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  • Makarov PM (Pistol Marakova) Semi-Automatic Pistol

    The Makarov PM served as the standard Soviet Army pistol for forty years, ending its reign in 1991.

     Updated: 5/9/2017; Authored By Dan Alex; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The Makarov PM ("Pistolet Makarova") was designed and developed to replace the Soviet World War 2-era Tokarev TT-33 series semi-automatic pistol. The PM was based on the excellent qualities of the German Walther PP, a family of blow-back operated pistols appearing in 1935 and seeing extensive action throughout World War 2. The type proved of such a most excellent design that it led to both legal and illegal production copies of the type in the decades following its introduction. The Makarov PM was one such illegal copy and entered service in 1951. Despite its 1950s origins, it can still be found in the active Russian inventory as well as in use with other armies worldwide.

    Design of the PM was attributed to none other than Nikolay Makarov, a firearms engineer having graduated from the Tula State University. Makarov would go on to claim designs leading to the operational acceptance of the AM-23 cannon, the 9K111 "Fagot" man-portable missile launcher and the 9M113 "Konkurs" wire-guided missile. However, the Makarov PM would be his first true claim to fame for the Soviet Army. Production of his PM pistol would be handled in the Soviet Union by Izhevsk Mechanical Factory.

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    Makarov PM (Pistol Marakova) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1951
    Type: Semi-Automatic Pistol
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Izhevsk Mechanical Factory - USSR / Ernst Thaelman-Simson - Germany / Arsenal - Bulgaria / NORINCO - China

    Design (Internal, Dimensions and Weights)

    Firing Action: Blowback
    Available Caliber(s): 9x18mm Makarov
    Ammunition Count / Feed: 8-, 10- or 12-round detachable box magazine
    Overall Length: 161 mm (6.34 inches)
    Barrel Length: 93 mm (3.66 inches)
    Weight (Empty): 1.61 lb (0.73 kg)
    Sighting Assist: Adjustable Notch Rear; Blade Front


    Muzzle Velocity: 1,033 feet/sec (315 m/sec)
    Typical Range: 164 feet (50 meters; 55 yards)

    Global Operators / Customers

    Afghanistan; Angola; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bulgaria; Belarus; China; Cuba; East Germany; Georgia; Iraq; Kazakhstan; Laos; Latvia; Lithuania; Macedonia; Malta; Moldova; Mongolia; Mozambique; Nicaragua; Poland; Soviet Union; Russia; Syria; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan

    Model Variants

    Makarov PM (Pistol Marakova) - Base Production Series Designation

    Type 59 - Chinese NORINCO designation of Makarov copies.

    Baikal-442 - Baikal-produced sport version