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Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS (MiG-5)

Soviet Union (1940)
Picture of Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS (MiG-5) Proposed Long-Range Escort Fighter / Heavy Fighter

Several major issues greeted the promising MiG DIS heavy fighter during its short wartime existence - culminating with just two prototypes realized.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS (MiG-5) Proposed Long-Range Escort Fighter / Heavy Fighter.  Entry last updated on 5/18/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Nearly all world air services of the interwar period entertained the concept of a twin-engined "heavy fighter" intended to escort bomber formations as well as carry out individual, specialized attacks against ground targets. In many ways these were multi-role platforms before the term for aircraft became commonplace and were able to take on all manner of over-battlefield tasks all the while retaining inherent fighter-like qualities. There proved some notable ventures in the heavy fighter category - namely the British de Havilland DH.98 "Mosquito", the German Messerschmitt Bf 110, and the American Lockheed P-38 "Lightning" - while the Soviets attempted several twin-engine types for their part including the oft-overlooked entry coming from Mikoyan-Gurevich - the MiG DIS ("Dalniy Istrebitel Soprovozhdenya").

The DIS was developed to a Soviet Air Force requirement calling for a long-range fighter escort. In time the requirement grew to include several other battlefield roles including bomb delivery, torpedo delivery and fast reconnaissance. Design work began in 1940 and Mikoyan-Gurevich joined Grushin, Polikarpov, and Tairov in attempting to fill the need. The Mikoyan-Gurevich entry became the "DIS-200" and the engine of choice was set to be 2 x Charomskii series M30 or M40 systems. A streamlined fuselage, fitting the cockpit at front, was devised with a split vertical tail fin arrangement at rear. Wings were fitted well-ahead of midships and each given an underslung engine nacelle - the engines driving three-bladed propeller units. The undercarriage relied on a "tail-dragger" arrangement in which the main wheels retracted into each nacelle.

Proposed armament centered on a single 23mm VYa cannon (fitted to a removable ventral pod) with 2 x 12.7mm BS heavy machine guns and 4 x 7.62mm medium machine guns. A bomb-/torpedo-carrying capability was worked in with the load reaching up to 2,205 lb. However, if fitted with this war load, the aircraft lost its ventral cannon pod.

Because the Charomskii engines were not ready in time, the airframe was arranged with 2 x Mikulin AM-37 12-cylinder Vee-type engines developing 1,400 horsepower (each). Ground-running involving the "DIS-T" prototype began in mid-May 1941 which led to a first flight recorded on June 11th but the design quickly proved unsatisfactory performance-wise - its top reachable speed was less than 350 miles per hour. To rectify issues, changes were appropriately instituted which involved drag reduction techniques and use of four-bladed propellers and this work led to a 32mph speed increase. Still not a production-worthy platform, it was recommended that development continue to improve the product. The Axis advance towards Moscow, where the DIS-T was being worked on, forced operations to be relocated further east and delayed the program considerably. Production issues with the AM-37 engine also derailed the impending heavy fighter design (which had secured the "MiG-5" designation by now).

The DIS-200 designation was then used for the second prototype as well - the "DIS-IT". First flight of this model was recorded during January 28th, 1943 and primarily differed in its use of 2 x Shvetsov M-82F 14-cylinder radial piston engines, each outputting at 1,700 horsepower. Armament was modified to 2 x 23mm cannons and 4 x 7.62mm machine guns and performance included a maximum speed of 375 mile per hour.

By 1943, however, the Soviet situation had changed considerably from the time of the German invasion of 1941 and there proved little need for a heavy fighter type in escorting Air Force bomber formations. Instead the aircraft production focus for the Soviets fell to more tactically-minded platforms that could surgically strike Axis formations with greater accuracy. This also meant a relaxation of any range requirements for Soviet aircraft would be operating from bases closer to the enemy in their push towards Berlin. This led to a full cancellation of the MiG DIS project in October of 1943.

Any available statistics for the Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS (MiG-5) Proposed Long-Range Escort Fighter / Heavy Fighter are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (379mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS-T's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
2
2


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Soviet Union
Service Year: 1940
Classification Type: Proposed Long-Range Escort Fighter / Heavy Fighter
Manufacturer(s): Mikoyan-Gurevich OKB - Soviet Union
Production Units: 2
Global Operators:
Soviet Union (cancelled)
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Mikoyan-Gurevich DIS-T model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
36.75 ft


Meters
11.2 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
50.20 ft


Meters
15.3 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
11.15 ft


Meters
3.4 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
13,536 lb


Kilograms
6,140 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
17,769 lb


Kilograms
8,060 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Mikulin Am-37 V12 supercharged liquid-cooled inline piston engines developing 1,400 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
379 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
610 kph


Knots
329 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,417 mi


Kilometers
2,280 km


Nautical Miles
1,231 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
35,761 ft


Meters
10,900 m


Miles
6.77 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
3,000 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
914 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (1):

INTENDED:
1 x 23mm VYa cannon in removable ventral cannon pod.
2 x 12.7mm BS heavy machine guns
4 x 7.62mm ShKAS machine guns in wing roots

MODIFIED:
2 x 23mm VYa cannon in removable ventral cannon pod.
4 x 7.62mm ShKAS machine guns in wing roots

OPTIONAL:
1 x 2,205lb bomb OR torpedo in place of ventral cannon pod.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Variants: Series Model Variants
• DIS - Base Project Designation
• DIS-T - Initial prototype with 2 x Mikulin inline engines of 1,400 horsepower each.
• DIS-IT - Second prototype with 2 x Shvetsov M-82F radial engines of 1,700 horsepower each; other subtle revisions added to improved performance.
• MiG-5 - Reserved Soviet air service designation for production-quality aircraft forms (not used).