×
Home Aircraft / Aviation Naval Warfare Land Systems Small Arms
HOME
AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 2
X-PLANE

Junkers Ju EF 132


Jet-Powered Fast Bomber Proposal


The EF 132 became the last aircraft project handled by the Junkers concern during World War 2.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/13/2018
The German Luftwaffe seized on the importance of jet-powered aircraft in the mid-to-latter stages of World War 2 (1939-1945). Chief developments became the Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe" jet fighter and the Arado Ar 234 "Blitz" fast bomber. There were even more designs that never would see the light of day for the conflict was over too quickly for German engineers to deliver a winning design amidst a faltering war effort. For Junkers, its final contribution to German airpower in the war became Project "EF 132" - a proposed high-speed, jet-powered fast bomber.

In many ways the last few designs offered by the Junkers concern held inspiration from the earlier Ju 287 jet-powered tactical bomber proposal (detailed elsewhere on this site). In this design a heavily-glazed nose section was used and a crew of two managed her varied onboard systems - including remote-controlled defensive gun positions aimed by way of periscopes. One of the more unique qualities of the Ju 287 was its swept-forward wing - a rather futuristic feature for the period - carrying underslung, podded turbojet engines. While only one flyable example was built and a first flight held in August of 1944, the design (including two unfinished prototypes) eventually fell to the advancing Soviets whose used it to further their own research into high-speed, jet-powered flight across several related iterations of the basic Ju 287 design.

The EF 132 continued some of the established qualities of the Ju 287 including a heavily-glazed nose section, single vertical tail fin and wholly retractable tricycle undercarriage. A bomb bay allowed for conventional drop ordnance to be carried internally and power was to be served from no fewer than six Junkers Jumo 012 series turbojets offering 5,500lb of thrust each. These would be aspirated through six intake openings found at the wing roots, conforming nicely to the wing's leading edge and overall shape. A principle change to the Junkers approach was in use of a swept-back, high-mounted wing mainplane which gave the EF 132 offering a more modern appearance. Its crew would number five in a pressurized cabin and six 20mm guns - held in pairs across a dorsal, ventral and tail turret - were to become standard defensive armament. The bomb load weighed in at 11,025 of drop ordnance.

Engineers estimated performance values to include a maximum speed of 580 miles per hour, a range out to 2,175 miles, a service ceiling up to 33,800 feet and a rate-of-climb nearing 2,835 feet-per-minute.

Before the end of the war in Europe, engineers had fleshed out a wind tunnel example of their new bomber to prove certain design qualities it sound. Then followed a full-scale wooden mockup to more practically assess the physical attributes of said aircraft and all of this work was handled out of the Junkers plant at Dessau which - unfortunately for the Germans - fell to the advancing Soviets in their march towards Berlin. This meant that all of the work-in-progress, and anything else having been completed by the Germans, were confiscated and eventually shipped back to far-off places of the Soviet Empire. One of the key facilities in the Soviet Union to receive both German scientists and useful project data / components was GOZ-1 and this allowed the Ju 287 and its offshoots to see continued development under new owners.

In the end, many of these early wartime turbojet-inspired projects bore little fruit as Soviet technology and applications grew beyond the original German offerings. As such, products like the EF-132 fell to history in time and, under Soviet direction, it was formally terminated in June of 1948 when better alternatives were being realized. By this point an incomplete EF 132 was all that materialized.






Specifications



Year:
1946
Status
Cancelled
Crew
5
[ 0 Units ] :
Junkers - Nazi Germany
National flag of Germany National flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (cancelled)
- Ground Attack
- X-Plane / Developmental
Length:
101.05 ft (30.8 m)
Width/Span:
106.30 ft (32.4 m)
Height:
27.56 ft (8.4 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Junkers Ju EF 132 production model)
Empty Weight:
69,005 lb (31,300 kg)
MTOW:
143,300 lb (65,000 kg)
(Diff: +74,296lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Junkers Ju EF 132 production model)
6 x Junkers Jumo 012 turbojet engines developing 5,500lb of thrust each.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Junkers Ju EF 132 production model)
Maximum Speed:
578 mph (930 kph; 502 kts)
Service Ceiling:
33,793 feet (10,300 m; 6.4 miles)
Maximum Range:
2,175 miles (3,500 km; 1,890 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
2,835 ft/min (864 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Junkers Ju EF 132 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
PROPOSED, FIXED:
2 x 20mm cannons in remote-controlled dorsal turret
2 x 20mm cannons in remote-controlled ventral turret
2 x 20mm cannons in remote-controlled tail turret

PROPOSED, OPTIONAL:
Up to 11,025lb of bombs held in an internal bay.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Junkers Ju EF 132 production model)
EF 132 - Base Project Designation

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes AnvilOfWar.com, GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-