Infantry Model 1889 (Belgian Mauser) Bolt-Action Service Rifle
The Model 1889 was nothing more than the proven German Mauser modified to suit Belgian Army needs.
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The Belgian Model 1889 "Mauser" became the first bolt-action service rifle of the Belgian Army. It was based on the proven Mauser design originally brought about by brothers Paul and Wilhelm Mauser of Germany. The design went on to become one of the most famous family of bolt-action service rifles of its time (perhaps even of all time) and formed the basis of many forthcoming bolt-action-based long guns to follow. Many foreign national long guns simply borrowed (or illegally copied) the proven "Mauser" action and were often times designated with the Mauser name as an additional identifier despite their true country of origin. The first German Mauser became the Model 1871 "Infanterie Gewehr" while the more popular Mauser Model 1898 (or "Gewehr 98") became the primary service rifle of the German Army in World War 1. The Model 1898 formed the basis of the World War 2-era Karabiner 98K (or "Kar 98K") carbine series - the last major Mauser rifle adopted by the German Army.
When the modernizing Belgian Army required a new service rifle all their own, they turned to the existing and proven German design, bypassing any lengthy, and ultimately costly, indigenous initiative in the process. The German design served as the basic framework for the Belgian offering which was slightly modified to suit Belgian Army requirements. It was this very rifle that the storied Belgian firearms concern of Fabrique-National (otherwise abbreviated as "FN" - FN Herstal) was set up to manufacture in number. FN eventually survived two world wars and continues today as one of the top firearms designers and producers in the world.
One of the principle defining features of the Belgian version of the Mauser rifle was its thin sheet steel jacket fitted over the barrel - a very unique element not common to any other Mauser mark of note. The jacket was instituted as a feature intended to maintain the effectiveness of the barrel and the wooden body over time, otherwise lengthening its service life and long-term accuracy when exposed to excessive firing and battlefield abuse. Despite this approach, the jacketed barrel proved susceptible to moisture build-up and, therefore, introduced the problem of rust forming on the barrel itself - unbeknownst to the owner. Additionally, the jacket was not perforated in such a way as to relieve the barrel of any heat build-up and proved prone to denting. As such, barrel quality was affected over time regardless of the protective measure. One last item of note concerning this design initiative was the extra steel that was required to complete these rifles - an expensive resource particularly when the rifle was expected to reach tens of thousands of Belgian troops. By many accounts, the barrel jacket was not appreciated by its operators who depended on a perfect rifle in wartime.