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Breguet Br.5

Bomber / Escort Fighter / Night-Fighter Biplane

The Breguet Br.5 French biplane served as a principle night bomber from 1916 through 1917.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 2/2/2019
National Flag Graphic


Year: 1916
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Manufacturer(s): Breguet Aviation - France
Production: 100
Capabilities: Fighter; Ground Attack;
Crew: 2
Length: 32.48 ft (9.9 m)
Width: 57.41 ft (17.5 m)
Height: 12.80 ft (3.9 m)
Weight (Empty): 2,976 lb (1,350 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 4,189 lb (1,900 kg)
Power: 1 x Renault engine developing 220 horsepower OR 1 x Rolls-Royce Eagle engine developing 250 horsepower driving a two-bladed propeller in "pusher" arrangement at rear of fuselage.
Speed: 84 mph (135 kph; 73 kts)
Ceiling: 14,108 feet (4,300 m; 2.67 miles)
Range: 435 miles (700 km; 378 nm)
Rate-of-Climb: 235 ft/min (72 m/min)
Operators: France; United Kingdom
The Breguet Br.5 series of biplane bomber was developed from the Breguet Br.4. The Br.5 was operated by a crew of two with the pilot seated in the middle of the aircraft and the gunner/observer to the front. Defensive armament consisted of a single 7.7mm machine gun in a standard role but this could be supplanted by a more formidable 37mm cannon, particularly when in the bomber escort role.

The Br.5 was powered by a Renault 220 horsepower engine whilst some were fielded with a Rolls-Royce brand of 250 horsepower known as the "Eagle". The engine sat behind the crew area - directly behind the pilot in fact - and was of the "pusher" type, powering a two-blade propeller system. Design was of a utilitarian type with a simple bathtub-like fuselage, a static tricycle landing gear array and framework and cables leading out to the empennage. A single vertical tail surface completed the design.

In action, the Br.5 was fielded primarily as a night time bomber and used by both the French and English forces alike from 1916-1917 though it first appeared in the summer of 1915.


1 x 7.7mm machine gun OR 1 x 37mm cannon in forward observer/gunner position.

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon

Variants / Models

• Br.5 - Base Series Designation
• Br.5 B2 - Base bomber variant
• Br.5 Ca.2 - Escort Fighter; outfitted with cannon armament.
• Grahame White GW.19 - Production by Grahame White for British RNAS service; Rolls-Royce Falcon engine featured; 25 examples completed.
• Br.6 - Fitted with Canton-Unne engines
• Br.6 B2 - Base Bomber Variant
• Br.6 Ca.2 - Escort Fighter with cannon armament
• Br.12 - Night-fighter form
• Br.12 B2 - Night bomb platform
• Br.12 Ca.2 - Night-fighter with cannon armament
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