Staff Writer (Updated: 8/28/2014):
Design of the Model 10 was attributed to gunsmith John Pedersen (1881-1951), a man regarded by John Moses Browning himself as the "Greatest Gun Designer in the World". Many of Remington's sport-shooting designs of the period could be traced back to Pedersen's involvement though his military-minded endeavors often fell short through no fault of his own. John Pedersen was the developer of the notable "Pedersen Device" - an assembly that was to be added to the M1903 Springfield service rifle allowing for firing of .30 caliber short cartridges through a semi-automatic action, essentially making the bolt-action M1903 a semi-automatic rifle in nature. Unfortunately, despite production lines beginning to output the assembly, the Pedersen Device was doomed by the cessation of hostilities in World War 1 - the Armistice being signed in November of 1918.
The Model 10 shotgun was introduced to Remington lines in 1910, originally as a sporting system. Production would ultimately span from 1908 until 1929 before the type was discontinued. All versions were 12-gauge and barrel lengths offered were the long-form 32-inch model and a shortened, compact 20-inch version. The action was manual through working of the slide mounted under the barrel and around the cylindrical magazine. The magazine was of basic tube form and incorporated up to five shells inline. A button along the right side of the receiver was held down with each pump-action to introduce a fresh shell into the chamber and eject any spent ones. . The loading port was located under the receiver ahead of the trigger and doubled as the ejection port. Take-down was relatively easy and produced two components - the barrel/magazine tube with slide and the receiver with shoulder stock and trigger group. Each model featured a fixed, ergonomic solid wood stock attached to the end of the receiver with a formed pistol grip. The slide was also wooden and usually ribbed for a firm grip. An iron sight was forged just aft of the muzzle. The proper position for Model 10 function was the firing hand around the grip, the shoulder stock tucked into the shoulder pit and the supporting hand at the pump-action slide. The weapon's rate-of-fire was, therefore, limited to the speed of the action while reloading was relatively simple.