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Henschel Hs 132

Nazi Germany (1945)
Picture of Henschel Hs 132 Single-Seat Jet-Powered Dive Bomber Aircraft Prototype
Picture of Henschel Hs 132 Single-Seat Jet-Powered Dive Bomber Aircraft Prototype

The Henschel Hs 132 was intended as a jet-powered dive bomber but only one completed prototype was available before the end of World War 2.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Henschel Hs 132 Single-Seat Jet-Powered Dive Bomber Aircraft Prototype.  Entry last updated on 9/14/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Henschel Hs 132 was another in the long line of ambitious German jet-powered designs under development in the closing years of World War 2 (1939-1945). The aircraft was developed in response to the mounting losses inherent with the plodding, yet still effective, Ju 87 Stuka dive bombers against ever-increasing Soviet fighter presence, the Hs 132 was intended as a jet-powered alternative to the piston-engine design which dated back to the prewar 1930s. Its proposed replacement offered a revolutionary design but never proceeded past the prototype stage by the time the Soviets overran development facilities - only a single prototype was ever completed with three still under construction during the closing months of the conflict in 1945. All three were confiscated by the Soviet invaders.

At its core, the Hs 132 was largely a fundamental design with a well-streamlined and slender fuselage. The nose was capped with the cockpit under large transparent panels for maximum viewing. The tail utilized a traditional split-rudder fin arrangement. The wing mainplanes were straight with dihedral (upward angle) and a tricycle undercarriage was used that was wholly retractable. The most interesting design feature of this aircraft as its fuselage-spine-mounted BMW 109-003E02 turbojet engine which sat above and behind the cockpit, exhausting over the aft section of fuselage making up the empennage. The Hs 132 mimicked much of what made the Heinkel He 162 "Volksjager" such an iconic wartime jet fighter.

Unlike the He 162 - which was developed as a low-cost, low-maintenance point defense fighter - the Hs 132 was developed along the lines of a dive bomber to success the Ju 87 series. Due to the slender design of the fuselage, the pilot was to lay prone in the cockpit - the thought being that a prone man could withstand greater G-forces during a dive upon a target. Proposed armament was to be a single 1,102 pound bomb held under the belly in a recessed area. Fixed armament proposed included 2 x 20mm MG 151 cannons or 2 x 20mm MG 151 cannons with 2 x 30mm MK 103 cannons.
Initial work of the Hs 132 began during 1944 with Henschel submitting their design to authorities. Due to the limitation of certain war-making goods - namely valuable metal - wood construction was to make up a large part of the Hs 132's construction.

Three prototypes eventually emerged: the Hs 132 V1 was the first model and only one of the three to reach a complete stage of construction. The V2 prototype was envisioned to carry the same 1,102 pound drop ordnance but a pair of MG 151 20mm cannons were to be fixed into the fuselage. Similarly, the upcoming V3 prototype was to broaden the V2's armament fit by adding 2 x 30mm MK 103 cannons while retaining the single bomb under the belly.

Of course all of this work fell to naught as Soviet forces closed in and captured the development facilities. This left the Hs 132 to the pages of history and the imagination - a possible potent performance bomber over the battlefields of World War 2 - certainly a much-needed upgrade over the original Ju 87.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (485mph).

    Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Henschel Hs 132 V1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1945
Type: Single-Seat Jet-Powered Dive Bomber Aircraft Prototype
Manufacturer(s): Henschel Flugzeugwerke A.G. - Nazi Germany
Production: 1
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany (cancelled)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
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Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Henschel Hs 132 V1 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
29.20 ft


Meters
8.9 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
23.62 ft


Meters
7.2 m


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
7,496 lb


Kilograms
3,400 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x BMW 109-003E-2 turbojet engine developing 1,764 pounds of thrust.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
485 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
780 kph


Knots
421 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
423 mi


Kilometers
680 km


Nautical Miles
367 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
33,629 ft


Meters
10,250 m


Miles
6.37 mi

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (1):

PROPOSED ARMAMENT:

Hs 132 V1:
1 x 1,102lb bomb in recessed fuselage position

Hs 132 V2:
2 x 20mm MG 151 cannons in nose
1 x 1,102lb bomb in recessed fuselage position

Hs 132 V3:
2 x 20mm MG 151 cannons
2 x 30mm MK 103 cannons
1 x 1,102lb bomb in recessed fuselage position
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Hs 132 - Base Series Designation
• Hs 132 V1 - Single prototype of a total of 3 examples under construction that was completed before war's end; fitted with a single BMW 109-003E-2 turbojet; proposed armament of 1 x 1,102lb bomb underfuselage.
• Hs 132 V2 - Proposed Prototype; intended provision for a single 1,102lb bomb with 2 x 20mm MG151 cannons in nose; intended powerplant was to be a 1,984lb thrust engine.
• Hs 132 V3 - Proposed Prototype;