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Airspeed Oxford

Military Combat Crew Trainer Aircraft

Airspeed Oxford

Military Combat Crew Trainer Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



The Airspeed Oxford was a priceless trainer in use by British and Commonwealth forces throughout the Second World War.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United Kingdom
YEAR: 1937
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Airspeed Ltd - UK
PRODUCTION: 8,586
OPERATORS: Australia; Belgium; Burma (Myanmar); Ceylon (Sri Lanka); Denmark; Canada; Czechoslovakia; Egypt; France (Free French Forces; Greece; India; Iran; Israel; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Poland; Portugal; South Africa; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States; Yugoslavia
National flag of Australia
AUS
National flag of Belgium
BEL
National flag of Canada
CAN
National flag of Czechoslovakia
CZE
National flag of Denmark
DEN
National flag of Egypt
EGY
National flag of France
FRA
National flag of Greece
GRE
National flag of India
IND
National flag of Iran
IRA
National flag of Israel
ISR
National flag of Myanmar
MYM
National flag of Netherlands
NED
National flag of New Zealand
NZ
National flag of Norway
NOR
National flag of Poland
POL
National flag of Portugal
POR
National flag of South Africa
SAF
National flag of Sri Lanka
SRI
National flag of Turkey
TUR
National flag of United Kingdom
UK
National flag of United States
USA
National flag of Yugoslavia
YGO
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Airspeed Oxford Mk I model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 3
POWER: 2 x Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah X air-cooled radial piston engines developing 355 horsepower each.
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Armament



OPTIONAL:
1 x 7.7mm Vickers K Machine Gun in dorsal gun position.
16 x 11.5lb practice bombs (drop bombs) in internal bomb bay.
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Variants / Models



• AS.10 Oxford Mk I - Bombing/Gunnery Trainer; increased wingspan from commercial model; fitted with Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah IX radial engines of 355 horsepower in engine cowls; redesigned nose assembly.
• AS.10 Oxford Mk II - Radio/Navigation Trainer; sans powered turret.
• AS.10 Oxford Mk III - Radio/Navigation Trainer; fitted with 2 x Cheetah XV engines of 425 horsepower.
• AS.10 Oxford Mk IV - Developmental Test Bed Aircraft for de Havilland Gipsy Queen IV powerplants.
• Oxford T.II - Improved Oxford; mostly converted from Oxford Mk.I models (8); 9 examples.
• AS.40 Oxford - Civilian conversion model; radio testbed; 2 examples converted.
• AS.41 Oxford - Developmental Test Bed Aircraft for Alvis Leonides powerplant; single example.
• AS.42 Oxford - New Zealand Air Force Variant
• AS.43 Oxford - Survey Platform based on AS.42 model.
• AS.46 Oxford Mk V - Fitted with Pratt & Whitney R-985 radial engines of 450 horsepower; final production variant; standardized model for Oxford Mk I and Oxford Mk II types.
• AS.65 Consul - Civilian Post-War Transport Models.


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Airspeed Oxford Military Combat Crew Trainer Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/20/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Airspeed Oxford was a critical component of the British and Commonwealth forces aerial training program during World War 2. The type appeared in two notable forms as the "Oxford I" and the "Oxford II" with a few subvariants emerging between. The Oxford I series was charged with the training of bomber and gunnery personnel while the Oxford II was used to train navigators and radio personnel on the finer points of their respective crafts. As such, the Oxford series as a whole became a rather indispensable addition to the British Empire - serving to train numerous aircrews for their very specialized functions. First flight of the prototype occurred on June 19th, 1937.

Design-wise, the Airspeed Oxford was of a conventional design and overall arrangement. The engines were mounted along the leading edges of their respective low monoplane wings which straddled the cockpit. The cockpit was, itself, heavily glazed to provide for maximum views at nearly all angles in flight (including a perfect view of each engine). A single vertical tail fin was affixed to the tail unit as were a pair of horizontal tailplanes. There were enough crew accommodations for up to three personnel. The undercarriage was of a tail-dragger configuration, made up of a pair of single-wheeled main landing gear legs and a small tail wheel at the rear. Only the main legs were retractable and these only partially so under each engine nacelle.

Armament was optional and utilized in the training of bomber and gunnery personnel. A 7.7mm Vickers K machine gun could be mounted to a dorsal position while 16 x 11.5lb practice bombs could be stowed in the internal bomb bay.

The Airspeed Oxford went on to see extensive service in the inventories of many countries before her tenure had ended. Some 8,586 examples were produced in all.




Media







Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (192mph).

Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
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  BER
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  MSK
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  TKY
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  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Airspeed Oxford Mk I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (8,586)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
8586
8586

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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