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Aviatik C.I

Imperial Germany (1915)
Picture of Aviatik C.I Reconnaissance Biplane Aircraft

The German Aviatik C.I was designed from the outset with military use in mind, sporting a single 7.92mm Parabellum machine gun for self-defense.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Aviatik C.I Reconnaissance Biplane Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 4/11/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Aviatik (Automobil und Aviatikwerke) of Germany was already involved in aircraft designs from the outset of the war, graduating from the copying of French designs to producing their own new design in the Aviatik B.I. Following that, Aviatik produced their first full military-ready design in the Aviatik C.I series, a biplane reconnaissance aircraft that would serve effectively along the Front.

The C.I was a single-engine, twin-seat biplane with a Mercedes D.II 6-cylinder engine producing upwards of 120 horsepower and driving a two-blade propeller. The system followed suit with the previous B.I in that the observer was seated in the front - just behind the engine - and the pilot was at rear. This time, the forward observer was afforded a single 7.92mm Parabellum machine gun on a flexible mounting. Though in theory, this seemed to improve upon the previous B.I system, it was soon found that the field of fire for the observer was quite restricted and the rearward seating position of the pilot was ill-suited when compared to other aircraft types coming out at the time. As such, later examples of the C.I began seating the observer (with gun) to the rear and the pilot forward, but still aft of the engine. This provided the pilot a better field of vision forwards and out of the cockpit while expanding the field of fire for the rear observer. This new arrangement produced the designation of "C.Ia".

In the end, the C.Ia performed admirably well throughout its frontline tenure, undertaking a host of reconnaissance sorties. The C.I series as a whole would be replaced by the improved C.II, which would sport an even more powerful engine, but this time showcasing the Benz brand as opposed to the Mercedes found in other Aviatik models.

Any available statistics for the Aviatik C.I Reconnaissance Biplane Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (88mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Aviatik C.I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
500
500


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Imperial Germany
Service Year: 1915
Classification Type: Reconnaissance Biplane Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Automobil und Aviatikwerke - Imperial Germany
Production Units: 500
Global Operators:
Austria-Hungary; Imperial Germany; Romania; Yugoslavia
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Aviatik C.I model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
25.98 ft


Meters
7.92 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
41.01 ft


Meters
12.5 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
9.68 ft


Meters
2.95 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,653 lb


Kilograms
750 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
2,954 lb


Kilograms
1,340 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Mercedes D.II 6-cylinder inline engine developing 120 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
88 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
142 kph


Knots
77 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
261 mi


Kilometers
420 km


Nautical Miles
227 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
11,483 ft


Meters
3,500 m


Miles
2.17 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
255 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
78 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

STANDARD:
1 x 7.92mm Parabellum machine gun in flexible mounting in rear cockpit.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• C.I - Base Production Model Series Designation; oberserver with trainable machine gun mounting placed in the front cockpit with pilot to the rear.
• C.Ia - Observer with machine gun mounting moved to rear cockpit seating area with pilot moved to front.
• C.II - More powerful Benz engine fitted to the series.