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SPAD S.XIII

Single-Seat, Single-Engine Biplane Fighter Aircraft

SPAD S.XIII

Single-Seat, Single-Engine Biplane Fighter Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The SPAD S.XIII proved an excellent development of the successful SPAD S.VII design.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: France
YEAR: 1917
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Societe Pour l'Avions et ses Derives (SPAD) - France
PRODUCTION: 8,472
OPERATORS: Argentina; Belgium; Brazil; Czechoslovakia; France; Greece; Kingdom of Italy; Imperial Japan; Imperial Russia; Poland; Siam (Thailand); Spain; Turkey; United Kingdom; Uruguay; United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the SPAD S.XIII model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 20.31 feet (6.19 meters)
WIDTH: 26.25 feet (8 meters)
HEIGHT: 6.89 feet (2.1 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,243 pounds (564 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 1,806 pounds (819 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Hispano-Suiza 8BEc water-cooled inline engine generating 235hp.
SPEED (MAX): 138 miles-per-hour (222 kilometers-per-hour; 120 knots)
CEILING: 21,818 feet (6,650 meters; 4.13 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,312 feet-per-minute (400 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
2 x 7.7mm Vickers machine guns
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• A.2
• S.VII - Fitted with either Hispano-Suiza 150hp 8Aa or the 180hp 8Ac powerplants; 6,000 produced.
• S.XI
• S.XII - Fitted with Hispano-Suiza HS 8Bc (200hp) / HS 8Bec (220hp) engines; 300 examples produced.
• S.XIII - Increased wingpan; improved powerplant; 2 x 7.7 machine guns; 8,500 produced.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the SPAD S.XIII Single-Seat, Single-Engine Biplane Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/4/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The SPAD S.XIII (S.13) was a further development of the successful SPAD S.VII (S.7) design, the latter eventually becoming outclassed by the newer and better German aircraft designs of World War 1. The S.XIII would prove a success for SPAD (Societe Pour l'Aviation et ses Derives), adding yet another fine fighter aircraft to its resume and a formidable platform to the conflict. The S.XIII featured an increased wingspan, more powerful engines and dual machine gun systems along with more subtle changes in design over the S.VII. In the end, over 8,400 examples would roll off the assembly lines.

Configuration of the S.XIII was similar in most respects to the S.VII before it. The pilot, wings, landing gear and engine were all mounted to the forward end of the fuselage. Construction was of an internal wood structure with a fabric covering along with light alloy used near the engine area. The biplane wings were of equal span, with the lower component aligned directly with the upper. The pilot sat to the rear of the upper wing assembly in an open-air cockpit with a forward view overlooking the twin 7.7mm Vickers machine guns - these synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller via an interrupter gear. The S.XIII achieved first flight on April 4th, 1917 and was in operational service along the frontlines by May of that year.

In combat, the S.XIII proved its worth (and pedigree for that matter). The aircraft was able to out-fly the German D.VII types well enough and compared favorably to even the fabled Sopwith Camel. Structurally, the S.XIII was sound enough to withstand a good deal of punishment before inevitably giving in. This structural integrity generally made diving a supreme tactic for S.XIII users. If the design sported any major flaw it was in its reduced maneuverability at slower speeds - this alone led to dangers in both combat and in bringing the aircraft in for a landing.

Nevertheless, the S.XIII proved a popular mount for allied aces including American Eddie Rickenbacker and Frenchmen Rene Fonck and Georges Guynemer (Guynemer personally making a case for an improved S.VII, eventually leading to the development of the S.XIII). The type served with air forces across the globe even in the post-war years.

Like the S.VII before it, the S.XIII was designed by Louis Bechereau.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (138mph).

    Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
8472
8472

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue