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Arado Ar 240

Nazi Germany (1940)
Picture of Arado Ar 240 Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Heavy Fighter Aircraft
Picture of Arado Ar 240 Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Heavy Fighter Aircraft

Designed as an all-around situational performer, the Arado Ar 240 was doomed by its poor flight characteristics.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Arado Ar 240 Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Heavy Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 11/9/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Arado Ar 240 was designed to an RLM 1938 response to replace the twin engine, two seat Messerschmitt BF 110 Zerstorer heavy fighter, being made obsolete by the changing face of war. The Arado firm and the Messerschmitt firm (the latter already experienced in such a design) were tabbed for developing the BF 110's eventual replacement with Messerschmitt holding the edge. In the end, the Messerschmitt design was accepted as the Me 210 while the Arado design was relegated to nothing more than a test airframe for the company's future designs. The Ar 240 was done in by its overly ambitious and complicated design and poor flight characteristics though it did exhibit exceptional performance capabilities nonetheless.

Design of the Arado Ar 240 was headed up by Walter Blume, whose vision of this aircraft came about some years before. The design was to feature several groundbreaking components that included a fully pressurized cockpit for two, remote-controlled operated armament and a specially designed lift flap with a small overall wing surface area for low-speed venturing. In addition to its heavy fighter role, the Ar 240, like the Me 210 submitted design, was to be an inherently capable dive bomber design as well, complicating the Ar 240 design further with the introduction of a dive braking system. The end product, with all that the Arado team wanted to - and were forced to - fit into it, was a progressively heavy-laden design.

Externally, the Ar 240 followed a traditional twin-engine layout for the time. Engines were held out and away from the fuselage on a middle-mount monoplane wing assembly with the engine nacelle edge meeting up to the front of the cockpit nose and extended past the wing trailing edges. the fuselage was of a thin pencil-like design meeting in a tail section extending past the "T" style elevator and vertical fins with an additional vertical fin added to the extreme fuselage end. Crew accommodations amounted to two personnel - a pilot and a navigator/gunner - in a pressurized cockpit. The navigator/gunner was responsible for manning the two remote-controlled fuselage barbettes, each mounting twin 7.92m MG81 machine guns. An additional 2 x 7.92mm MG17 machine guns were available in fixed positions as well.
Models in the series became a list of prototype ventures from V-1 to V-6 each progressively featuring a new major component (the first prototype becoming airborne in 1940). With the arrival of the Ar 240A-0 series, the system had reach production stages. The definitive design would end up being the multi-purpose Ar 240C series of which several major variants would be developed.

Performance from a series of Daimler-Benz engines were impressive. The noted DB601A was of an in-line engine type, though designed in such a way as to appear as standard radials. Each engine amassed some 1,075 horsepower allowing for speeds of up to 384 miles per hour, a service ceiling of over 34,000 feet and a range of over 1,200 miles. As impressive as those statistics were, the Ar 240 still suffered from poor in flight characteristics that went on to doom the design. Nevertheless, the system was used in the unarmed reconnaissance role over England during the operational trials phase of the system's development at a time when few other two-engine platform types offered up such range. Reports of production totals amounted to a measly 14 systems in circulation.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (384mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Arado Ar 240 A-0's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
14
14


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1940
Type: Multi-Purpose / Multi-Role Heavy Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Arado Flugzeugwerke - Germany
Production: 14
Status: Cancelled
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Arado Ar 240 A-0 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
41.99 ft


Meters
12.8 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
43.73 ft


Meters
13.33 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
12.96 ft


Meters
3.95 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
13,669 lb


Kilograms
6,200 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
20,834 lb


Kilograms
9,450 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Daimler-Benz DB601A in-line engines developing 1,075 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
384 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
618 kph


Knots
334 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,243 mi


Kilometers
2,000 km


Nautical Miles
1,080 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
34,449 ft


Meters
10,500 m


Miles
6.52 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
1,790 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
546 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

STANDARD:
2 x 7.92mm MG 17 machine guns in fixed, forward-firing underfuselage position.
2 x 7.92mm MG 81 machine guns in rear-facing, remote-controlled dorsal fuselage barbette.
2 x 7.92mm MG 81 machine guns in rear-facing, remote-controlled ventral fuselage barbette.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 3,968lbs of bombs.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Ar 240V-1 - Initial Prototype Model
• Ar 240V-2 - Second Prototype Model; larger ailerons, additional vertical fin on dive braking system and inclusion of smallish radiators for improved cooling.
• Ar 240V-3 - Third Prototype Model; fitted with Arado / DVL FA 9 rear-firing weapons system; armament consisted of 1 x 7.92mm MG 81Z machine gun.
• Ar 240V-4 - Fourth Ordered Prototype; first in series to include operational dive brake system.
• Ar 240V-5 - Fifth Ordered Prototype; fitted with updated FA 13 weapon system consisting of 2 x 13mm MG 131 cannons.
• Ar 240V-6 - Sixth Prototype Model
• Ar 240A-0 - Initial Production Model Series; high-altitude reconnaissance variant; four preproduction aircraft produced.
• Ar 240B-0 - Proposed Fighter-Bomber/Reconnaissance Variant.
• Ar 240C-0 - Multi-Role Platform
• Ar 240C-1 - Heavy Fighter Variant
• Ar 240C-2 - Night Fighter Variant
• Ar 240C-3 - Light Bomber Variant
• Ar 240C-4 - High-Altitude Reconnaissance Variant
• Ar 240E-0 - Dedicated Bomber Variant
• Ar 240F-0 - Dedicated Fighter Variant