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Dornier Do 217

Nazi Germany (1941)
Picture of Dornier Do 217 Multirole Medium Bomber

The Dornier Do 217 proved itself a sound weapons platform on the whole, though not excelling in any one role.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Dornier Do 217 Multirole Medium Bomber.  Entry last updated on 6/12/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Dornier Do 217 was a multi-role aircraft design for the German Luftwaffe during World War 2 (1939-1945). The type fulfilled various roles in the air service including conventional bomber, dive bomber, fast reconnaissance platform, and night fighter. The twin-engine system with its four-person crew appeared in prototype form during 1938 and would see several notable production variants exist before the end of the war in 1945. The Do 217 proved more suited to bomber and reconnaissance duties than heavy fighter as it did not match well against Allied fighters of the period. It succeeded Do 215 light bomber / reconnaissance aircraft in the company's production schedule.

Design of the Do 217 largely followed earlier Dornier medium bomber designs. The cockpit and crew areas were situated well forward in the fuselage and under heavy glazing with noticeable tapering of the aft fuselage resulting in a "pencil-like" shape. Engines were mounted on a high-wing monoplane arrangement while the tail unit incorporated a split-T design. While armament could be fitted to suit the particular mission role, typical loadouts involving 7.92mm machine guns, 13mm MG 131 heavy machine guns, and 20mm cannons. For instance the Do 217 J-2 model carried 4 x 7.92mm MG 17 machine guns with 4 x 20mm MG FF cannons in the nose and 2 x 13mm MG 131 machine guns in both dorsal and ventral gun positions. A standard internal-external bomb load could reach up to 8,810 pounds.
The Do 217 was initially conceived of as a fast reconnaissance platform. The preproduction series appeared as Do 217 A-0. A medium bomber form became the C-0 and E-0 in preproduction guise. Production bombers began with the E-1 and E-2 was a dive bombing form. Certain changes begat other variants such as the E-5 with a lengthened wingspan. Turbosuperchargers greeted the Do 217H and Do 217K incorporated a more streamlined cockpit housing. The Do 217K became the base bomber model in production and a lengthened wingspan produced the K-2. The K-3 was outfitted for the carrying and launching of the Fritz X radio-controlled bomb. The Do 217M incorporated DB 603A series inline engines. Do 217 M-5 was used as a carrier for the Henschel Hs 293 anti-ship guided missile and accordingly outfitted with applicable direction equipment. The Do 217J was a dedicated night fighter and included a J-1 and J-2 form. The Do 217N was another night time performer and based on the Do 217M bomber. This model included upgraded 20mm cannon as well as an additional 4 x 20mm MG 151/20 cannons arranged to fire obliquely (upwards, at an angle). The N-2 model of this variant lost its defensive turret and bomb bay equipment to save on weight and improve performance. The Do 217P became a high-altitude design featuring DB603B supercharged engines as well as a DB605T engine though only three-preproduction examples existed before the war's end. The Do 217Rwas another Hs 293 carrier platform.

The production life of the Do 217 yielded 1,925 total aircraft with introduction being in 1941. Production would peak in 1943 when over 500 alone were built. Night fighter forms began arriving in usable numbers in the middle of 1942 and continued into 1943. Complete Do 217 service ended with the end of the war in 1945.

The Germans fielded the Do 217 across some eleven squadrons during the conflict. The Italian Air Force was another wartime operator of the line and Switzerland managed one operational example that was interned after the crew was forced to land at Basel in the latter war years. This model served into 1946.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (348mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Dornier Do 217 M-1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1925
1925


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1941
Type: Multirole Medium Bomber
Manufacturer(s): Dornier - Germany
Production: 1,925
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany; Kingdom of Italy; Switzerland
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Dornier Do 217 M-1 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
4


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
56.30 ft


Meters
17.16 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
63.29 ft


Meters
19.29 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
16.70 ft


Meters
5.09 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
19,471 lb


Kilograms
8,832 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
36,784 lb


Kilograms
16,685 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Daimler-Benz DB 603A V-12 engines developing 1,750 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
348 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
560 kph


Knots
302 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,335 mi


Kilometers
2,148 km


Nautical Miles
1,160 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
31,699 ft


Meters
9,662 m


Miles
6.00 mi

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (4):

STANDARD:
4 x 7.92mm MG 81 machine guns in nose section
2 x 13mm MG 141 machine guns in dorsal and central gun positions.

OPTIONAL:
Internal and external ordnance load of up to 8,800 lb to include conventional drop bombs and radio-guided missiles / bombs (when equipped as such).
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Do 217 V1 - Prototype Model Designation; fitted with Daimler-Benz DB 601A engines; eventually lost in a crash.
• Do 217A - Reconnaissance Variant; fitted with DB 601 series engines; production limited to 8 total examples.
• Do 217C - Bomber Variant
• Do 217E - Full Production Standard Model; fitted with 2 x 801 A/B BMW radial engines delivering 1,600hp each; produced as bomber, torpedo bomber and reconnaissance platforms.
• Do 217E-0 - Pre-Production Aircraft Designation
• Do 217E-1 - Initial Service Production Bombers
• Do 217E-2 - Fitted with an electrically-operated dorsal turret with 1 x 13mm machine gun.
• Do 217E-5 - Hs 295 missile compatible
• Do 217J - Converted E series models; fitted with Lichtenstein radar in nose; 1 x 20mm MGFF cannon and 4 x 7.92mm MG17 machine guns.
• Do 217K - Appeared in 1942; redesigned nose assembly; BMW 801 G/H engines at 1,730hp.
• Do 217K-2 - Increased wingspan; Fritz X missile compatible.
• Do 217M - Fitted with DB 603 series engines.
• Do 217M-1
• Do 217N - Converted M series models; night fighter variant; fitted with radar and additional oblique-firing 4 x MG151/20.
• Do 217P - High-Altitude Reconnaissance Aircraft; fitted with DB 605 series engines.
• Do 217R - Redesignated Do 317 prototypes for use as Henschel Hs 293 "motherships".