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Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II


Tandem-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft


Aviation / Aerospace

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The Beechcraft-Raytheon T-6 Texan II is an acrobatic tandem-seat aviation trainer that remains in service with several nations today - including the United States.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/30/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The Beechcraft/Raytheon T-6 "Texan II" is a lightweight, high performance, turboprop-powered basic/advanced trainer based on the Swiss Pilatus PC-9 series. The aircraft was born through a U.S. DoD initiative to help consolidate pilot training amongst its Air Force and Navy services while doing away with older generation T-34 and T-37 aircraft then in service. Begun in 1991, the JPATS (Joint Primary Aircraft Training System) program was established as a combination of resources in an effort to reduce the overall costs of pilot training. The T-6 Texan II was the adopted aircraft that beat out some six other suitors, becoming the namesake to the World War 2-era North American T-6 "Texan" in its primary role. Exported to other nations, the Texan II has also been outfitted with munitions for the light attack role.

The T-6 Texan II series is largely on the Pilatus PC-9 Mk II variant with the first prototype flight conducted in December of 1992. Deliveries then began in 2000 with formal service introduction had in 2001. Despite some obvious commonalities between the Swiss version and the American mark, the T-6 Texan II enjoys a reinforced internal structure and a more powerful engine. Due to the militarization common to aircraft ported over from civilian models, the Texan II was given an increased Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) as well as ejection seats for the two pilots. The two airmen are seated in tandem under a single-piece canopy hinged to open to the side. The typical arrangement seats the student in front with the instructor at rear while vision from both seats remains excellent thanks to the raised bubble-style canopy in play.

Power is served through a sole Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-68 series turboprop engine developing 1,100 horsepower while driving a four-bladed Hartzell propeller assembly at front. Speeds can reach 365 miles per hour while cruising is generally handled in the 320-mile per hour range. Operational ranges reach out to 1,035 miles with a service ceiling of 31,000 feet. The airframe is rated for G-limits up to 7.0g and -3.5g.

Operators beyond the United States now include Canada (CF-156 "Harvard II"), Greece, Iraq, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, and New Zealand. Canadian aircraft carry over the original "Harvard" name of World War 2 based on the original North American T-6 trainers. The Iraqi Air Force has received some 36 AT-6B Texan II light attack variants to date while New Zealand models are set to be delivered in 2016. Mexico received its aircraft in 2012-2013 and these serve both the air force and naval branches of service.

Current marks include the standard T-6A trainer, the T-6A NTA light attack model for the Greek Air Force, the upgraded T-6B with glass cockpit and HOTAS (Hands On Throttle-and-Stick). the AT-6B light attack variant, the T-6C upgraded form, and the Canadian CT-156 "Harvard II" largely based on the USAF/USN models.



October 2019 - Tunisia has been named as a possible customer for the storied (and proven) T-6 Texan II basic/advanced trainer.

June 2020 - Elbit of Israel has secured a $38 million USD commitment from the Israeli Air Force to continue support of the service's T-6A trainer fleet.

September 2020 - The Royal Thai Air Force has committed to the purchase of 12 T-6C basic trainers. The order includes training and spare parts for the fleet. These will be used to succeed an aging fleet of Pilatus PC-9M aircraft in same role. The deal was announced on September 28th, 2020.

Specifications



Year:
2001
Status
Active, In-Service
Crew
2
Production
855 Units
Raytheon Aircraft Company / Hawker Beechcraft (Textron Aviation) - USA
National flag of Argentina National flag of Canada National flag of Greece National flag of Iraq National flag of Israel National flag of Mexico National flag of Morocco National flag of New Zealand National flag of Thailand National flag of Tunisia National flag of United Kingdom National flag of United States Argentina; Canada; Greece; Iraq; Israel; Mexico; Morocco; New Zealand; Thailand (announced); Tunisia (possible); United Kingdom; United States
- Ground Attack
- Close-Air Support (CAS)
- Training
Length:
33.46 ft (10.2 m)
Width:
33.50 ft (10.21 m)
Height:
10.70 ft (3.26 m)
Empty Weight:
4,601 lb (2,087 kg)
MTOW:
6,301 lb (2,858 kg)
(Diff: +1,700lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6A Texan II production model)
1 x Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) PT6A-68 turboprop engine developing 1,100 shaft horsepower driving four-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
Max Speed:
320 mph (515 kph; 278 kts)
Service Ceiling:
31,004 feet (9,450 m; 5.87 miles)
Max Range:
979 miles (1,575 km; 850 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
3,100 ft/min (945 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6A Texan II production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
Typically none. However, armed versions for the light attack role can be armed through unguided rocket pods, gun / cannon pods, and conventional drop bombs. External fuel drop tanks can be fitted for extended operational ranges as needed.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6A Texan II production model)
T-6 "Texan II" - Base series designation; based on the Swiss Pilatus PC-9 series.
T-6A - Base Trainer for use by USAF, USN, and Greek Air Force.
T-6A NTA - Armed variant for Greece Air Force; based on T-6A model; provision for drop bombs, gun pods, rocket pods, and external fuel tanks.
T-6B - Updated Texan II; digital cockpit; HOTAS.
AT-6B - Armed Light Attack Variant based on T-6B model.
CT-156 "Harvard II" - Canadian T-6A export version
Cockpit image of the Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6 Texan II
(Cockpit image represents the Textron Aviation T-6C Texan II production model)
General Assessment
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
Overall Rating
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of a possible 100.
76
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (320mph).

Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Beechcraft / Raytheon T-6A Texan II operational range when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Span
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.
Unit Production (855)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
855
855

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Max Altitude Visualization
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