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Arado Ar 240

Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Heavy Fighter Aircraft

Arado Ar 240

Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Heavy Fighter Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



Designed as an all-around situational performer, the Arado Ar 240 was doomed by its poor flight characteristics.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1940
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): Arado Flugzeugwerke - Germany
PRODUCTION: 14
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Arado Ar 240 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 41.99 feet (12.8 meters)
WIDTH: 43.73 feet (13.33 meters)
HEIGHT: 12.96 feet (3.95 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 13,669 pounds (6,200 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 20,834 pounds (9,450 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Daimler-Benz DB601A in-line engines developing 1,075 horsepower each.
SPEED (MAX): 384 miles-per-hour (618 kilometers-per-hour; 334 knots)
RANGE: 1,243 miles (2,000 kilometers; 1,080 nautical miles)
CEILING: 34,449 feet (10,500 meters; 6.52 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,790 feet-per-minute (546 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
2 x 7.92mm MG 17 machine guns in fixed, forward-firing underfuselage position.
2 x 7.92mm MG 81 machine guns in rear-facing, remote-controlled dorsal fuselage barbette.
2 x 7.92mm MG 81 machine guns in rear-facing, remote-controlled ventral fuselage barbette.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 3,968lbs of bombs.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Ar 240V-1 - Initial Prototype Model
• Ar 240V-2 - Second Prototype Model; larger ailerons, additional vertical fin on dive braking system and inclusion of smallish radiators for improved cooling.
• Ar 240V-3 - Third Prototype Model; fitted with Arado / DVL FA 9 rear-firing weapons system; armament consisted of 1 x 7.92mm MG 81Z machine gun.
• Ar 240V-4 - Fourth Ordered Prototype; first in series to include operational dive brake system.
• Ar 240V-5 - Fifth Ordered Prototype; fitted with updated FA 13 weapon system consisting of 2 x 13mm MG 131 cannons.
• Ar 240V-6 - Sixth Prototype Model
• Ar 240A-0 - Initial Production Model Series; high-altitude reconnaissance variant; four preproduction aircraft produced.
• Ar 240B-0 - Proposed Fighter-Bomber/Reconnaissance Variant.
• Ar 240C-0 - Multi-Role Platform
• Ar 240C-1 - Heavy Fighter Variant
• Ar 240C-2 - Night Fighter Variant
• Ar 240C-3 - Light Bomber Variant
• Ar 240C-4 - High-Altitude Reconnaissance Variant
• Ar 240E-0 - Dedicated Bomber Variant
• Ar 240F-0 - Dedicated Fighter Variant


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Arado Ar 240 Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Heavy Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 11/9/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Arado Ar 240 was designed to an RLM 1938 response to replace the twin engine, two seat Messerschmitt BF 110 Zerstorer heavy fighter, being made obsolete by the changing face of war. The Arado firm and the Messerschmitt firm (the latter already experienced in such a design) were tabbed for developing the BF 110's eventual replacement with Messerschmitt holding the edge. In the end, the Messerschmitt design was accepted as the Me 210 while the Arado design was relegated to nothing more than a test airframe for the company's future designs. The Ar 240 was done in by its overly ambitious and complicated design and poor flight characteristics though it did exhibit exceptional performance capabilities nonetheless.

Design of the Arado Ar 240 was headed up by Walter Blume, whose vision of this aircraft came about some years before. The design was to feature several groundbreaking components that included a fully pressurized cockpit for two, remote-controlled operated armament and a specially designed lift flap with a small overall wing surface area for low-speed venturing. In addition to its heavy fighter role, the Ar 240, like the Me 210 submitted design, was to be an inherently capable dive bomber design as well, complicating the Ar 240 design further with the introduction of a dive braking system. The end product, with all that the Arado team wanted to - and were forced to - fit into it, was a progressively heavy-laden design.

Externally, the Ar 240 followed a traditional twin-engine layout for the time. Engines were held out and away from the fuselage on a middle-mount monoplane wing assembly with the engine nacelle edge meeting up to the front of the cockpit nose and extended past the wing trailing edges. the fuselage was of a thin pencil-like design meeting in a tail section extending past the "T" style elevator and vertical fins with an additional vertical fin added to the extreme fuselage end. Crew accommodations amounted to two personnel - a pilot and a navigator/gunner - in a pressurized cockpit. The navigator/gunner was responsible for manning the two remote-controlled fuselage barbettes, each mounting twin 7.92m MG81 machine guns. An additional 2 x 7.92mm MG17 machine guns were available in fixed positions as well.




Arado Ar 240 (Cont'd)

Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Heavy Fighter Aircraft

Arado Ar 240 (Cont'd)

Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Heavy Fighter Aircraft



Models in the series became a list of prototype ventures from V-1 to V-6 each progressively featuring a new major component (the first prototype becoming airborne in 1940). With the arrival of the Ar 240A-0 series, the system had reach production stages. The definitive design would end up being the multi-purpose Ar 240C series of which several major variants would be developed.

Performance from a series of Daimler-Benz engines were impressive. The noted DB601A was of an in-line engine type, though designed in such a way as to appear as standard radials. Each engine amassed some 1,075 horsepower allowing for speeds of up to 384 miles per hour, a service ceiling of over 34,000 feet and a range of over 1,200 miles. As impressive as those statistics were, the Ar 240 still suffered from poor in flight characteristics that went on to doom the design. Nevertheless, the system was used in the unarmed reconnaissance role over England during the operational trials phase of the system's development at a time when few other two-engine platform types offered up such range. Reports of production totals amounted to a measly 14 systems in circulation.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (384mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  PAR
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  BER
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  MSK
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  TKY
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  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Arado Ar 240 A-0's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
14
14

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue