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Dornier Do 24

Nazi Germany (1937)
Picture of Dornier Do 24 Reconnaissance / Transport / Search and Rescue Flying Boat

The Dornier Do 24 is one of the few World War 2 aircraft with the distinction of having served on both sides of the conflict.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Dornier Do 24 Reconnaissance / Transport / Search and Rescue Flying Boat.  Entry last updated on 5/21/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Dornier Do 24 was a capable flying both serving in limited numbers both Allied and Axis powers in World War 2. The system was classified as a flying boat, capable of operations on both land and sea, and was the product of German engineering and a Dutch Navy requirement. The Do 24 achieved her maiden flight on July 3rd, 1937 and entered service in November of that year. Some 279 total examples were produced before, during and after the war with several models serving up until the early 1950s.

Design of the Do 24 was conventional as flying boats go. The system featured a hull-like fuselage with sponsons for added on-water stability. The wings were high-mounted monoplane systems held in place by struts extending from the fuselage and sponsons. The cockpit was held forward of the wings with entry to the fuselage made through a wide hinged door in the upper portion under the wing assembly. Three BMW/Bramo Fafnir 323R-2 series 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines developed 1,000 horsepower each, provided up to 340 kilometers of speed and were fitted across the middle of the wing section, over the main body of the fuselage. These engines featured a slim nacelle design and five-bladed propellers (Do 24 ATT). The tail section consisted of a split "T" type with twin vertical fins extending out from the fuselage end. Crew accommodations amounted to 5 or 6 personnel. Armament was strictly defensive - as is expected for the type of role she was designed for - and consisted of a two 7.92mm MG 15 machine guns in a bow and tail position, 1 x 20mm MG 151 cannon in a central fuselage position and up to 12 x 110lb bombs as needed.

With the Dornier Wals of the Dutch Navy effectively on their way out of service, the brand decided a replacement was in order and contracted the German aircraft firm of Dornier to design the replacement. Utilizing this Dutch requirement, the Do 24 was born as an all-metal constructed system capable of the needed operations in the Dutch East Indies where they would be used. The initial batch of early aircraft appeared with varying powerplants, the first two featuring Junkers Jumo types followed by three more with Wright Cyclone types. Production was handled by both German and Netherlands facilities.

All progressed as planned until the eventual occupation of the Netherlands by German forces, effectively killing all future Dutch production of the system. The German occupation forced the confiscation of all completed and under construction systems for Luftwaffe use. Future models produced in Dutch facilities naturally shifted use of German powerplants away from the American Wright-branded products and featured the BMW Bramo series. In action through World War 2, the Do 24 served with German, Australian (existing Do 24 systems already operating in the East Indies) and Spain. Spain offered up the type in a somewhat neutral role, providing search and rescue services for pilots of both sides of the conflict. France made use of the time for a time and the Sweden "captured" a German Do 24 making an emergency landing in the neutral nation. The aircraft appeared in various arrangements through her production life, differing mainly through powerplants and minor changes throughout.

Any available statistics for the Dornier Do 24 Reconnaissance / Transport / Search and Rescue Flying Boat are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (211mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Dornier Do 24T-1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
279
279


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1937
Type: Reconnaissance / Transport / Search and Rescue Flying Boat
Manufacturer(s): Dornier Flugzeugwerke - Germany / Aviolanda-de Schelde - Netherlands
Production: 279
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
Netherlands, Australia, France, Spain, Sweden and Nazi Germany.
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Dornier Do 24T-1 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
5 or 6


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
72.18 ft


Meters
22 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
88.58 ft


Meters
27 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
18.86 ft


Meters
5.75 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
20,062 lb


Kilograms
9,100 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
40,565 lb


Kilograms
18,400 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
3 x BMW/Bramo Fafnir 323R-2 9-cylinder air-cooled radial engines developing 1,000 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
211 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
340 kph


Knots
184 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
2,952 mi


Kilometers
4,750 km


Nautical Miles
2,565 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
19,357 ft


Meters
5,900 m


Miles
3.67 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
468 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
143 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (4):

STANDARD:
1 x 7.92mm MG 15 machine gun in bow position
1 x 7.92mm MG 15 machine gun in tail position
1 x 20mm MG 151 cannon in midship position

OPTIONAL:
12 x 110lb (50kg) bombs
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Do 24K-1 - Initial Production Model Designation; 6 examples produced.
• Do 24K-2 - License production models by the Dutch; fitted with 3 x Wright R-1820-G102 engines of 1,000 horsepower each.
• Do 24N-1 - License production search and rescue (SAR) models by the Dutch for German use; fitted with 3 x Wright R-1820-G102 series engines of 1,000 horsepower each; 11 examples produced.
• Do 24T-1 - French and Dutch Produced Do 24; 48 examples produced by French; Dutch examples fitted with BMW Bramo 323R-2 series engines.
• Do 24T-2 - Based on the Do 24T-1
• Do 24T-3 - Based on the Do 24T-1
• Do 24 ATT - Fitted with 3 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-45 series engines.
• Do 318 - Single Example Model based on the Do 24T.