MANUFACTURER(S): Automobil und Aviatikwerke - Imperial Germany
OPERATORS: Austria-Hungary; Imperial Germany; Romania; Yugoslavia
LENGTH: 25.98 feet (7.92 meters)
WIDTH: 41.01 feet (12.5 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.68 feet (2.95 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,653 pounds (750 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 2,954 pounds (1,340 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Mercedes D.II 6-cylinder inline engine developing 120 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 88 miles-per-hour (142 kilometers-per-hour; 77 knots)
RANGE: 261 miles (420 kilometers; 227 nautical miles)
CEILING: 11,483 feet (3,500 meters; 2.17 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 255 feet-per-minute (78 meters-per-minute)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Aviatik C.I Reconnaissance Biplane Aircraft.
Entry last updated on 4/11/2016.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Aviatik (Automobil und Aviatikwerke) of Germany was already involved in aircraft designs from the outset of the war, graduating from the copying of French designs to producing their own new design in the Aviatik B.I. Following that, Aviatik produced their first full military-ready design in the Aviatik C.I series, a biplane reconnaissance aircraft that would serve effectively along the Front.
The C.I was a single-engine, twin-seat biplane with a Mercedes D.II 6-cylinder engine producing upwards of 120 horsepower and driving a two-blade propeller. The system followed suit with the previous B.I in that the observer was seated in the front - just behind the engine - and the pilot was at rear. This time, the forward observer was afforded a single 7.92mm Parabellum machine gun on a flexible mounting. Though in theory, this seemed to improve upon the previous B.I system, it was soon found that the field of fire for the observer was quite restricted and the rearward seating position of the pilot was ill-suited when compared to other aircraft types coming out at the time. As such, later examples of the C.I began seating the observer (with gun) to the rear and the pilot forward, but still aft of the engine. This provided the pilot a better field of vision forwards and out of the cockpit while expanding the field of fire for the rear observer. This new arrangement produced the designation of "C.Ia".
In the end, the C.Ia performed admirably well throughout its frontline tenure, undertaking a host of reconnaissance sorties. The C.I series as a whole would be replaced by the improved C.II, which would sport an even more powerful engine, but this time showcasing the Benz brand as opposed to the Mercedes found in other Aviatik models.
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Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (88mph).
Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Aviatik C.I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units