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Kawasaki Ki-45 KAIc Toryu (Nick)

Imperial Japan (1944)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Kawasaki Ki-45 KAIc Toryu (Nick) Dedicated Night-Fighter Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 4/5/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com



  Kawasaki Ki-45 KAIc Toryu (Nick)  
Picture of Kawasaki Ki-45 KAIc Toryu (Nick) Dedicated Night-Fighter Aircraft


The Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu served as the Imperial Japanese Armys only night-fighter of the Second World war.

Despite serving in limited numbers, fielded with no search-finding radar and appearing as the only Imperial Japanese Army night-fighter of the Second World War, the Kawasaki-brand Ki-45 KAIc night-fighter platform proved a success in defense of the Japanese homeland, particularly against the new and high-level B-29 Superfortresses constantly bombarding the island. The aircraft itself was derived from IJA's own developmentally-plagued Ki-45 Toryu (translating to "Dragon Killer" and nicknamed "Nick" by the Allies) base platform that also appeared in Ki-45 KAIb heavy dayfighter form. Limitations aside, the aircraft provided some much needed defense for a nation now playing the war from a defensive standpoint.

The Ki-45 KAIc was a twin-engine two-crew aircraft built in much the same vein as the Messerschmitt BF110 and the de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito. Both engines of Mitsubishi type straddled the fuselage on low-mounted monoplane wings. The crew sat in a split greenhouse-type cockpit area in the center of the design with a single rudder fin in the aft tail assembly. Armament consisted of a single 37mm cannon with semi-automatic action in the nose. Twin 20mm cannons were mounted in an oblique upward-facing position between pilot and rear gunner in the cockpit. A single 7.92mm machine gun was fitted as a hand-held defensive measure in the rear cockpit.

Though one might wonder why the aircraft was fitted with just a single 37mm cannon in the nose it is because the intent was there to fit an AI-type radar into the nose assembly in conjunction with the armament. This never materialized due to production difficulties but the systems were nevertheless fielded as nightfighters with competent and overall promising results.
Any available statistics for the Kawasaki Ki-45 KAIc Toryu (Nick) Dedicated Night-Fighter Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).
Kawasaki Ki-45 KAIc Toryu (Nick) Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Imperial Japan
Year: 1944
Type: Dedicated Night-Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Kawasaki - Japan
Production: 477
Supported Mission Types
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
Structural
Crew: 2
Length: 36.09 ft (11 m)
Width: 49.28 ft (15.02 m)
Height: 12.14 ft (3.70 m)
Empty Weight: 8,818 lb (4,000 kg)
MTOW: 12,125 lb (5,500 kg)


Installed Power
2 x Mitsubishi Ha-102 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines developing 1,080 horsepower each.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 336 mph (540 kph; 292 kts)
Maximum Range: 1,243 mi (2,000 km; 1,080 nm)
Service Ceiling: 32,808 ft (10,000 m; 6.21 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 2,343 ft/min (714 m/min)


Armament
STANDARD:
1 x 37mm Type 98 cannon in forward-firing nose mount
2 x 20mm Ho-5 cannon in upward-firing fuselage position
1 x 7.92mm machine gun in hand-held dorsal gun position


Operators List
Imperial Japan

Series Model Variants
• Ki-45 - Prototype Model Designation
• Ki-45 KAI - Prototype Model Designation and Pre-Production Model Designation.
• Ki-45 KAIa - Initial Production Variant; fitted with 1 x 20mm cannon, 2 x 12.7mm machine guns and 1 x 7.92mm machine (rear cockpit).
• Ki-45 KAIb - Fitted with Mitsubishi Ha-102 at 1,050 horsepower; armament consisted of 1 x 37mm forward-firing fuselage mounted cannon, 1 x 20mm cannon in nose and 1 x 7.92mm machine gun in rear cokcpit; trialled with 75mm cannon for anti-shipping duty.
• Ka-45 KAIc - Dedicated Night-Fighter Variant; fitted with 1 x 37mm cannon, 2 x 20mm cannons and 1 x 7.92mm machine gun.
• Ki-45 KAId - Maritime Patrol Fighter
• Ki-45 II - Proposed Experimental Model


Supported Weapon Systems
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon