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  • RPG-7 Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG) Launcher


    The simple-to-use-yet-lethal Soviet-era RPG-7 rocket launcher proved popular from the outset - remaining in use with dozens of countries even today.



     Updated: 2/1/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The RPG-7 ("Ruchnoy Protivotankoviy Granatomet") was the follow-up in the family of Soviet-originated "RPG" man-portable, shoulder-fired, anti-tank rocket launchers (generically referred to as "RPGs"). The Soviet design could trace its roots back to the American "Bazooka" and German "Panzerfaust' launchers of World War 2 and many examples of these weapons came into the hands of Soviet troopers throughout the conflict. The RPG-7, like those rocket projecting systems before it, was devised as an inexpensive and easy-to-produce and operate, one-man, single-shot weapon for the purpose of defeating armor at range. Despite its 1961 introduction, the system maintains a faithful following and its production reach has meant that the weapon continues to see frontline service in a plethora of modern conflicts. Its qualities are such that the series is a favorite of organized national armies as well as rebels and guerrilla fighters the world over.

    The RPG-7 is a further development of past RPG variations - from the earlier RPG-2, RPG-3 and RPG-4 rocket projectors - and can fire a variety of warhead types including FRAG (FRAGmentation), HEAT (High-Explosive, Anti-Tank) and HE (High-Explosive) rounds. The FRAG projectile is a 4lb munition relying on 210 grams of A-IX-1 explosive. There are two major HEAT projectiles in the PG-7VL single-stage and PG-7VR tandem charge. The former weighs 5.7lb and the latter 9.9lb. Diameter is 93mm and 64mm respectively and these munitions can penetrade between 500mm and 750mm of Rolled Homogenous Armor (RHA). The TBG-7V is a thermobaric projectile of 9.9lb weight with a listed caliber of 105mm.

    Overall weight of the weapon is 15lb and overall length is 950mm (37.4 inches) making the system both lightweight and compact to carry. Grenades leave the muzzle at 115 meters per second and effective ranges are out to 200 meters (maximum achievable range is 920 meters). Sighting is through traditional static iron sights but optics are also supported as is a red dot reflex sighting device. At about 50 meters, the operator can achieve hit probability as high as 100% though this drops to half that at about 200 meters away from the target (of course many factors influence accuracy). Its effectiveness is not necessarily in the ability to stop light-armored vehicles but also to provide shock value to dug-in enemy troops.


    RPG-7 Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1961
    Type: Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG) Launcher
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Bazalt - Russia; Defense Industries Organization - Iran; Airtronic USA, Incorporated - USA



    Design (Internal, Dimensions and Weights)


    Firing Action: Shoulder-Fired; Single-Shot; Reusable Launch Tube
    Available Caliber(s): 40mm
    Ammunition Count / Feed: Single-Shot
    Overall Length: 950 mm (37.40 inches)
    Barrel Length: 950 mm (37.40 inches)
    Weight (Empty): 17.42 lb (7.90 kg)
    Sighting Assist: Standard Iron; Optional Optics Set

    Performance


    Muzzle Velocity: 377 feet/sec (115 m/sec)
    Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 4 rounds-per-minute (rpm)
    Typical Range: 984 feet (300 meters; 328 yards)

    Global Operators / Customers


    Albania; Armenia; Afghanistan; Algeria; Bangladesh; Cambodia; China; Cuba; Cyprus; Egypt; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Ireland; Israel; Kazakhstan; Laos; Lebanon; Libya; Malaysia; Malta; Mexico; Myanmar; Mongolia; North Korea; Pakistan; Peru; Philippines; Russia; South Africa; Soviet Union; Sudan; Syria; Vietnam

    Model Variants


    RPG-7 - Base Series Designation

    RPG-7V1 - Base Production Model Designation

    RPG-7V - Single-stage HEAT projectile; up to 330mm penetration.

    RPG-7VL - Single-stage HEAT projectile; up to 500mm penetration; anti-vehicle and anti-fortification.

    RPG-VR - Tandem HEAT projectile; up to 600-700mm penetration; heavy-armored targets including reactive armor.

    OG-7V - Fragmentation Projectile; 23ft effective range; anti-personnel.

    TBG-7V - Single-stage thermobaric projectile; 33ft effective range; anti-personnel; urban usage.

    RPG-7V2 - Current RPG-7 Model in use

    RPG-7D3 - Paratrooper Model

    Type 69 RPG - Chinese Production Designation

    RPG-7USA - US designation; Picatinny Rails

    B-41 - Cambodian and Vietnamese Designation

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