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Wright Model L

Scout Biplane Aircraft Prototype

Wright Model L

Scout Biplane Aircraft Prototype

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The last aircraft to receive design input from the Wright Brothers - the Model L biplane - proved a commercial failure for the Wright Company and forced a focus on aero-engines instead.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1916
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Wright Company - USA
PRODUCTION: 25
OPERATORS: United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Wright Model L model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 24.28 feet (7.4 meters)
WIDTH: 28.87 feet (8.8 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 849 pounds (385 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x 6-cylinder engine developing 75 horsepower while driving two-bladed wooden propeller at the nose.
SPEED (MAX): 81 miles-per-hour (130 kilometers-per-hour; 70 knots)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Model L - Base Series Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Wright Model L Scout Biplane Aircraft Prototype.  Entry last updated on 5/21/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The final aircraft to be produced by the Wright Company was the Wright "Model L". Designed and developed along the lines of a fast military-minded reconnaissance platform (referred to during the period as a "scout"), the aircraft followed conventional thinking of 1916 with its biplane wing arrangement, open -air cockpit and fixed wheeled undercarriage. The wings were affixed to one another by way of parallel struts and cabling assisted in controlling the new aircraft. This product became the last aircraft to receive any input from one of the famous brothers.

As speed for the design was of the essence, much care was taken to produce a most streamlined shape and this resulted in a relatively clean, long fuselage showcasing slab sides and the engine fitted to the nose in the usual way, driving a two-bladed wooden propeller. The aft section of the aircraft was dominated by a rather large and ungainly tailplane arrangement - the horizontal planes were well-contoured along the sides of the empennage but of considerable surface area. Conversely, the sole vertical tail fin was small in area and rounded for aerodynamic efficiency. No foot-actuated rudder controls were fitted in the cockpit - instead such controlling was managed by a grip found on the right side of the steering-wheel-like control yoke. The engine powering the aircraft was an in-house Wright 6-60 series installation.

In testing the Model L was proven to be no faster than competing designs of the period - it reached approximately 80 miles per hour in its basic load out as too much drag was being generated by the large horizontal tail surfaces. This eventually led to very little interest on the part of military players around the globe - included the United States Army's air service branch. With no endorsement to be found at home, the product saw even less interest overseas - this even amidst a World War over Europe.

As such the Wright Model L proved a market failure for the company and forced its attention on the design and development of aero-engines and automobile engines for the foreseeable future. This opened a new chapter for the company as Wright became associated with many of the powerplants fitted to various aircraft that emerged in the decades ahead - well into World War 2.

The Wright company name was eventually merged with the famous Glenn L. Martin company to form Wright-Martin Aircraft Corporation. The arrangement fell apart shortly thereafter when Martin himself resigned and the company became Wright Aeronautical in 1919 and then ending as Curtiss-Wright Corporation in a 1929 merger.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (81mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
25
25

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue