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    A look into some of the more common military, sporting and civilian-related ammunition types.



    NOTES: Length and Diameter (Bullet) measurements below appear in Inches. Weight is in "Grains". Muzzle Velocity is shown as "Feet Per Second". Abbreviations for varying ammunition types are AP for "Armor Piercing", I for "Incendiary" and AT for "Anti-Tank" where applicable.


    Values are only as accurate as the sources they reflect. Always consult official manufacturer's information when dealing with ammunition types.



    Common Ammunition Types for Pistols and Submachine Guns
    AMMUNITION
    357 SIG
    38 Special
    28 Super Auto
    40 S&W
    45 ACP
    45 Colt M1909
    5.45x18mm Soviet
    7.62x25mm Tokarev
    9x17mm Browning Short
    9x18mm Makarov
    9x19mm Glisenti
    9x19mm Parabellum NATO
    9x20mm Browning Long
    LENGTH (in)
    1.12in
    1.55in
    1.28in
    1.13in
    1.17in
    1.60in
    0.98in
    1.35in
    0.98in
    0.97in
    1.15in
    1.15in
    1.10in
    DIAMETER (in)
    .357in
    .355in
    .354in
    .398in
    .445in
    .445in
    .222in
    .307in
    .352in
    .364in
    .347in
    .355in
    .355in
    WEIGHT (gr)
    125gr
    200gr
    130gr
    178gr
    230gr
    250gr
    40gr
    86gr
    95gr
    95gr
    123gr
    115gr
    110gr
    MUZZLE VEL. (fps)
    1,350fps
    745fps
    1,300fps
    935fps
    860fps
    738fps
    1,033fps
    1,500fps
    955fps
    1,100fps
    1,050fps
    1,300fps
    1,000fps
    Common Ammunition Types for Rifles, Automatic Rifles and Machine Guns
    AMMUNITION
    5.45x39.5mm
    5.56x45mm
    5.56x45mm NATO (SS109)
    6.5x54mmR Mannlicher
    6.5x55mm Mauser
    7.62x39mm
    7.62x45mm
    7.62x51mm NATO (UK Ball)
    7.62x51mm NATO (US Ball)
    7.62x51mm NATO (US AP)
    7.62x54mmR Russian LT Ball
    7.62x54mmR Russian HVY Ball
    7.62x54mmR Russian AP (B30)
    7.65x53mm Mauser (Belgian)
    7.65x53mm Mauser (Turkish)
    7.92x57mm German Ball SmE
    7.92x57mm HVY Ball SS
    7.92x57mm AP/I PmK
    7.92x95mm AT (Germany)
    8.50R Lebel (French)
    8.50R Mannlicher (Austrian)
    8.55R Mannlicher (Hungarian)
    12.7x99mm UK 50 Browning
    12.7x99mm US M2 Browning
    12.7x108mm Soviet DShK
    13.2x92SR Mauser AT
    13.299mm Hotchkiss
    14.5x114mm Soviet AT
    30 M1 Carbine
    30-06 Springfield (Ball M1)
    303 British Mk 6
    303 British Mk 7
    55 Boys AT Rifle AP
    LENGTH (in)
    2.22in
    2.26in
    2.26in
    3.05in
    3.07in
    2.19in
    2.47in
    2.80in
    2.80in
    2.80in
    3.02in
    3.02in
    3.02in
    3.06in
    3.06in
    3.17in
    3.17in
    3.17in
    4.64in
    2.95in
    2.99in
    3.02in
    5.42in
    5.42in
    5.76in
    5.23in
    3.90in
    6.11in
    1.68in
    3.34in
    3.03in
    3.03in
    5.31in
    DIAMETER (in)
    .221in
    .223in
    .223in
    .262in
    .263in
    .308in
    .307in
    .308in
    .308in
    .308in
    .310in
    .310in
    .310in
    .311in
    .311in
    .323in
    .323in
    .323in
    .323in
    .319in
    .322in
    .328in
    .510in
    .511in
    .510in
    .522in
    .520in
    .587in
    .308in
    .308in
    .311in
    .311in
    .564in
    WEIGHT (gr)
    53gr
    55gr
    62gr
    160gr
    139gr
    123gr
    130gr
    144gr
    150gr
    150gr
    149gr
    185gr
    184gr
    215gr
    155gr
    178gr
    198gr
    156gr
    222gr
    198gr
    244gr
    205gr
    759gr
    710gr
    681gr
    965gr
    230gr
    968gr
    108gr
    174gr
    215gr
    174gr
    735gr
    MUZZLE VEL (fps)
    2,950fps
    3,300fps
    3,002fps
    2,400fps
    2,600fps
    2,330fps
    2,440fps
    2,700fps
    2,750fps
    2,750fps
    2,855fps
    2,683fps
    2,790fps
    2,035fps
    2,720fps
    2,746fps
    2,510fps
    2,730fps
    3,545fps
    2,296fps
    2,030fps
    2,280fps
    2,800fps
    2,810fps
    2,750fps
    2,600fps
    2,211fps
    3,200fps
    1,900fps
    2,675fps
    1,970fps
    2,400fps
    2,900fps