Military Factory logo

Airspeed Oxford

United Kingdom (1937)
Picture of Airspeed Oxford Gunnery / Bomber / Navigation / Radio Crew Trainer

The Airspeed Oxford was a priceless trainer in use by British and Commonwealth forces throughout the Second World War.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Airspeed Oxford Gunnery / Bomber / Navigation / Radio Crew Trainer.  Entry last updated on 3/25/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Airspeed Oxford was a critical component of the British and Commonwealth forces aerial training program during World War 2. The type appeared in two notable forms as the "Oxford I" and the "Oxford II" with a few subvariants emerging between. The Oxford I series was charged with the training of bomber and gunnery personnel while the Oxford II was used to train navigators and radio personnel on the finer points of their respective crafts. As such, the Oxford series as a whole became a rather indispensable addition to the British Empire - serving to train numerous aircrews for their very specialized functions. First flight of the prototype occurred on June 19th, 1937.

Design-wise, the Airspeed Oxford was of a conventional design and overall arrangement. The engines were mounted along the leading edges of their respective low monoplane wings which straddled the cockpit. The cockpit was, itself, heavily glazed to provide for maximum views at nearly all angles in flight (including a perfect view of each engine). A single vertical tail fin was affixed to the tail unit as were a pair of horizontal tailplanes. There were enough crew accommodations for up to three personnel. The undercarriage was of a tail-dragger configuration, made up of a pair of single-wheeled main landing gear legs and a small tail wheel at the rear. Only the main legs were retractable and these only partially so under each engine nacelle.

Armament was optional and utilized in the training of bomber and gunnery personnel. A 7.7mm Vickers K machine gun could be mounted to a dorsal position while 16 x 11.5lb practice bombs could be stowed in the internal bomb bay.

The Airspeed Oxford went on to see extensive service in the inventories of many countries before her tenure had ended. Some 8,586 examples were produced in all.

Any available statistics for the Airspeed Oxford Gunnery / Bomber / Navigation / Radio Crew Trainer are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (192mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Airspeed Oxford Mk I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
8586
8586


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: United Kingdom
Year: 1937
Type: Gunnery / Bomber / Navigation / Radio Crew Trainer
Manufacturer(s): Airspeed Ltd - UK
Production: 8,586
Global Operators:
Australia; Belgium; Burma (Myanmar); Ceylon (Sri Lanka); Denmark; Canada; Czechoslovakia; Egypt; France (Free French Forces; Greece; India; Iran; Israel; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Poland; Portugal; South Africa; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States; Yugoslavia
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Airspeed Oxford Mk I model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
3


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
34.48 ft


Meters
10.51 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
53.31 ft


Meters
16.25 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
11.09 ft


Meters
3.38 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
5,335 lb


Kilograms
2,420 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
7,518 lb


Kilograms
3,410 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah X radial engines generating 355hp each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
192 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
309 kph


Knots
167 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
932 mi


Kilometers
1,500 km


Nautical Miles
810 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
23,556 ft


Meters
7,180 m


Miles
4.46 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
1,340 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
408 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

OPTIONAL:
1 x 7.7mm Vickers K machine gun in dorsal gun position.
16 x 11.5lb practice bombs in internal bomb bay.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• AS.10 Oxford Mk I - Bombing/Gunnery Trainer; increased wingspan from commercial model; fitted with Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah IX radial engines of 355 horsepower in engine cowls; redesigned nose assembly.
• AS.10 Oxford Mk II - Radio/Navigation Trainer; sans powered turret.
• AS.10 Oxford Mk III - Radio/Navigation Trainer; fitted with 2 x Cheetah XV engines of 425 horsepower.
• AS.10 Oxford Mk IV - Developmental Test Bed Aircraft for de Havilland Gipsy Queen IV powerplants.
• Oxford T.II - Improved Oxford; mostly converted from Oxford Mk.I models (8); 9 examples.
• AS.40 Oxford - Civilian conversion model; radio testbed; 2 examples converted.
• AS.41 Oxford - Developmental Test Bed Aircraft for Alvis Leonides powerplant; single example.
• AS.42 Oxford - New Zealand Air Force Variant
• AS.43 Oxford - Survey Platform based on AS.42 model.
• AS.46 Oxford Mk V - Fitted with Pratt & Whitney R-985 radial engines of 450 horsepower; final production variant; standardized model for Oxford Mk I and Oxford Mk II types.
• AS.65 Consul - Civilian Post-War Transport Models.