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Breguet Br.5 - France, 1915

Detailing the development and operational history of the Breguet Br.5 Bomber / Escort Fighter / Night-Fighter Biplane.

 Entry last updated on 1/18/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Breguet Br.5  
Picture of Breguet Br.5

The Breguet Br.5 French biplane served as a principle night bomber from 1916 through 1917.

The Breguet Br.5 series of biplane bomber was developed from the Breguet Br.4. The Br.5 was operated by a crew of two with the pilot seated in the middle of the aircraft and the gunner/observer to the front. Defensive armament consisted of a single 7.7mm machine gun in a standard role but this could be supplanted by a more formidable 37mm cannon, particularly when in the bomber escort role.

The Br.5 was powered by a Renault 220 horsepower engine whilst some were fielded with a Rolls-Royce brand of 250 horsepower known as the "Eagle". The engine sat behind the crew area - directly behind the pilot in fact - and was of the "pusher" type, powering a two-blade propeller system. Design was of a utilitarian type with a simple bathtub-like fuselage, a static tricycle landing gear array and framework and cables leading out to the empennage. A single vertical tail surface completed the design.

In action, the Br.5 was fielded primarily as a night time bomber and used by both the French and English forces alike from 1916-1917 though it first appeared in the summer of 1915.

Breguet Br.5 Specifications

Service Year: 1915
Type: Bomber / Escort Fighter / Night-Fighter Biplane
National Origin: France
Manufacturer(s): Breguet Aviation - France
Total Production: 100

Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)

Operating Crew (Typical): 2

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)

Engine: 1 x Renault engine developing 220 horsepower OR 1 x Rolls-Royce Eagle engine developing 250 horsepower.

Service Ceiling: 11,483 feet (3,500 meters; 2.17 miles)

Armament / Mission Payload

1 x 7.7mm machine gun OR 1 x 37mm cannon in forward observer/gunner position.

Global Operators (Customers, Users)

France; United Kingdom

Model Variants

Br.5 - Base Series Designation
Br.5B2 - Base bomber variant
Br.5Ca.2 - Escort Fighter; outfitted with cannon armament.
Grahame White GW.19 - Production by Grahame White for British RNAS service; Rolls-Royce Falcon engine featured; 25 examples completed.
Br.6 - Fitted with Canton-Unne engines
Br.6B2 - Base Bomber Variant
Br.6Ca.2 - Escort Fighter with cannon armament
Br.12 - Night-fighter form
Br.12B2 - Night bomb platform
Br.12Ca.2 - Night-fighter with cannon armament

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