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Airspeed Oxford

Gunnery / Bomber / Navigation / Radio Crew Trainer

Airspeed Oxford

Gunnery / Bomber / Navigation / Radio Crew Trainer

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Airspeed Oxford was a priceless trainer in use by British and Commonwealth forces throughout the Second World War.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United Kingdom
YEAR: 1937
MANUFACTURER(S): Airspeed Ltd - UK
PRODUCTION: 8,586
OPERATORS: Australia; Belgium; Burma (Myanmar); Ceylon (Sri Lanka); Denmark; Canada; Czechoslovakia; Egypt; France (Free French Forces; Greece; India; Iran; Israel; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Poland; Portugal; South Africa; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States; Yugoslavia
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Airspeed Oxford model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 3
LENGTH: 34.48 feet (10.51 meters)
WIDTH: 53.31 feet (16.25 meters)
HEIGHT: 11.09 feet (3.38 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 5,335 pounds (2,420 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 7,518 pounds (3,410 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah X radial engines generating 355hp each.
SPEED (MAX): 192 miles-per-hour (309 kilometers-per-hour; 167 knots)
RANGE: 932 miles (1,500 kilometers; 810 nautical miles)
CEILING: 23,556 feet (7,180 meters; 4.46 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,340 feet-per-minute (408 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



OPTIONAL:
1 x 7.7mm Vickers K machine gun in dorsal gun position.
16 x 11.5lb practice bombs in internal bomb bay.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• AS.10 Oxford Mk I - Bombing/Gunnery Trainer; increased wingspan from commercial model; fitted with Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah IX radial engines of 355 horsepower in engine cowls; redesigned nose assembly.
• AS.10 Oxford Mk II - Radio/Navigation Trainer; sans powered turret.
• AS.10 Oxford Mk III - Radio/Navigation Trainer; fitted with 2 x Cheetah XV engines of 425 horsepower.
• AS.10 Oxford Mk IV - Developmental Test Bed Aircraft for de Havilland Gipsy Queen IV powerplants.
• Oxford T.II - Improved Oxford; mostly converted from Oxford Mk.I models (8); 9 examples.
• AS.40 Oxford - Civilian conversion model; radio testbed; 2 examples converted.
• AS.41 Oxford - Developmental Test Bed Aircraft for Alvis Leonides powerplant; single example.
• AS.42 Oxford - New Zealand Air Force Variant
• AS.43 Oxford - Survey Platform based on AS.42 model.
• AS.46 Oxford Mk V - Fitted with Pratt & Whitney R-985 radial engines of 450 horsepower; final production variant; standardized model for Oxford Mk I and Oxford Mk II types.
• AS.65 Consul - Civilian Post-War Transport Models.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Airspeed Oxford Gunnery / Bomber / Navigation / Radio Crew Trainer.  Entry last updated on 3/25/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Airspeed Oxford was a critical component of the British and Commonwealth forces aerial training program during World War 2. The type appeared in two notable forms as the "Oxford I" and the "Oxford II" with a few subvariants emerging between. The Oxford I series was charged with the training of bomber and gunnery personnel while the Oxford II was used to train navigators and radio personnel on the finer points of their respective crafts. As such, the Oxford series as a whole became a rather indispensable addition to the British Empire - serving to train numerous aircrews for their very specialized functions. First flight of the prototype occurred on June 19th, 1937.

Design-wise, the Airspeed Oxford was of a conventional design and overall arrangement. The engines were mounted along the leading edges of their respective low monoplane wings which straddled the cockpit. The cockpit was, itself, heavily glazed to provide for maximum views at nearly all angles in flight (including a perfect view of each engine). A single vertical tail fin was affixed to the tail unit as were a pair of horizontal tailplanes. There were enough crew accommodations for up to three personnel. The undercarriage was of a tail-dragger configuration, made up of a pair of single-wheeled main landing gear legs and a small tail wheel at the rear. Only the main legs were retractable and these only partially so under each engine nacelle.

Armament was optional and utilized in the training of bomber and gunnery personnel. A 7.7mm Vickers K machine gun could be mounted to a dorsal position while 16 x 11.5lb practice bombs could be stowed in the internal bomb bay.

The Airspeed Oxford went on to see extensive service in the inventories of many countries before her tenure had ended. Some 8,586 examples were produced in all.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (192mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Airspeed Oxford Mk I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
8586
8586

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue