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Harbin Z-20

China (2015)
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Origin: China
Year: 2015
Type: Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter
Manufacturer(s): Harbin - China
Production: 10
Status: Active, In-Service


The Harbin Z-20 is thought to be a new unlicensed Chinese copy of the globally popular Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk transport helicopter.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Harbin Z-20 Medium-Lift Transport Helicopter.  Entry last updated on 4/17/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

In 1984, the People's Republic of China procured several examples of the civilian-minded Sikorsky S-70C-2 model. From this, it is widely believed, that Harbin originated its Z-20 medium-lift transport helicopter currently in development for the People's Liberation Army which, in turn, makes the Z-20 the unlicensed Chinese version of the American Sikorsky UH-60 "Black Hawk" transport helicopter. First flight was recorded on December 23rd, 2013 and the project remains in the prototype stages as of February 2014.

For the PLA, the Z-20 will fulfill the same tactical roles as does the UH-60 for the US Army and others worldwide. It is a transport at heart, capable of hauling some thousands of pounds of cargos over distance. In addition to the perceived cargo transport role, the Z-20 will, of course, be in charge of hauling PLA warfighters to and from warzones. The overall configuration and general form is very similar to the American Black Hawk with a few minor differences. One key difference is in the design's reliance on a five-bladed main rotor assembly as opposed to the four-bladed arrangement seen on the UH-60 family. Other than that, the Z-20 maintains a forward set two-seat cockpit with redundant controls, a mid-set passenger cabin and a top mounted dual-engine configuration driving the main rotor and a tail rotor system. The undercarriage remains wheeled and two sliding doors provide the necessary access to the passenger area. As with American UH-60s, the Z-20 is expected to be armed with general purpose machine guns for point defense of embarking/disembarking troops.
Due to the project's early-stage presence, it remains to be seen the capabilities and impact that the line will have in the inventory of the PLA. Of course, it will undoubtedly be selected to replace outgoing, Soviet-era designs in time. The Chinese will also utilize the Z-20 as an over-water transport and field it from its new (and only) aircraft carrier - the Liaoning (commissioned in 2012).

It is worth noting the reports of Pakistani officials granting the Chinese time with the remains of the UH-60 "Stealth Hawk" which was destroyed during the assault on Osama Bin Laden's compound. Information garnered from the remaining components may have very well played a role in the Z-20's development though this will only become known over time - particularly once the Z-20 enters formal service with the PLA.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (171mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Harbin Z-20's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
10
10


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
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Global Operators:
China (probable)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Harbin Z-20 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
49.21 ft


Meters
15 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
52.49 ft


Meters
16 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
11.48 ft


Meters
3.5 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
11,023 lb


Kilograms
5,000 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
22,046 lb


Kilograms
10,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Turboshaft engines driving a five-bladed main rotor and four-bladed tail rotor.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
171 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
275 kph


Knots
148 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
348 mi


Kilometers
560 km


Nautical Miles
302 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
18,045 ft


Meters
5,500 m


Miles
3.42 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
1,400 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
427 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

Support for door-mounted general purpose machine guns is assumed.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Z-20 - Base Series Designation