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Junkers Ju EF 132

Nazi Germany (1946)
Picture of Junkers Ju EF 132 Jet-Powered Fast Bomber Proposal

The EF 132 became the last aircraft project handled by the Junkers concern during World War 2.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Junkers Ju EF 132 Jet-Powered Fast Bomber Proposal.  Entry last updated on 4/3/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The German Luftwaffe seized on the importance of jet-powered aircraft in the mid-to-latter stages of World War 2 (1939-1945). Chief developments became the Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe" jet fighter and the Arado Ar 234 "Blitz" fast bomber. There were even more designs that never would see the light of day for the conflict was over too quickly for German engineers to deliver a winning design amidst a faltering war effort. For Junkers, its final contribution to German airpower in the war became Project "EF 132" - a proposed high-speed, jet-powered fast bomber.

In many ways the last few designs offered by the Junkers concern held inspiration from the earlier Ju 287 jet-powered tactical bomber proposal (detailed elsewhere on this site). In this design a heavily-glazed nose section was used and a crew of two managed her varied onboard systems - including remote-controlled defensive gun positions aimed by way of periscopes. One of the more unique qualities of the Ju 287 was its swept-forward wing - a rather futuristic feature for the period - carrying underslung, podded turbojet engines. While only one flyable example was built and a first flight held in August of 1944, the design (including two unfinished prototypes) eventually fell to the advancing Soviets whose used it to further their own research into high-speed, jet-powered flight across several related iterations of the basic Ju 287 design.

The EF 132 continued some of the established qualities of the Ju 287 including a heavily-glazed nose section, single vertical tail fin and wholly retractable tricycle undercarriage. A bomb bay allowed for conventional drop ordnance to be carried internally and power was to be served from no fewer than six Junkers Jumo 012 series turbojets offering 5,500lb of thrust each. These would be aspirated through six intake openings found at the wing roots, conforming nicely to the wing's leading edge and overall shape. A principle change to the Junkers approach was in use of a swept-back, high-mounted wing mainplane which gave the EF 132 offering a more modern appearance. Its crew would number five in a pressurized cabin and six 20mm guns - held in pairs across a dorsal, ventral and tail turret - were to become standard defensive armament. The bomb load weighed in at 11,025 of drop ordnance.
Engineers estimated performance values to include a maximum speed of 580 miles per hour, a range out to 2,175 miles, a service ceiling up to 33,800 feet and a rate-of-climb nearing 2,835 feet-per-minute.

Before the end of the war in Europe, engineers had fleshed out a wind tunnel example of their new bomber to prove certain design qualities it sound. Then followed a full-scale wooden mockup to more practically assess the physical attributes of said aircraft and all of this work was handled out of the Junkers plant at Dessau which - unfortunately for the Germans - fell to the advancing Soviets in their march towards Berlin. This meant that all of the work-in-progress, and anything else having been completed by the Germans, were confiscated and eventually shipped back to far-off places of the Soviet Empire. One of the key facilities in the Soviet Union to receive both German scientists and useful project data / components was GOZ-1 and this allowed the Ju 287 and its offshoots to see continued development under new owners.

In the end, many of these early wartime turbojet-inspired projects bore little fruit as Soviet technology and applications grew beyond the original German offerings. As such, products like the EF-132 fell to history in time and, under Soviet direction, it was formally terminated in June of 1948 when better alternatives were being realized. By this point an incomplete EF 132 was all that materialized.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (578mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Junkers Ju EF 132's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1946
Type: Jet-Powered Fast Bomber Proposal
Manufacturer(s): Junkers - Nazi Germany
Production: 0
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany (cancelled)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Junkers Ju EF 132 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
5


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
101.05 ft


Meters
30.8 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
106.30 ft


Meters
32.4 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
27.56 ft


Meters
8.4 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
69,005 lb


Kilograms
31,300 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
143,300 lb


Kilograms
65,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
6 x Junkers Jumo 012 turbojet engines developing 5,500lb of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
578 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
930 kph


Knots
502 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
2,175 mi


Kilometers
3,500 km


Nautical Miles
1,890 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
33,793 ft


Meters
10,300 m


Miles
6.40 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
2,835 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
864 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

PROPOSED, FIXED:
2 x 20mm cannons in remote-controlled dorsal turret
2 x 20mm cannons in remote-controlled ventral turret
2 x 20mm cannons in remote-controlled tail turret

PROPOSED, OPTIONAL:
Up to 11,025lb of bombs held in an internal bay.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• EF 132 - Base Project Designation