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Shaanxi KJ-2000 (Mainring)

Airborne Early Warning and Control (AWACs)

OVERVIEW
HISTORY
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
DATA
Overview



Introduced in 2009, the Shaanxi KJ-2000 serves the Chinese Army Air Force in the AWACs role.
History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Shaanxi KJ-2000 (Mainring) Airborne Early Warning and Control (AWACs).  Entry last updated on 7/18/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
China was one of the many Soviet-aligned national powers to take on stocks of the famous Ilyushin IL-76 four-engined heavy hauler during the Cold War years. With decades of experience in operating the airframe, it was the IL-76 that became the basis for the all-modern Shaanxi KJ-2000 (NATO codename of "Mainring"), an Airborne Early Warning and Control (AWAC) platform for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). To date, only a handful of the type have been produced though these are outfitted with wholly Chinese systems and electronics making for a largely local solution - thusly relying less and less on foreign participation.

AWAC aircraft provide air powers the "eyes in the skies" required when at war against air, land and sea targets. Additionally, these are roving platforms, completely mobile, over a fluid battlefield environment and further linked to accompanying forces to provide real-time battlefield analysis. Such aircraft can operate in offensive- and defensive-minded roles as required and direct intercepting or strike aircraft to targets.

The KJ-2000 was born in 2000 after a deal with Russia for the Ilyushin A-50I (Israeli radar) fell through due to U.S. pressure on Israel. This forced the hand of Chinese leaders to locate a viable AWAC solution from within which is where engineers began work on the IL-76 airframe to take on a fuselage-mounted radar assembly and to be outfitted with a bevy of onboard electronics, sensors and control stations. The resulting aircraft appears as nothing more than the IL-76 with a radome mounted atop a solid support. The aircraft retains the general Il-76 form and function complete with its quad-engine layout, high-mounted wings and T-style tail unit. It is assumed that performance specifications of the aircraft follow that of the existing IL-76. The radar system is a locally-designed initiative by NRIET.

The initial prototype achieved first flight sometime in 2003 and the stable has slowly grown to number perhaps as many as five or six such airframes since. Observers have also identified a version of the KJ with a fixed radar, presumably with heightened capabilities. This model has been given the designation of KJ-3000 to signify the change.

With the arrival of the KJ-2000, Chinese air power is significantly broadened. Of course this will be more important with larger stocks of AWAC aircraft on hand to keep pace with Western rivals though the move does widen the gap with China against its smaller regional neighbors. It also serves to further break preexisting reliance on technology usually imported from suppliers elsewhere in the world.

The first Chinese AWAC squadron was formed in 2004 with aircraft received the following year. These aircraft will, no doubt, be used to monitor the ongoing situation over the South China Sea and all of its related disputes with Japan, Russia and others.




Specifications

YEAR: 2009
STATUS: Active, In-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Xian Aircraft Industrial Corporation - China
PRODUCTION: 5
CREW: 7
LENGTH: 152.89 ft (46.6 m)
WIDTH: 165.68 ft (50.5 m)
HEIGHT: 48.23 ft (14.7 m)
EMPTY WEIGHT: 203,928 lb (92,500 kg)
MTOW: 418,878 lb (190,000 kg)
POWER: 4 x turbofan engines developing 14,500lb of thrust each.
SPEED: 559 mph (900 kph; 486 kts)
CEILING: 42,651 feet (13,000 m; 8.08 miles)
RANGE: 2,672 miles (4,300 km; 2,322 nm)
OPERATORS: China
Armament



None. Restricted to mission equipment and countermeasures.
Variants / Models



• KJ-2000 - Base Series Designation
• KJ-3000 - Confirmed updated form with new radar array.








Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (559mph).

Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Shaanxi KJ-2000 (Mainring)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (5)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
5
5

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.




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