Staff Writer (Updated: 2/24/2015):
At its core, the RK 95 TP is a basic assault rifle system built from tried-and-true components and quality construction to suit Finnish Army requirements. The weapon makes use of a gas cylinder fitted over the barrel (as in the AK-47) and this is shrouded by a plastic forend housing. The cylinder is utilized in the gas-based operation of the firing action, "tapping" the barrel after each successive round is fired to reuse this high pressure in the next action. The action makes use of a long-stroke piston with a rotating bolt arrangement buried deep within the receiver as in most conventional full-power rifle systems (including the AK-47). Like the RK 62 before it, the RK 95 TP was also chambered for the Soviet 7.62x39mm M1943 cartridge debuted in 1943 and this made logistical sense. The weapon is fed from a 30-round detachable curved box magazine manufactured of polymers to save on both procurement cost and overall weight. There are standard front and rear iron sights for base accuracy at range.
Overall length of the weapon is 37 inches while the folding stock allows for a more compact form of 26.6 inches to be reached. This allows the weapon to be used in all manner of roles including patrolling, airborne drops and special operations. The barrel itself measures in at 16.5 inches in length. Overall weight is 8.16lbs. The weapon can achieve variable rates of fire between 600 and 750 rounds per minute with a muzzle velocity listed at 2,300 feet per second. The effective listed range of the weapon is 300 meters with aid from the iron sights. While the flash hider on the muzzle can fire rifle grenades, the RK 95 TP can also be fitted with a conventional single-shot 40mm underslung grenade launcher unit. Additionally, the weapon can be used in the fire support role with the addition of a bipod under the barrel.
The RK 95 TP has since been introduced in a fixed stock version as the M92S. SAKO has also seen fit to offer the weapon in a 5.56x45mm NATO chambering to help increase the type's marketing value. To date, no other forces outside of the Finnish Defence Force makes use of the RK 95 TP series assault arm.
The RK 95 TP is also known as the "M95".