2 x 7-shot 80mm rocket pods
2 x 7.62mm machine guns
2 x 12.7mm machine guns

Operators List
Brazil; Colombia; Russia

Series Model Variants
• Ka-60 - Base Multi-Role Production Model
• Ka-60U - Training Variant
• Ka-60K - Transport Variant
• Ka-60R - Reconnaissance Variant
• Ka-62 - Civilian Transport Model
• Ka-62M - Standard Model fitted with 2 x General Electric T700/CT7-2D1 engines; 5 x blade main rotor system.
• Ka-64 "Sky Horse" - Navalized Version; 4 x blade main and tail rotor systems.

Supported Weapon Systems
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod