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Leonardo (AgustaWestland) HH-101 Caesar

Italy (2014)
Picture of Leonardo (AgustaWestland) HH-101 Caesar Search and Rescue (SAR) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter

The AgustaWestland HH-101 Caesar is a dedicated Search and Rescue form of the AW101 Merlin series medium-lift helicopters.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Leonardo (AgustaWestland) HH-101 Caesar Search and Rescue (SAR) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter.  Entry last updated on 11/8/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

First flying in October of 1987 and officially adopted in 1999, the AgustaWestland AW101/EH101 "Merlin" has gone on to find top-tier service with several notable military and civilian operators including Canada, Italy, Norway and the United Kingdom. These helicopters have been tasked with a variety of roles including general transport, utility and Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) operations at various levels. With its proven pedigree, the AW101 line has been forged into the HH-101 "Caesar", a dedicated Combat Search And Rescue (CSAR)platform of similar form and function - though now outfitted with advanced systems and suites for its given role.

The early recipient of the HH-101 is slated to become the Italian Air Force which, in turn, will give up use of its aged fleet of American Sikorsky HH-3F "Pelican" helicopters. The HH-101 is billed as a more refined and advanced variant of the base Merlin line, installing an electro-optical sensor in a chin fairing as well as featuring an integrated defensive suite to ensure battlefield survival. An optional kit will allow for in-flight refueling to further expand operational ranges of the product. As it stands in April of 2014, the Italian Air Force has on order twelve HH-101 aircraft (as "HH-101A"). The first is expected to be delivered sometime in 2014.
A first flight of an HH-101 airframe was undertaken at the AgustaWestland facility of Yeovil, UK. This showcased the aircraft's lines that are largely similar to the original AW101, save for the chin fairing. The triple engine configuration still drives a five-bladed main rotor and four-bladed tail rotor (portside facing). Side sponsons house the retractable main landing gear legs while a twin-wheeled nose leg retracts into the cockpit floor. The standard flight crew will total five crew and include two pilots as well as mission specialists. Supported armament is said to be up to 3 x 7.62mm machine gun systems (including the M134 Gatling) positioned at the side doors and one at the rear-facing loading ramp. All three will be featured atop trainable pintle mountings and afforded ballistics protection. Both cockpit seats will be armored to protect the flight crew.

Beyond its stated CSAR role, the HH-101 is envisioned for civilian-minded SAR sorties as well as special forces insertion/extraction and support. The cabin will allow for configuration to the MEDEVAC role and retains space for up to 20 combat-ready infantry when needed as a general transport. These elements will be well served through the powered rear loading ramp.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (174mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Leonardo HH-101A Caesar's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
12
12


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Origin: Italy
Year: 2014
Type: Search and Rescue (SAR) Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter
Manufacturer(s): Leonardo-Finmeccanica (AgustaWestland) - Italy
Production: 12
Status: Active, Limited Service
Global Operators:
Italy
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Leonardo HH-101A Caesar model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
4


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
74.90 ft


Meters
22.83 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
61.02 ft


Meters
18.6 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
21.85 ft


Meters
6.66 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
34,392 lb


Kilograms
15,600 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
75,839 lb


Kilograms
34,400 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
3 x General Electric GE CT7-8E turboshaft engines developing 2,500 horsepower each while driving a five-bladed main rotor and four-bladed main rotor.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
174 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
280 kph


Knots
151 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
870 mi


Kilometers
1,400 km


Nautical Miles
756 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
10,827 ft


Meters
3,300 m


Miles
2.05 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• HH-101 "Caesar" - Base Series Designation
• HH-101A - Initial Production Model