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Daher TBM (series)

Single-Engine, Turboprop-Powered Passenger / Utility Aircraft

Daher TBM (series)

Single-Engine, Turboprop-Powered Passenger / Utility Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Daher-SOCATA turboprop-powered passenger hauler has seen production reach nearly 1,000 units since service entry in 1990.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: France
YEAR: 1990
STATUS: Active, In-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Daher (SOCATA / EADS) - France
PRODUCTION: 900
OPERATORS: France; United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Daher TBM (series) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 35.27 feet (10.75 meters)
WIDTH: 42.16 feet (12.85 meters)
HEIGHT: 14.27 feet (4.35 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 4,630 pounds (2,100 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 7,397 pounds (3,355 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-66D turboprop engine driving a five-bladed Hartzell propeller at the nose.
SPEED (MAX): 382 miles-per-hour (615 kilometers-per-hour; 332 knots)
RANGE: 2,054 miles (3,305 kilometers; 1,785 nautical miles)
CEILING: 31,168 feet (9,500 meters; 5.90 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,635 feet-per-minute (498 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• TBM - Base Series Name.
• TBM 700A - Initial production model; powered by PWC PT6A-64 engine series.
• TBM 700B - Enlarged door.
• TBM 700C1 - Improved model; strengthened structure; rear, unpressurized cargo area.
• TBM 700C2 - Increased MTOW.
• TBM 700N - Early-form production models of the TBM 850 series design.
• TBM 850 - Improved performance variant; PWC PT6A-66D series 850hp engines.
• TBM 850 G1000 - Garmin G1000 avionics fit; increased fuel capacity.
• TBM 850 "Elite" - Modernized TBM 850; increased internal space.
• TBM 900 - Improved TBM 850; winglets added for fuel efficiency and control; increased performance all-around.
• TBM 910 - Model of April 2017; Garmin G1000 NXi avionics.
• TBM 930 - Model of April 2016; Garmin G3000 avionics.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Daher TBM (series) Single-Engine, Turboprop-Powered Passenger / Utility Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 11/1/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The TBM series of turboprop-powered, high-performance passenger haulers was developed under the French brand label of SOCATA and U.S.-based Mooney Airplane Company. SOCATA then fell under the EADS parent label before becoming Daher-SOCATA, now known simply as "Daher". The Mooney Airplane Company now falls under Chinese ownership and is owned by the Soaring America Corporation.

The TBM offers VIP-level comfort and exceptional performance for an aircraft of this class. Seating is between four and six depending on production model and seating configuration. The Pratt & Whitney Canada turboprop provides jet-like performance with the efficiency and reliability of a propeller-driven combustion engine. The line is noted for its excellent short-field performance, giving it access to more remote runways of the world where business jets typically cannot access.

The aircraft features a single engine design with the powerplant seated in the long nose section. The cockpit is fitted just aft of it and seats two side-by-side with relatively good vision out-of-the-cockpit. The fuselage also houses the multi-seat passenger cabin and cargo area before tapering towards the rear. The tail unit is comprised of a single vertical fin with low-mounted horizontal planes. The wing mainplanes are low-mounted and unswept along the fuselage sides - newer models sport fuel-saving "winglets". Ground-running is accomplished by a robust tricycle undercarriage which is wholly retractable.

To date (2018), total production of the TBM series has reached 900 aircraft and the family encompasses several notable variants ranging from the original 700-series to the newer 900-series.

TBM 700

The TBM 700 was introduced to the marketplace in 1990 through the TBM 700A offering and its powerful PWC PT6A-64 turboprop engine fit. This was then followed by the TBM 700B with added an enlarged passenger entry/exit door to facilitate passenger and cargo loading/unloading while other changes improved passenger comfort. The TBM 700C had its airframe reinforced and its avionics suite upgraded as well as a new cargo bay added behind the passenger seating area. The TBM 700C2 was given a reinforced undercarriage with all-new seating for passengers and performance was improved as well.

The TBM 700 is marketed with a maximum range of 1,305 nautical miles and a cruising speed reaching 300 knots. It carries six passengers and has a useful load of 1,347lb. Its take-off distance is 2,133feet. Power is from a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-64 inverse-flow turbine offering 700 horsepower while driving a Hartzell propeller unit.

TBM 850

The TBM 850 was introduced in 2006 and differed in carrying the higher-performance Pratt & Whitney PT6A-66D turboprop engine of 700-850 horsepower. In 2008, the Garmin G1000 avionics suite was brought online with the series and 2012 saw the arrival of the "Elite Interior" model which gave modularity to the passenger seating arrangement and cargo options (switching between a four or six seat configuration).

The TBM 850 has a maximum range out to 1,585 nautical miles and cruises at speeds of 320 knots. It can carry six passengers in comfort and has a payload rating of 1,453lb. Take-off distance is 2,840 feet.




TBM 900

The TBM 900 has improved the family line by introduction of a carbon-fiber cowling section, composite winglets, all-new propeller spinner design, revised exhaust system, and added dorsal fin. Internally, passenger comfort has been enhanced to provide the best VIP experience for an aircraft of this class. The cockpit is updated with automated pressurization control, revised electrical/power systems, simplified engine starting and controls, and weather radar overlay. Three large, color displays dominate the instrument panel with throttle controls seated between the two pilots (yoke controls and rudder pedals are doubled in the cockpit allowing the aircraft to be piloted form either position).

The airframe has been given attention in the areas of fracture-prevention, strength, and extended service life. The winglets measure 2 feet in height and are positioned at the extreme tips of each wing mainplane member. Beyond aerodynamics, the winglets offer additional controlling, reduced drag, and fuel efficiency. The tail has been aerodynamically refined to reduce drag and improve efficiency. External lighting has also been enhanced. The undercarriage benefits from the addition of an inner door to better combat the effects of turbulence encountered near the landing gear wells.

The TBM 900 is powered by the Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-66D turboprop engine of 850 horsepower giving the platform a maximum range of 1,730 nautical miles and a speed of 330 knots. It can carry six with a maximum payload reaching 1,400lb. Take-off distance is 2,380 feet.

TBM 910

The TBM 910 of 2017 is built upon the improved framework of the TBM 900 model so it offers the same performance, range and qualities of the earlier product. The TBM 910 sports an all-glass cockpit centered on the Garmin G1000 NXi avionics fit (succeeding the G1000 unit) and improves passenger comfort through new seats.

The aircraft has a maximum range out to 1,730 nautical miles with a maximum cruising speed of 30 knots. It carries six passengers and has a payload maximum of 1,400lb with a take-off distance of 2,380 feet.

TBM 930

The TBM 930 of 2018 features the Garmin G3000 avionics fit which fully-integrates various systems into the pilot's workflow. The instrument panel sports three high-resolution displays with full touch-screen control. All other refinements and improvements of the 900 series are carried over to provide the best flying capabilities and crew/passenger comforts possible.

The TBM 930 offers a maximum range out to 1,730 nautical miles and reaches speeds of 330 knots. Six persons can be carried in the cabin space and the payload is rated up to 1,400lb. Take-off distance reaches 2,380 feet.

Service

Beyond its obvious general aviation value, the TBM has been taken into service at the military level with the French Air Force as well as its Army Light Aviation branch. Fifteen serve the former while eight serve the latter as of this writing (2018).




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (382mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Daher TBM 900's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
900
900

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
In the Cockpit...
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.