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Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II

United States (2001)
Picture of Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft
Picture of Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft Picture of Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft
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The Beechcraft-Raytheon T-6 Texan II is an acrobatic tandem-seat aviation trainer in service with several militaries today.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/14/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Beechcraft/Raytheon T-6 "Texan II" is a lightweight, high performance, turboprop-powered basic/advanced trainer based on the Swiss Pilatus PC-9 series. The aircraft was born through a U.S. DoD initiative to help consolidate pilot training amongst its Air Force and Navy services while doing away with older generation T-34 and T-37 aircraft then in service. Begun in 1991, the JPATS (Joint Primary Aircraft Training System) program was established as a combination of resources in an effort to reduce the overall costs of pilot training. The T-6 Texan II was the adopted aircraft that beat out some six other suitors, becoming the namesake to the World War 2-era North American T-6 "Texan" in its primary role. Exported to other nations, the Texan II has also been outfitted with munitions for the light attack role.

The T-6 Texan II series is largely on the Pilatus PC-9 Mk II variant with the first prototype flight conducted in December of 1992. Deliveries then began in 2000 with formal service introduction had in 2001. Despite some obvious commonalities between the Swiss version and the American mark, the T-6 Texan II enjoys a reinforced internal structure and a more powerful engine. Due to the militarization common to aircraft ported over from civilian models, the Texan II was given an increased Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) as well as ejection seats for the two pilots. The two airmen are seated in tandem under a single-piece canopy hinged to open to the side. The typical arrangement seats the student in front with the instructor at rear while vision from both seats remains excellent thanks to the raised bubble-style canopy in play.

Power is served through a sole Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-68 series turboprop engine developing 1,100 horsepower while driving a four-bladed Hartzell propeller assembly at front. Speeds can reach 365 miles per hour while cruising is generally handled in the 320-mile per hour range. Operational ranges reach out to 1,035 miles with a service ceiling of 31,000 feet. The airframe is rated for G-limits up to 7.0g and -3.5g.

Operators beyond the United States now include Canada (CF-156 "Harvard II"), Greece, Iraq, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, and New Zealand. Canadian aircraft carry over the original "Harvard" name of World War 2 based on the original North American T-6 trainers. The Iraqi Air Force has received some 36 AT-6B Texan II light attack variants to date while New Zealand models are set to be delivered in 2016. Mexico received its aircraft in 2012-2013 and these serve both the air force and naval branches of service.

Current marks include the standard T-6A trainer, the T-6A NTA light attack model for the Greek Air Force, the upgraded T-6B with glass cockpit and HOTAS (Hands On Throttle-and-Stick). the AT-6B light attack variant, the T-6C upgraded form, and the Canadian CT-156 "Harvard II" largely based on the USAF/USN models.


Picture of the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft
Picture of the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft



Any available statistics for the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).




Cockpit picture from the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft
Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II Cockpit Picture
General Assessment (BETA)
Firepower  
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Performance  
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Survivability  
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Versatility  
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Impact  
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Rating: 76 (of 100)
The rating is an internal assessment derived from forty factors pertaining to this entry.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (320mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
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  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6A Texan II's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
855
855


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: United States
Year: 2001
Type: Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Raytheon Aircraft Company / Hawker Beechcraft (Textron Aviation) - USA
Production: 855
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Argentina; Canada; Greece; Iraq; Israel; Mexico; Morocco; New Zealand; United Kingdom; United States
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6A Texan II model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
33.46 ft


Meters
10.2 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
33.50 ft


Meters
10.21 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
10.70 ft


Meters
3.26 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
4,601 lb


Kilograms
2,087 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
6,301 lb


Kilograms
2,858 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-68 turbo-prop engine developing 1,100 shaft horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
320 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
515 kph


Knots
278 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
979 mi


Kilometers
1,575 km


Nautical Miles
850 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
31,004 ft


Meters
9,450 m


Miles
5.87 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
3,100 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
945 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft external fuel tank
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

Typically none for training. However, armed versions mount rocket pods, gun pods, conventional drop bombs as well as external fuel drop tanks as required for light combat role.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• T-6 "Texan II" - Base series designation; based on the Swiss Pilatus PC-9 series.
• T-6A - Base Trainer for use by USAF, USN, and Greek Air Force.
• T-6A NTA - Armed variant for Greece Air Force; based on T-6A model; provision for drop bombs, gun pods, rocket pods, and external fuel tanks.
• T-6B - Updated Texan II; digital cockpit; HOTAS.
• AT-6B - Armed Light Attack Variant based on T-6B model.
• CT-156 "Harvard II" - Canadian T-6A export version