Barrett M82 Anti-Tank / Anti-Material Rifle (AMR)
The classic Barrett M82 anti-material rifle has become a widely-accepted heavy caliber sniping system.
Authored By JR Potts, AUS 173d AB; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
Barrett Model 82, designated as the "M107" in US military service, was introduced in 1982 by the American Barrett Firearms Company and was developed as a scoped, long-range, heavy-caliber anti-material rifle (ironically called the "Light Fifty"). The weapon was chambered to fire the 0.50 inch Browning 12.7x99mm cartridge and the first military sale of the Barrett gun became was 100 M82A1 rifles sold to the Swedish Army in 1989 (as the "Ag 90") making it one of the first modern semi-automatic, large-caliber sniper rifles to be taken into quantitative operational service by any fighting force. In 1990, the US Military purchased 250 of the M82A1 variant for Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm to which then the US Marine Corps purchased 125 rifles and procurement orders from the US Air Force followed.
The M82 - also known as the SASR ("Special Applications Scoped Rifle") is designed as a multirole weapon system - capable of engaging lightly-armored vehicles, detonating ordnance (such as IEDs) at safe ranges or engaging enemy personnel (with dire results to the human target). The effective range is over 1500 meters with hits having been scored as far away as 2500 meters. API (Armor Piercing, Incendiary) rounds have proven effective against hardened targets such as buildings, trucks, and parked aircraft. The M82 has also been used to engage human targets behind walls though anti-personnel work is not the primary application for the weapon.